Atreus - Wikipedia
In Greek mythology, Thyestes was a king of Olympia. Thyestes and his brother, Atreus, were exiled by their father for having murdered their half-brother. In Greek mythology, Atreus was a king of Mycenae in the Peloponnese, the son of Pelops and Hippodamia, and the father of Agamemnon and Menelaus. Collectively, his descendants are known as Atreidai or Atreidae. Atreus and his twin brother Thyestes were exiled by their father for murdering Tantalus was a son of Zeus who enjoyed cordial relations with the gods until. Atreus and Thyestes were brothers, the sons of Pelops and Hippodameia. But Atreus' wife, the Queen, was secretly in love with Thyestes.
She bore Thyestes' son, but Atreus thought that the boy was his. Atreus named the boy Aegisthus. After many years of searching for Thyestes, Atreus finally sent his two grown sons, Agamemnon and Menelaus, to Delphi to find out where Thyestes was.
Thyestes happened to be there, seeking new advice on taking revenge on Atreus, since he couldn't find his daughter more precisely, he didn't know he'd found his daughter.
The Curse of the House of Atreus
Agamemnon and Menelaus hauled Thyestes back to Mycenae. Atreus had his other son, Aegisthus, behead Thyestes, but when Aegisthus pulled his sword, Thyestes recognized it as his own sword.
They had Pelopia summoned secretly, and as she explained what her unknown attacker had done to her, she realized that she had had intercourse with her own father, and killed herself with the sword. Aegisthus, now realizing that Thyestes was his true father, took the bloodied sword to Atreus as evidence that he had beheaded Thyestes. Atreus rejoiced, made sacrifices, and went to the river to wash his hands, where Aegisthus stabbed him in the back. Thyestes took the throne, and Agamemnon and Menelaus took refuge in Sparta with Tyndareus, the king.
They raised an army and returned to drive Thyestes from Mycenae. Tyndareus had married Leda, who was so beautiful that Zeus took, in the form of a swan, raped her. She had sex with Tyndareus on the same night.
She gave birth to four children: Polydeuces and Helen, semidivine children, and Castor and Clytemnestra, mortal children. In one version of the story, Leda actually laid two eggs-one with Zeus' children, one with Tyndareus'. Agamemnon married Clytemnestra, but many suitors came to court Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world.
The Curse of the House of Atreus | Ancient Origins
Odysseus saw that he was going to lose, and suggested a solution to the situation to Tyndareus in exchange for Tyndareus' niece, Penelope. The Oath of Tyndareus stated that each losing suitor would defend the marriage of Helen to the winner, and that if Helen should ever be forcibly taken away, the other suitors would exact due punishment. Menelaus offered the greatest price for Helen and won her in marriage, and when Paris stole her away, the mechanisms that launched the Trojan War were all in place.
Helen was taken away from Menelaus by Paris of Troy during a visit. Menelaus then called on the chieftains to help him take back Helen.Where Is Menelaus From?
Agamemnon, Iphigenia, Clytemnestra, Aegisthus, Orestes and Electra[ edit ] Prior to sailing off to war against Troy, Agamemnon had angered the goddess Artemis because he had killed a sacred deer in a sacred grove, and had then boasted that he was a better hunter than she was.
When the time came, Artemis stilled the winds so that Agamemnon's fleet could not sail. A prophet named Calchas told him that in order to appease Artemis, Agamemnon would have to sacrifice the most precious thing that had come to his possession in the year he killed the sacred deer.
This was his first-born daughter, Iphigenia.
He sent word home for her to come in some versions of the story on the pretense that she was to be married to Achilles. Iphigenia accepted her father's choice and was honored to be a part of the war. Clytemnestra tried to stop Iphigenia but was sent away. After doing the deed, Agamemnon's fleet was able to get under way. While he was fighting the Trojans, his wife Clytemnestra, enraged by the murder of her daughter, began an affair with Aegisthus.
Atreus & Thyestes
When Agamemnon returned home he brought with him a new concubine, the doomed prophetess, Cassandra. Upon his arrival that evening, before the great banquet she had prepared, Clytemnestra drew a bath for him and when he came out of the bath, she put the royal purple robe on him which had no opening for his head.
He was confused and tangled up. Clytemnestra then stabbed him to death. Agamemnon's only son, Orestes, was quite young when his mother killed his father. He was sent into exile. In some versions he was sent away by Clytemnestra to avoid having him present during the murder of Agamemnon; in others Electra herself rescued the infant Orestes and sent him away to protect him from their mother.
In both versions he was the legitimate heir apparent and as such a potential danger to his usurper uncle. Goaded by his sister ElectraOrestes swore revenge. Surely she was more worthy of worship. They came with bows and arrows and shot to death all of her sons and daughters.
Atreus and Thyestes – House of Atreus – The Curse
Ovid captures her heartbreak in an episode from his catalogue of myths, the Metamorphoses: Bereft, she sits among the dead, her sons, daughters, And husband, and she stiffens with grief.
She is said to have transformed into a cliff side with a gushing waterfall, forever weeping. Pelops also had two sons, Atreus and Thyestes. Atreus became king of the region called Mycenae. Meanwhile, his younger brother Thyestes betrayed him by seducing his wife. Once Thyestes had finished eating, Atreus told him he had just eaten his own children.
The House of Atreus family tree. The Greeks felt their cause for war was just, but the winds would not propel the sails of their warships.
Agamemnon summoned his daughter with promises that she would marry the Greek soldier Achilles, but when she arrived, his friends seized her and slit her throat over the altar. Greek playwright Aeschylus writes: Aeschylus, Agamemnon The winds became favorable and the Greeks sailed to Troy. After ten years of fighting, they razed Troy to the ground and kidnapped Helen back.