Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) - US Relations
The implementation of the Dayton Accords of has focused the efforts of policymakers in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as the international community, on regional stabilization in the countries-successors of the former Yugoslavia. The role of U.S. Involvement in Bosnia-Herzegovina in the history of the United after Stalin's death — Yugoslavia reopened relations with the Soviet Union. The U.S. Embassy in Sarajevo and the Embassy's branch offices in Banja Luka good relations with the people and government of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bosnia, the largest and historically most significant region, located in the north with its thickly forested land; and Herzegovina with its large, rocky hills and farmland in the southern part of the republic.
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Living on a small strip of land along the Adriatic Sea, Serbs and Croatians constitute half the population, and Bosnian Muslims make up 40 percent. Important dates in Yugoslavian history Following is a brief historical synopsis that includes U.
Foreign relations of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Five years after King Alexander I of Yugoslavia seized control and began to rule as a dictator, Croatian leaders assassinated him. Germany and other Axis powers then invaded the country and seized power. Tito was a close ally of the Soviet Union, but refused to allow Joseph Stalin's regime to take over the country. Four years after the U. Tito, refusing to take sides in the Cold Warbecame an advocate and speaker for the world's uncommitted neutral nations. Tito established a nine-member council, the "Presidency," to provide leadership following his death, and to ensure continued independence from the Soviet Union.
Yugoslavia was considered to be a puppet government of the Soviet Union, attempting to expand communist rule into other countries, as hypothesized in the Domino Theory.
Undersecretary of State Dean Acheson brought the theory before the U. Congress to persuade them into accepting responsibility for supporting such countries under communist pressure as Greece, i.
Bosnia and Herzegovina–United States relations - Wikipedia
The Truman Doctrinewhich embraced containment, resulted from American intervention in Greece. Churchill feared the Soviet Union's further expansion into Europe. Because of Tito's training in the Soviet Union, his attempts to gain the Adriatic territory raised the question about Italy's future political leanings.
Failed attempts were made to bring down inflation by building up economies in the less-developed regions of Kosovo, Macedonia and Montenegro.
Given the unraveling of Eastern European communism inand the Soviet Union inthe Yugoslav Federation no longer felt the threat of communist intervention from their big eastern brother. The time of radical political change was ripe. The network of military alliances, held tightly together during the Cold War years, had radically changed.
But instead of peace, the rise of ethnic nationalism began to create problems with no single ethnicity, and each group aligning with neighboring countries of their ethnic roots. Appeals for nationalism were found in such events as President Milosevic's speech to a crowd of more than one million people on June 28, He demanded separatism by the Muslim Albanian majority living in Kosovo.
In NovemberMolosevic became president with Although each ethnic group tolerated the other and mixed in public life, privately those ethnic groups remained separate and did not intermarry, which further widened the rift of differences between them.
Bosnia became a problematic area in the s. Fighting over Bosnian territory In the early s, Bosnian Serbs began to chisel out portions of Bosnia for themselves. Additionally, there are many non-governmental organizations NGOs that have likewise played significant roles in the reconstruction. The United States established diplomatic relations with Bosnia and Herzegovina in following its independence from Yugoslavia.
The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina was ended with the crucial participation of the United States in brokering the Dayton Peace Agreement. After leading the diplomatic and military effort to secure the Dayton accords, the United States has continued to lead the effort to ensure its implementation.
It also has donated hundreds of millions of dollars to help with reconstruction, humanitarian assistance, economic development, and military reconstruction in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The United States supports Bosnia and Herzegovina on its path toward full integration into Euro-Atlantic institutions.
The country's progress toward Euro-Atlantic structures--and the democratic, economic, and security commitments that this entails--are essential to the broader stability of the western Balkans.
Bosnia and Herzegovina–United States relations
Government assistance to Bosnia and Herzegovina aims to fully anchor the country in European and Euro-Atlantic institutions, strengthen multi-ethnic democratic institutions and civil society, support strong State-level judiciary and law enforcement sectors, and increase prosperity and attractiveness to foreign investors.
Bosnia and Herzegovina is a transitional economy that is pursuing membership in the European Union and the World Trade Organization.
More than 40 U.