Interviews - F.w. De Klerk | The Long Walk Of Nelson Mandela | FRONTLINE | PBS
When Nelson Mandela and South African President F.W. De Klerk Mandela understood that whatever their personal relationship, and .. Anyways, should you have any ideas or tips for new blog owners please share. first phase of their relationship, which extends roughly from February to the Mandela became president, de Klerk deputy president of the coalition . parliament provided de Klerk with a partner with whom he could guide South. When Nelson Mandela was joyfully inaugurated as South Africa's new president, he seized FW de Klerk by the hand and raised their palms in a.
The prisoner had lost his argument for a later release date but had persuaded De Klerk to allow him to leave directly from Victor Verster prison, in Paarl, near Cape Town. Mandela held up his fist in an ANC salute.
Mandela and De Klerk: Essential partners
In an instant he switched from being a symbol of the oppressed to the global symbol of courage and freedom that he remains today. Mandela's release did not signal the end of apartheid. In fact, the white-ruled pariah state was entering the most dangerous chapter in its history since the introduction of racial separateness in Four hours after leaving prison, Mandela arrived in Cape Town to address thousands of people gathered outside city hall. The impatient crowd had clashed with police and bullets had been fired.
But Mandela did not bring a message of appeasement. Mandela called on the international community to maintain its sanctions. I hope to live to see the achievement of that ideal.
But if need be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die," he shouted. With hindsight, Mandela used the fiery address to take up a negotiating position and convince the black majority that he had not made a secret pact with the authorities.
Nelson Mandela's fraught relationship with FW de Klerk
De Klerk had his moment of truth nine days earlier, in an address to the all-white parliament that coined the phrase "a new South Africa". There were gasps then and, from the far-right party, protests and boos. He is a lawyer from a strict, Calvinist tradition in which displays of emotion are a seen as a sign of weakness.
His one quirk seems to be the incessant chewing of gum. He has lived in this modern house in Fresnaye for 18 months, having moved into Cape Town with his second wife, Elita, from his farm in Paarl.
He points out that, from his garden, he has a view of Robben Island, where Mandela spent 18 years in prison. It is a fact. He does not reveal whether it leaves him hot or cold. But radical change requires steely nerves.
De Klerk had become president in Septemberthe son of a National party cabinet minister and the nephew of a prime minister. He grew up with Afrikaner fear in his DNA — the dread that after years on the tip of Africa and the struggle against British colonial rule, his Huguenot descendants would be chased into the sea by the black majority. That fear contributed to policies that built his nation — forced removals to create racially segregated areas and blacks being deprived of their citizenship.
It led to "passbooks", introduced to restrict black people's movements beyond those that were necessary to the economy, and separate beaches, buses, hospitals, schools, universities and lavatories for blacks, whites, mixed-race "coloureds" and Indians. As he prepared his 2 February speech at his holiday home in Hermanus in the Western Cape, De Klerk claims he had no confidant.
Why FW de Klerk let Nelson Mandela out of prison
I preferred decisions to evolve out of cabinet discussions. That way we achieved real co-ownership of our policies. But he also claims — in a line of argument that allows him to avoid condemning apartheid outright — that the system unravelled through a gradual process. Even today, he admits only that international sanctions against South Africa "from time to time kept us on our toes". In prime minister Hendrik Verwoerd's government divided black South Africans into eight ethnic groups and allocated them "homelands" — nations within the nation.
The move was a cornerstone of an Afrikaner nationalist dream to create a republic, but it led to international isolation.
Mandela was furious and his anger spilled over into the public. It was visible at times when the two were together.
Why FW de Klerk let Nelson Mandela out of prison | World news | The Guardian
On one occasion, Mandela appeared to be lecturing De Klerk angrily. Many in the international community, as well as many South Africans, became concerned that this deep rift would jeopardize the negotiations.
These fears persisted even though the two leaders had agreed in — after a long interruption in the talks provoked by violence in the township of Boipatong — that thereafter no acts of violence, whatever their origin, would stop the peace process.
But Mandela was now angry, and under pressure from his people. Was this violence a deliberate effort by the government to undermine the negotiations? Was De Klerk too weak to override his own security people?
Mandela told me it was inconceivable to him that a president had no power to stop such violence. One night, I was at a dinner at the home of Helen Suzman, who had been for years the lone outspoken opponent of apartheid in the South African parliament. Mandela, who adored her, was also there. After the meal, Mandela agreed to answer some questions. One guest asked Mandela his view of De Klerk.
I think all of us anticipated a strong criticism of the president. I was not surprised to witness this evidence of his courage and strength of commitment, but I was in awe nonetheless.