German Romanticism and Nationalism | Guided History
politics or the state, prepared the rise of German nationalism after . ). On the difference between English and German romanticism see Hoxie N. Fair. The connection between Romanticism and nationalism was usually seen .. and among the contemporary German Romantics, resides uniquely in negotiat-. The connection between Romanticism and nationalism was usually seen . the German discovery of the Lied to Wordsworth's celebration of artless spontane-.
Under the influence of romantic nationalism, among economic and political forces, both Germany and Italy found political unity, and movements to create nations similarly based upon ethnic groups. It would flower in the Balkans see for example, the Carinthian Plebiscite, along the Baltic Sea, and in the interior of Central Europe, where in the eventual outcome, the Habsburgs succumbed to the surge of Romantic nationalism.
Concert of Nations and Revolutions of Following the ultimate collapse of the First French Empire with the fall of Napoleon, conservative elements took control in Europe, led by the Austrian noble Klemens von Metternichideals of the balance of power between the great powers of Europe dominated continental politics of the first half of the 19th century.
Following the Congress of Viennaand subsequent Concert of Europe system, several major empires took control of European politics. Numerous movements developed around various cultural groups, who began to develop a sense of national identity. While initially, all of these revolutions failed, and reactionary forces would re-establish political control, the revolutions marked the start of the steady progress towards the end of the Concert of Europe under the dominance of a few multi-national empires and led to the establishment of the modern nation state in Europe; a process that would not be complete for over a century and a half.
Central and Eastern Europe 's political situation was partly shaped by the two World Warswhile many national identities in these two regions formed modern nation states when the collapse of the Soviet Union and the multinational states Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia led to numerous new states forming during the last two decades of the 20th century.
Folk culture[ edit ] "'Good evening, uncle! A drawing by John Bauer on Swedish folklore Romantic nationalism inspired the collection of folklore by such people as the Brothers Grimm. The view that fairy tales, unless contaminated from outside literary sources, were preserved in the same form over thousands of years, was not exclusive to Romantic Nationalists, but it fit in well with their views that such tales expressed the primordial nature of a people.
They rejected many tales they collected because of their similarity to tales by Charles Perraultwhich they thought proved they were not truly German tales; Sleeping Beauty survived in their collection because the tale of Brynhildr convinced them that the figure of the sleeping princess was authentically German.
They also altered the language used, changing each "Fee" fairy to an enchantress or wise woman, every "prince" to a "king's son", every "princess" to a "king's daughter". National epic The concept of a " national epic ", an extensively mythologized legendary work of poetry of defining importance to a certain nation, is another product of Romantic nationalism.
The "discovery" of Beowulf in a single manuscript, first transcribed incame under the impetus of Romantic nationalism, after the manuscript had lain as an ignored curiosity in scholars' collections for two centuries. Beowulf was felt to provide people self-identified as " Anglo-Saxon " with their missing "national epic",  just when the need for it was first being felt: The pseudo-Gaelic literary forgeries of " Ossian " had failed, finally, to fill the need for the first Romantic generation.
The unseen and unheard Song of Roland had become a dim memory, until the antiquary Francisque Michel transcribed a worn copy in the Bodleian Library and put it into print in ; it was timely: French interest in the national epic revived among the Romantic generation. Writers such as Jean Paul, Goethe, E. Hoffman, and Schlegel influenced each of these composers alike and many composed pieces using their texts. Again, this acts as a useful tool to the non-German speaker in discovering how German literature and music enforced nationalism.
The English translation of the text shows an idea of unity, brotherhood, and harmony but not specifically among Germans. However, one cannot look past the fact that this was the first time a symphony had text, and that this text in German dominates the last movement as the chorus sings it out.
Whether Beethoven intended for this to promote German Nationalism or not, it has become a piece that people have used in political contexts and was played often during the third reich. Grimm, Wilhelm, and Jacob Grimm. They are still read and admired today by adults and children alike, and have been republished and adapted to other media including television, movies, etc.
Romantic nationalism - Wikipedia
Evil tricks threaten us; if the German people and kingdom should one day decay, under a false, foreign rule, soon no prince would understand his people; and foreign mists with foreign vanities they would plant in our German land; what is German and true none would know, if it did not live in the honour of German Masters. Therefore I say to you: And if you favour their endeavours, even if the Holy Roman Empire should dissolve in mist, for us there would yet remain holy German Art!
His opera Die Meistersinger, with its first performance inshows particular nationalist character. Wagner clearly promotes German identity, unlike Beethoven 44 years before who did this much more subtly. It encourages nationalism and pride in the political system.
Compared to French Romantic music which is much more flowy, German Romantic music can be much more abrupt, similar to the two respective languages. If one listens to just the accompaniment of these vocal pieces, one will find how much they reflect the language. Cambridge University Press, One can look at Romantic poetry originally in English such as Wordsworth to understand the idea of Romanticism better in the broader context not just in Germany.
Wordsworth included several enjambments and lack of rhyme in his poetry, going against the previous formal conventions; this placement of emotion over form was a very romantic idea and was used in Romanticism throughout the continent.
A translation cannot provide anywhere near the beauty that a poem achieves, because sounds and aesthetics became important. However, knowing the German language can really allow one to the poems of the Romantic area in the above anthology. Harvard University Press, Charles Rosen was greatly appreciated for his contributions to historical musicology.
Though his work is quite old compared to other work out there, it is still used today.