The Value of Hospitality
dayline.info ✅. According to Webster's New World Dictionary a political relationship could be "social relationships involving authority or power,". travels such as Odysseus' in The Odyssey as well as the guest-friend relationship, . Many of the hosts ask Odysseus to pray for their happiness to the gods in. Xenia is the ancient Greek concept of hospitality, the generosity and courtesy shown to those who are far from home and/or associates of the person bestowing guest-friendship. The rituals of hospitality created and expressed a reciprocal relationship between guest and host expressed Xenia is an important theme in Homer's The Odyssey.
It is not polite to ask questions until the guest has finished the meal provided to them. The respect from guest to host. The guest must be courteous to the host and not be a burden.
The Odyssey The Guest-Host Relationship
The guest should also provide a gift if they have one. If one had poorly played host to a stranger, there was the risk of incurring the wrath of a god disguised as the stranger. It is thought that the Greek practice of theoxenia may have been the antecedent of the Roman rite of Lectisterniumor the draping of couches. While this particular origin of the practices of guest-friendship are centralized around the divine, however, it would become common practice among the Greeks to incorporate xenia into their customs and manners for very much all of ancient Greek history.
Indeed, while originating from mythical traditions, xenia would very much become a standard practice throughout much if not, all of Greece as customarily proper in the affair of men interacting with men as well as men interacting with the Gods.
In the Iliad[ edit ] The Trojan war described in the Iliad of Homer resulted from a violation of xenia. Parisfrom the house of Priam of Troywas a guest of Menelausking of Mycenaean Spartabut seriously transgressed the bounds of xenia by abducting his host's wife, Helen.
Therefore, the Achaeans were required by duty to Zeus to avenge this transgression, which, as a violation of xenia, was an insult to Zeus' authority. Diomedes and Glaucus meet in No man's land. However, Diomedes does not want to fight another man descendant from the Gods, so he asks Glaucus about his lineage. Upon revealing it, Diomedes realizes that their fathers had practiced xenia with each other, and they are guest-friends.
Therefore, they decide not to fight, but to continue their hereditary guest-friendship by trading armor. They are talking about exchanging presents so that people will remember them for dropping their hatred and becoming friends. In Book 9, Achilles invites Odysseus into his home and asks Patroclus to make the strongest wine for them to drink. Patroclus also brings meat with the wine.
The men eat and have light chatter before Odysseus delivers Agamemnon 's offer to Achilles. Xenia is important between humans and also between gods.
Hephaestus is worried about making Thetis feel at home in his home so he lays out entertainment and puts away his tools. Penelope also instructs her maids to bathe Odysseus and to make a bed for him. She then invites her guest to take a place beside Telemakhos in the feasting hall. Penelope represents an epitome of the Greek ideal. Despite many trials and hardships, she remains a faithful wife and mother, as well as a gracious and receptive host to her company. Few of the other characters in the poem possess these attributes of the Greek civilization.
Hospitality in the odyssey words - 4 pages. Not every character in The Odyssey that has guests come into their homes respected and followed the customs that go along with Xenia. There are also numerous ways that Xenia can be violated. This can be anything from turning guests away, being a poor host, or even killing and robbing them.
The first example of someone violating Xenia is the meeting with the Cyclops. Along his journey, Odysseus and his crew came upon the land of the Cyclops Storytelling in The Odyssey words - 3 pages Storytelling in The Odyssey The story of Odyssey comes from a time when storytellers spread tales of heroes and heroic deeds.
The Greeks have been known to tell their stories of their heroes in oral tradition. The first few lines of the Odyssey is the narrator asking a Muse to help him tell the story of Odysseus. The story is also filled with dialogue, which might indicate that it is a form of theatre and that these lines were performed Women in the odyssey words - 4 pages In Homer's The Odyssey, women are looked at in two ways; as being the evils in the world and hindering on Odysseus's homecoming or as being loving and faithful.
On his journey home, Odysseus weaves his way through many hardships and temptations that are created by the women he meets on his voyage back to Ithaca. Calypso and Nausikaa play a large role in representing temptation while Penelope represents loyalty for she was the only good and loyal Women in The Odyssey words - 4 pages Women in The Odyssey In The Odyssey the main character, Odysseus, meets and entertains an impressive array of women.
It was here that Telemachus found himself more welcome than he wanted. Throughout his journey, Odysseus also begins to reject hospitality when he finds himself encountering troubles at each place he comes to. Eventually he is the only man left alive. What mortals must I meet in this new land that I now touch? He starts to wonder if they are actually kind or if they are only trying to please the gods with their hospitality. On the opposite side, back at home, Telemachus and Penelope found themselves feeling obligated to provide hospitality when they did not necessarily want to.
The suitors came to their home and expected proper hospitality to be offered to them. Because of the importance of hospitality back in those times, most people assumed it. In the case of the suitors, however, there was a larger assumption made on their part.
When the suitors first showed up at the doors of the palace, Penelope and Telemachus intended for them to stay for a feast or two.
The suitors more or less intruded and welcomed themselves far more than Penelope and Telemachus had wanted them to.
The Guest Host Relationship In The Odyssey
There are no universal rules for the conduct of the host or the guest; much less a threat of violence if a person does not behave in a certain manner. The Odyssey, takes its reader to a very different world of rules and manners. In the story, the importance of hospitality goes beyond being a gracious host; there is a threat of violence if the host or guest does not fulfill their responsibilities.
On his way to met with her Hermes advises him on how to deal with the witch. One very important reason is that the goddess was violating the code of conduct between host and guest and not even a goddess can violate the rules. When the Cyclops decides to eat rather than welcome Odysseus and his crew, the men poke his eye out. This event does not bother the gods at all. The father of the Cyclops, Poseidon, is only upset by the event because it was his son who was hurt.
This statement proves that violence was an acceptable answer when a host was not gracious. The most violent reaction to the disregard of the responsibilities between a host and his guests occurs when the suitors are killed.
In the biblical story of Sodom and Gomorra three angels search in the city for someone who will welcome them into their home. When they do not find anyone inside the city, they travel to the home of Abraham.
Xenia (Greek) - Wikipedia
According to the story, Abraham was recovering from a circumcision and in a great deal of pain when he saw the strangers. Even with his pain he welcomed the strangers and was saved from the destruction of the city. In both the Bible and The Odyssey violent penalties are given as a threat to anyone who is not hospitable and accommodating to their guest. Because of this, it is not difficult to see that hospitality was one of the most important aspects to both societies.
Given and Received As we have seen, hospitality plays a major part in the Odyssey, but the actual hospitality is not as important as the way that that hospitality is received, and the consequences of that reception. For our first example we will look at how the suitors respond to the hospitality given to them at the house of Odysseus.
The suitors are fed and housed, and after a number of years they overstay their welcome. What are the consequences of these actions taken by the suitors?
Although the primary consequence is their death, they also lose the hand of Penelope. None of them are able to pass the test of stringing the bow of Odysseus except Odysseus himself. By not respecting the hospitality given by Penelope, they set the stage for their own deaths.
Our next instance of hospitality occurs on the island of the Cyclops.