Jamal Malik (character) - Wikipedia
Salim. Jamal has labored in sweat shops, stolen food, engaged in robbery, and has .. problems,” requires that we help Jamal to understand the relationship. The materials culled from the movie can be used to discuss issues like with them Synopsis of the Movie Slumdog Millionaire Jamal Malik (Dev Patel), an 18 year on Salim and Jamal‟s ability to extemporize the language in the city of Mumbai. According to Bhatia and Ritchie () participant roles and relationship. When an orphanage director plots to blind young Jamal, Salim engineers a . The movie boldly states that Jamal and Latika's relationship was "written"—that is .
Login Slumdog Millionaire, a film released in by director Danny Boyle explores the lives of two young brothers, Salim and Jamal from the slums of Mumbai, India. Throughout the duration of the movie, the lifestyle and health of the boys vary drastically due to individual aspects and environments influencing these changes. At the beginning of the movie, we are introduced to Salim and Jamal as young boys living with their mother in the Indian Slum of Bombay, characterised by a high population of low income settlers and poor living conditions.
- Slumdog Millionaire- Health Studies review
- Slumdog Millionaire Review
- 5 Favorite Things: Slumdog Millionaire (2008)
The physical environment of Jamal and Salim is poor. Living in poverty and squalor, Jamal and Salim face issues such as inadequate access to clean fresh water, poor infrastructure and quality of housing, overcrowding, a poor education with large numbers and few resources and poor sanitation facilities.
The economic environment in Bombay is extremely poor. Residents do not have access to healthcare and hospitals, nor do many have work, which means they cannot afford healthy, sustainable food and medication to improve physical health.
Socially, Jamal and Salim have a close family relationship with each other and their mother who cares solely for the boys herself. The brothers, despite unlikely circumstances, do not seem to struggle with physical or mental health conditions and emotionally are happy, energetic children.
Jamal Malik (character)
Following a violent religious clash against Muslims, Jamal and Salim witness the killing of their mother and many other residents and are forced to flee for their lives. It is at this stage, Jamal meets Latika, a young Indian girl whose family also disappear in the riots. Jamal makes friends with Latika and she contributes to the improvement of his emotional and social wellbeing, growing to love her as he matures. After the killing of their mother, the brothers now no longer attend school, which sacrifices their education and future prospects of obtaining a decent career and stable income.
This is a regular occurrence for children raised in Slums. The physical health of Jamal, Salim and Latika is endangered as they are forced to rely on seconds foods and abandoned materials to shelter them from the Indian weather conditions.
Dehydrated, starving, weak and dirty, the luck of the young children seems to change when they are found by orphanage operator Maman, who invites them to stay with him.Time didn't dissolve the hatred between Jamal and Salim
The following weeks indicate improving health of the children. Jamal and Salim are given a place to sleep, food to eat, a place to shower and are surrounded by many other orphans who though at times bully each other with harsh pranks, seem to get along quite well.
This is when Salim learns of the fate of the orphans and Jamal and Salim, with Latika, flee to a departing train. For the next few years, the brothers live on the train. They earn money to survive by selling stolen goods, pickpocketing and stealing food. They are in constant physical danger of falling off the roof of the train, by taking risks such as jumping from carriage to carriage, climbing along the train roof and are eventually thrown off the train after being caught pinching food.
Jamal and Salim re-emerge no longer as children, but adolescents and are able o earn money for basic human essentials such as food and shelter by giving unofficial tours of the Taj Mahal to tourists and stealing items such as shoes and car tyres, before eventually acquiring jobs as a dishwashers in a restaurant. The movie indicates the tourism industry provides the economic environment with many job opportunities for this region of India.
Furthermore, Boyle provides an excellent representation of the social environment difference of India in comparison to countries like America and Australia, as seen by the shocked and disgusted reaction of tourists following the beating of Jamal.
This brutal treatment of human life, especially to adolescents is generally despised of in first world societies but is displayed as a regular, overlooked norm of Indian life. Despite the improvements of overall physical and environmental health, Jamal continues to long for Latika, his sadness impacting his mental and emotional health and Salim agrees to return to Bombay Now called Mumbai in search of her.
Language in India www. The materials culled from the movie can be used to discuss issues like with them whenwhere, why, and who uses code- switching as a communicative strategy.
Code-switching a universal phenomenon Gumperzp. Conversational code-switching is defined by Gumperzp. For this paper, code-switching, as a communicative strategy will be focused on as it is the most common strategy used in the movie Slumdog Millionaire. Code-switching in movie dialogues is a common phenomenon in Bollywood movies nowadays. Perhaps, it would not have been written if it does not sound natural to native Hindi speakers. However, such code-switching practices have indirectly made it easier for an international audience to comprehend the movies from Bollywood.
Danny Boyle, the British director of Slumdog Millionaire, script writer Simon Beaufoy and co-director in India Loveleen Tandan, have also adopted code-switching for the dialogues without any qualms about using English in the Hindi movie dialogues. Code-switching in the classroom is frowned upon. Nevertheless code-switching can be used as a pedagogical strategy for the less proficient pupils who are learning the target language. Slumdog Millionaire has these criteria to be used as a pedagogical tool i.
The content of the movie is not to be interrupted even though English is used intermittently with Hindi. Both languages are used throughout the movie. The decisions to switch relate to when, who is speaking to who and where it happens.
Desperate, Jamal tells the police about his life in the slums and how he cleverly Language in India www. He tells of adventures on the road, of vicious encounters with local gangs, and of Latika, the girl he loves.
Every chapter of his story reveals the key to the questions posed. Recounting his life history to the police, Jamal is close to winning twenty million rupees. He proves his innocence and continues with the game.
He confidently answers the final question but not before a series of incidents befalling his brother Salim and Latika. Why This Analysis of Slumdog Millionaire Slumdog Millionaire has been chosen for analysis because it is highly popular and has been watched by millions of people around the world. Having the children speak in their native.
How to use code-switching in Slumdog Millionaire in the classroom i. In other words, the L2 can act as a scaffold or bridge linking the unknown to the known. Learners and teachers should be aware that code- switching in Slumdog Millionaire takes place without the interlocutors being consciously aware of it.
Code-switching is, therefore, as shown in Slumdog Millionaire, an occurrence that may sometimes not even be a conscious choice. The code-switching practices in Slumdog Millionaire takes place unconsciously as a strategy to communicate more effectively among the interlocutors in the movie.
Slumdog Millionaire – What are you chasing?
Thus, through Slumdog Millionaire, new knowledge and language awareness is also conveyed to teachers and learners through code-switching as a strategy that expedites teaching and learning of English to those who already know Hindi but little English. To build a bridge between old and new Code-switching in Slumdog Millionaire is also used by the interlocutors to reiterate a new point. In this repetition function, teachers can help learners by building a bridge between old and new knowledge.
One of the main aims of code-switching in Slumdog Millionaire is to ensure international audience comprehensibility. Thus, the teachers and learners should be aware that code-switching as used in the movie helps to convey a more exact meaning to the audience. It also helps to ease communication with those who are less proficient in the target language. The more matured Jamal and educated group in the movie code-switched to identify with a particular group of urbanites. Below are examples to show how code-switching is used to create language awareness by referring to who, when, where and why the language s is used.
In the movie, code-switching is used in at least two ways. Firstly, it is used to communicate to the audience the different phases of what is going on in the movie. In parts of the movie where the flashbacks occur and the audience is shown the lives of the children in the slums, the language used is Hindi. However, as the movie progresses to show the children becoming adults in a better world than the slums, more of English is used.
The predominance of the English language is relatively a compensation to the non- Hindi speaking audience who would have to read subtitles in the earlier part of the movie. This is an indication to signal to the audience of the changes that have taken place in the lives of the characters.
English could be used to show that the characters now have better lives than before since using English has been associated with better education and quality of life, given the economic opportunities that come with the ability to use the language.
A further illustration of this is when the brothers discover that they can earn a living by becoming English-speaking tour guides for foreign tourists visiting the Taj Mahal.
Code- switching occurs due to economic reasons. The moview portrays India as a socio-linguistic giant of which multilingualism is the nerve system. So, code-switching and translation in different parts of the movie help to ensure that the audience is able to follow the direction of the story.
The language teacher can capitalize on this point to show language learners the importance of learning a target language like English.
Knowledge of such an international language helps in earning a livelihood. The conversation between the two police officers who interrogated and tortured Jamal shows instances of Hindi code-switches in dominant English to depict social distance between the speakers and the victim see Example 1.
Slumdog Millionaire – What are you chasing? | Translating Heaven
The motherchud is overthere. Your name, ben chod.
In the talk between Jamal and Prem Kumar, the host of the show, Hindi and English are used intermittently. Prem Kumar uses Hindi when he talks to Jamal privately before and during the show but immediately switches to English when the rounds begin. The newscaster on television reporting the show, also uses a mixed code of more Hindi and less English. According to Bhatia and Ritchie participant roles and relationship play an important role in language use.
And what does an assistant phone basher do exactly? I get tea for people and… Prem: Prem is trying to depict Jamal as an uneducated young man. The different ways of addressing Jamal Malik show the relationship between Jamal and the people around him. Most of the time, the characters in the movie address him as Jamal. Salim calls him Jamal and so does Latika. The superiority shown by Prem Kumar and the policemen are obvious as seen in their forms of addressing Jamal who comes from one of the slums of Mumbai.
However, to make it comprehensible to the audience, the movie director makes Mister Nandha goes on to clarify and translate in English see Example 3. Ram nan satya hai, Babri Masjid dhvasth hai. We have destroyed your mosque.
5 Favorite Things: Slumdog Millionaire () - French Toast Sunday
Now the followers of Ram will drive you dogs out of the city. It is also not surprising that the police officer who interrogates Jamal speaks mostly in English to his subordinate and to Jamal.
In another scene, Maman, the gangster speaks English to show that he has power over Salim, Jamal and Latika when he says see Example 4 Maman: Hello again… Jamal, Salim. Really thought that you could just walk in and take my prize away. The police officer provokes and makes Jamal speak up by using English see Example 5. No response Police Officer: And who knows how much further? Fancy the twenty million, do you? The shift from English to Hindi mimics the linguistic code-switching that Indians of a certain class use, and this depends on who they are speaking to as well as the things they are talking about.