France and Morocco
Morocco. Q: To return to the question of the French ambassador in Q: Can you summarize the state of the relationship between France and. Morocco–United States relations are bilateral relations between Morocco and the United States Finally, Thomas Barclay, the American consul in France, arrived in Morocco in There he negotiated the Moroccan–American Treaty of. upon completion of his bilingual education in Arabic and French. Although Moroccan friendship ties to the United States are histor- ical, on many occasions, .
Roosevelt sent a message to Morocco's King, H. Our victory over the Germans will, I know, inaugurate a period of peace and prosperity, during which the Moroccan and French people of North Africa will flourish and thrive in a manner that befits its glorious past.
President Roosevelt also conferred privately with King Mohammed V to assure him that the United States would support Morocco's quest for independence from France.
This was particularly true under the reign of King Hassan II. Eisenhower sent a congratulatory message to King Mohammed V: Two years later, Eisenhower's vice president, Richard Nixontraveled to Rabat to meet with the King. Bushand Bill Clinton. During the Cold War, Morocco remained officially non-aligned. However, unlike most other Arab states, Morocco displayed pro-western sympathies.
On the military side, Morocco signed agreements with the U. Upon taking the throne, King Mohammed VI made it quite clear that he wanted to continue his nation's centuries-old friendship with the United States.
In his first speech as King inKing Mohammed VI reaffirmed his father's policy of defending the nation's territorial integrity and strengthening ties with African nations, friends in Europe, and the United States. Fassi-Fihri takes the lead on certain aspects of Moroccan foreign policy including relations with the United States.
Morocco was among the first Arab and Islamic states to denounce the September 11, terrorist attacks in the United States and declare solidarity with the American people in fighting terrorism. For example, King Mohammed VI presided over a mass service in support of the victims of the September 11 attacks. Additionally, security cooperation between the two countries is well developed. King Mohammed VI collaborates with U. House of Representatives Congressional Hearing in June Morocco is a longtime partner of the United States and our experience with your great nation over the last two centuries has persuaded us that there is much that we can accomplish together.
The developments listed as potentially pursuable include the establishment of "social safety net programs," regulation of "working conditions," and "timely" creation of "labor market statistics. The training sessions were held to address potential radiological emergencies and nuclear incidents. Bilateral cooperation involves technical exchanges, mutual training events, jointly conducted exercises and emergency management assistance.
They were accused of spreading Christianity which can be practiced but not evangelized in Moroccoand ordered to leave immediately. This resulted in the U. Help from the United States was especially important when the Polisario deployed Soviet-built SA-6 surface-to-air missiles to counter the growing effectiveness of the Royal Moroccan Air Force.
On the other hand, the Reagan Administration dropped all conditions in supporting the Moroccans, as the need for staging bases in North Africa for the Rapid Deployment Joint Task Force made access to Morocco's airfields strategically important. Bush Administration, the focus of the U. Some authors claim it is the first non-maximalist approach either side has offered,  while others describe it as an old attempt copied from a proposal without credibility.
Western Sahara would control all other issues, including: Presidential administrations have not gotten deeply involved in the dispute over Western Sahara, the idea of resolving the conflict in favor of Morocco has a sizeable following in U.
In Juneformer Secretary of State, Madeleine Albrightmembers of Congress from both major American political parties, and 15 influential figures involved in national security and foreign policy signed a letter to President George W.
Bush encouraging the President to get involved and assist bringing an end to the struggle. The letter cites international stability, the war against terrorism, economic integration and a long-standing allegiance with Morocco as some of the reasons for supporting Morocco and drawing the conflict over Western Sahara to a close.
Morocco–United States relations - Wikipedia
In that same spirit, we appreciate the attention of your Committee in helping us move this issue forward to a successful resolution. We consider the Moroccan proposal to provide real autonomy for the Western Sahara to be serious and credible. The king criticized the Trump Administration's December decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel, stating that it would "negatively impact the prospects for a just and comprehensive solution to the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.
Embassy's move to Jerusalem in May Tensions between Morocco and Algeria—a regional rival and the Polisario's primary backer—have long stymied security and economic cooperation in North Africa. Partly in response, the king has launched various economic, trade, and exchange initiatives in sub-Saharan Africa, and Moroccan private sector investment in that region has accordingly increased since the s.
The king remains the arbiter of national political decision-making, the head of the military, and as "Commander of the Faithful" the country's highest religious authority.
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In practice, King Mohammed VI continues to exercise significant policy influence and has regularly dismissed or reshuffled cabinet ministers. In earlythe king spent several months abroad after undergoing surgery in France, raising concerns among some observers about his health and ability to shape policymaking at home. The PJD spent its first two decades of existence as an opposition party before its first electoral victory in the immediate aftermath of the protests and constitutional revision.
The party again won a plurality of seats in the last legislative elections, held in In recent years, however, the palace and its political allies have taken steps to curtail the PJD's influence over policymaking. These included the Socialist Union of Popular Forces USFP after its French acronyma secularist opposition party that shares few policy priorities with the PJD and whose electoral strength has declined in recent cycles.
A trend toward diminished PJD political influence was also visible in the aftermath of regional and municipal elections in The PJD has generally refrained from pressing for deep political changes, preferring to reassure the palace of its ability to function within the established order.
This message appears to be popular, but the PJD's influence has been constrained by Morocco's political system and electoral rules. As the large protests of fade into the past, the palace and its allies may also feel more emboldened to intervene directly in politics and check the PJD.
The PJD itself may be responding to these trends. In its party convention, PJD members voted against a bid by Benkirane to remain party leader for a third term, replacing him with Al Othmani, who has arguably pursued a less populist tack and greater accommodation with the palace. The palace and government leaders have struggled to respond to unrest since in the northern mountainous Rif region, where ethnic Amazigh Berbers predominate.
Morocco: Background and U.S. Relations - dayline.info
Protests have also surged in parts of the east, reflecting similar grievances over economic marginalization as well as a "deep distrust…in the formal political process. The reshuffle appeared to be part of a wider effort to frame unresolved tensions as failures of the political class, despite a long history of conflict between Rif populations and the monarchy.
The economy is diverse: Remittances from Moroccans living in Europe are a source of foreign exchange and a social safety net. Some view the palace's extensive role in the economy and political system as enabling corruption and conflicts of interest.
Such sentiments, along with anger at high prices, have spurred the aforementioned boycott protest movement in Although the move did not set off major unrest, it has prompted public scrutiny over whether politically-connected gas distribution companies have benefitted disproportionately. The State Department's Investment Climate Statement reports that Morocco "is actively encouraging and facilitating foreign investment, particularly in export sectors, through macro-economic policies, trade liberalization, investment incentives, and structural reforms.
In recent years, authorities also have repeatedly claimed to disrupt multiple terrorist cells and plots tied to Al Qaeda or the Islamic State. In alone, Moroccan authorities announced that they had arrested terrorism suspects and broken up nine cells planning to attack a range of targets, including public buildings and tourist sites. Ina State Department official stated in congressional testimony that Morocco's "holistic counterterrorism strategy" had made it "difficult for AQIM to effectively establish a foothold.
Bush Administration—joined or formed Al Qaeda-linked groups.