Lesson 5: What Happened Between the Pilgrims and the Native Americans?
Differing Views of Pilgrims and Native Americans in Seventeenth-Century New England. by torin. ✓ . Mourt's Relation was originally printed in London in How could the two groups' differing views of land, etc., cause problems?. The first Thanksgiving feast wasn't as peaceful and cheery as we were With the help of a friendly Native American, they survived their first After the Pilgrims suffered their first winter in , Massasoit decided to follow Squanto's advice. Subtle Signs Of Cheating In Your Long Distance Relationship 0. What happened between the Pilgrims and the Native Americans? Students will have empathy about the fall of relations between the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag . people because of the deaths of their leaders and it caused problems.
Hobbamock was a guide for the Pilgrims when they explored places to settle the new people that were coming to the colony. At the celebration, about 90 Wampanoags joined in the feast, and I believe that Hobbamock was included in the group. Did you have to travel far to participate in the first Thanksgiving? I traveled just down the beach from Manomet to Plimoth for the first celebration of the harvest.
It took me one hour to get there. What other activities occurred at the Thanksgiving feast besides eating? The Wampanoags engaged in games of skill, such as lacrosse and football, but were unable to entice the English to join in the games.
What did you wear to the feast? I wore my finest deerskin shirt and leggings. The shirt was decorated with the purple shells from the quahog that we got from Popponesset Bay. Wampanoag Tribe Who were the Wampanoags? The Wampanoag people were Eastern Woodland people who spoke a dialect of the Algonquin language.
While many of the words are similar, there are dialectal differences.
- Native American Perspective: Fast Turtle, Wampanoag Tribe Member
- Differing Views of Pilgrims and Native Americans in Seventeenth-Century New England
- The Pilgrims
The tribes are located from Canada to South Carolina and west to Wisconsin. We are hunters and gatherers and actually cultivated crops such as corn, squash, and beans.
6 Thanksgiving Myths and the Wampanoag Side of the Story
We lived close to the ocean and relied heavily on fish and game for our sustenance. We were a friendly people and enjoyed good relations with the other tribes that lived near us. Some of these tribes are the Massachusetts, the Punkapogs, the Narragansett, and the Nipmuck tribes. The Wampanoags were here thousands of years before the Pilgrims arrived in Plimoth. When the Pilgrims landed in Plimoth, they landed in the midst of Wampanoag territory and spread their settlements throughout the area.
Today, there are still Wampanoag people who live on their land in Mashpee, Gay Head, and other areas in southeastern Massachusetts. How did the Wampanoag migrate to North America? I do not know the migration path that the tribes in the Northeast used. However, there is evidence that we have been here for more than 10, years.
What does the word Wampanoag mean in English? Wampanoag means "land where the sun comes up first. How many people were in your tribe?
There were more than 5, Wampanoag people.
6 Thanksgiving Myths and the Wampanoag Side of the Story - dayline.info
Many of our people died from disease brought over by the white man. Later the Wampanoags developed immunity to most of those diseases.
What is it like belonging to a tribal group? I am very proud to be a Wampanoag. We have the ocean, bays, rivers, and lakes, which are filled with fish. My family has a good home and we are happy with our Wampanoag way of life. What are some the names of your neighboring tribes? To the west of us are the Narragansett tribe and the Pequot tribe. To the north are the Passamaquoddy, Penobscot, and the Malisite tribes.
To the northwest are the Nipmuck and the Mohawk tribes. We are all part of the Algonquin-language group, but speak different dialects of that language. How did the Wampanoags travel around?
The Wampanoag people traveled mostly by foot. They moved from their winter homes, which were well inland, to a place where they planted their crops in the early spring.
After a month or so at the fields, they packed up and moved closer to the ocean, where they caught herring, clams, oysters, and lobster. Sometimes they had clambakes for the entire tribe during the warm days of summer. They played games, swam in the ocean, and rejuvenated themselves after the long hard winter. In the fall at harvest time, they retraced their steps and harvested their crops and prepared for the winter.
Finally, they moved back to their winter place to complete the cycle. Did the Wampanoags have horses in their villages? The Wampanoags did not have horses before the Europeans came to these shores. What is your chief's name? My chief's name is Osamequin. Osamequin means "Yellow Feather.
The Pilgrims - HISTORY
Massasoit is the Wampanoag word for sachem, or chief. He is the Grand Sachem of the Wampanoag people. Who was the greatest chief of all times? The greatest Wampanoag chief was Osamequin. What was the most popular Indian name? A popular Indian name was Tisquantum, from which the name Squanto derived.
How many Indian tribes are there in all? There are more than federally recognized Indian tribes in the United States, and many more that do not have treaties with the United States. In New England, where the Wampanoag people live, there are 15 Indian tribes. Most of them have land near the ocean. How did the Wampanoag people communicate without having television, radio, or computers? The Wampanoag people had a communication system that is still used today. They relied on the spoken word and symbols that told a story and sometimes recorded history.
Sometimes they used drums to send messages to tribe members who were some distance away. Smoke signals were also used. The young men were trained in running long distances.
The training gave them endurance and strength to carry messages from one place to another. It is hard to imagine a world without TV, radio, and computers, but the Wampanoag children did just fine without them. They hunted and fished, built wigwams and canoes. They did things that were necessary for survival. What group of people were the first to make contact with the Wampanoags?
The first foreign people to come visit my people were the Viking explorers. That is when we first saw metal weapons and tools. The size of their boats just blew our minds. It was a very memorable experience. Daily Needs of the Wampanoag What are the natural resources that you used to help meet your basic needs? The Wampanoag people were close to the earth and were able to get food and clothing from animals that they hunted.
Wampanoags grew vegetables, such as corn, beans, and squash. These vegetables were called the "Three Sisters. Their shelter was made of cedar saplings and bark. This housing was called a wetu. It was quite comfortable, even in the winter. The cooking fire was inside, and the smoke was able to get out through a hole in the roof. How did the Wampanoags keep themselves clean? Where did you bathe? They used leaves or grass or other organic material to clean themselves after going to the bathroom.
They took showers when it rained, and bathed in ponds and pools almost every season, except during the extreme cold winter months. Wampanoag people were very clean. They swam in the warm weather and went to the sweat lodge in the cold weather. How did you brush your teeth? We brushed our teeth with mint leaves and short pine bristles. The mint leaves a refreshing taste in the mouth. How did you get your water? Wampanoags had a plentiful source of water. Some came from underground springs, but our main source of water was the rivers and lakes in the Massipee area.
Can you tell us about your sleeping habits? I am in the habit of going to bed when the sun goes down. I awake at sunrise and love to see the sun rise over the ocean. Morning is special to me.
How were sick people cared for? What happened to people who became really ill? Every tribe had a medicine man or medicine woman who was familiar with remedies for almost every kind of illness. The Wampanoags also had a sweat lodge which was used when illness required it. Wampanoag Children Did Wampanoag children receive their education in a formal school-type atmosphere? Was education different for boys than girls? We did not have school in the same way you have school.
We had no TV, computers, visual aids, radios, or school buses. Before the English came to these shores, Wampanoag children learned how to do things by watching their parents or tribal elders. The village was the classroom, and the extended family was the teacher. The young girls learned from following their mothers, aunts, and elders of the community.
They watched their mothers gather wood, light fires, and cook the food for the family. They also learned how to stretch and tan leather for clothing and also how to sew. They learned how to gather food and berries, plant crops, tan leather from animal skins, make a wigwam, and cook.
The learning sometimes took long hours and over many years before the girls grew into young women and had their own families. Young boys learned at the side of their fathers, uncles, and tribal elders. The adults taught us about the seasons, what animals were good, where the fish were located and how to catch them.
We became proficient with the bow and arrow and spear and learned to run long distances. For boys, our jobs were to be good hunters, fisherman, and protectors of the Wampanoag territory. So the answer to your question is that the Wampanoag lived in a different environment that called for a drastically different way of learning what was necessary to survive.
As kids, we played games that developed our skills and body coordination. We also learned endurance so that we could travel long distances in preparation for future endeavors. Do Wampanoag girls and boys help with the corn planting? Young girls and boys are taught how to gather rocks and sit in the corn watch to drive away birds and animals that get into the garden to steal the seeds.
A corn watch is a tower erected near the cornfields. What games did Wampanoag girls and boys play? Early on, both boys and girls played many games that developed their hand and eye coordination, so they could develop other skills as they grew older. Some of the games were the ring and pin game, lacrosse, football, swimming games, and long-distance running races. All of these games were used to develop endurance, accuracy, and precision. Did Wampanoag children have pets back in the s?
Wampanoag children had pets such as dogs, which were used for hunting and protection of the village, rabbits, skunk, and some other wild animals that they could train. The children had to keep a sharp eye on their pets lest they wind up in someone's pot for supper. If a skunk was going to become a pet, it had to be de-scented first. After that, the skunk was a delightful friend. They did not have pigs or domesticated cats. Baby bears also made good pets while they were small, but when they got older there were two problems.
One, big bears ate a lot of food. Two, as they got larger they became dangerous. They were returned to the wild. When you were a boy, what was the hardest thing in life? As a Wampanoag boy, the hardest thing in life was keeping warm in the winter. To prepare for the harsh months, my family worked hard all year to make sure there was enough clothing and blankets to keep us warm when the snow fell. We had to help the tribal adults gather food that could be stored and saved for those hard months.
We learned the habits of the winter animals so that we could track them in the snow so we could have meat and fur in the winter. It was my job to gather and store wood for the fire we used for heating and cooking. We had a busy life just to survive. We also had games to keep us occupied so that we would not be bored stiff. Our elders were great storytellers who gave us the history of our tribe and great stories about our hunters and warriors.
Why did year-old boys have to go out by themselves and live in the woods? If their trainer felt that a Wampanoag boy was ready, when the boy was 11 or 12, he was tested to determine if his hunting skills were developed.
This was his school, and hunting was a very important lesson to learn. Food and Hunting How did the Wampanoags get their food?
Did the Wampanoags ever face starvation? Traditionally, the Wampanoag women planted food crops such as beans, corn, and squash. These were staple foods that could remain edible for many months. The Wampanoags also grew potatoes, which were another hearty food that would keep well in the winter months.
In addition we were great hunters and fishermen who fed our families deer, rabbit, woodchuck, and duck, as well as all sorts of fish. The saltwater bays near the ocean provided food such as quahogs, clams, oysters, and mussels.
We always knew what was in season so that we never went hungry or faced starvation. Wampanoags were also great cooks.
Even the men knew how to make a clambake big enough to feed the whole tribe. For desserts, there were wild strawberries, plums, cranberries, and other wild fruit. Life was good before the Europeans came, and we enjoyed all the bounties provided to us by the Great Spirit. Occasionally, we would have a feast to thank the Great Spirit for the generous bounties he bestowed upon us. After the Europeans settled on our land, many changes took place which affected all the Wampanoags.
What kinds of food did the Wampanoag like to eat? The Wampanoags ate all kinds of game animals, including deer, bear, rabbit, woodchuck, skunk, turtle, and squirrel. In addition, the Wampanoag ate a wide variety of fish. Mashpee Lake contained bass, pickerel, sunfish, and perch. In the spring, herring would darken the Mashpee River; there were so many of them, one could catch the herring with one's hands.
Also, in Popponessett Bay, there was an abundance of shellfish, including quahogs, oysters, clams, and mussels. The bay was also filled with eels, which are delicious when cooked right, and lobster, crabs, flatfish, scup, and occasionally sea bass.
Wampanoags also liked pheasant, wild duck, and the geese from up north. What are the "Three Sisters? The corn grew, and the beans used the corn stalk to climb, and the squash just spread out to the side.
What kind of corn do you eat? I eat crystal white corn, which was a special strain of corn grown in Mashpee. Describe a typical hunt. I was sent out on a hunting expedition to gather meat for our tribe. I left just before the full moon in order to have light at night for traveling and hunting. I was after deer and moose, although I would have liked to encounter a black bear.
I also wanted to be able to find any of these animals close to home so that I would not have to carry the animal so far.
A moose or bear are very heavy and would require much strength to carry them back home. Before the hunt, my friends and I offered a prayer for the animals that we were going to kill. We know that even the animals have spirits and we want them to know that we have respect for the life they are about to give up for our tribe.
Our hunting party got a deer and a bear on this trip, and we made sure that we used all parts of the animals. We stripped the fur for clothing and for blankets. The meat was carefully packed to take back to our village. The bear grease was saved for cooking and medicinal purposes.
On the third day, our hunt was over, and we returned to camp with enough food to feed the entire village.
The Medicine Man said a prayer to thank the Great Spirit for a successful hunt. Are you a hunter? I am a great hunter and have learned to hunt for food since I was a little boy. My father and my uncles taught me to hunt and fish for food for the tribe.
Game is plentiful in Mashpee, and we learned the habits of the animals as part of our training. We also learned not to kill any animal unless it was going to be eaten for food. Before we kill an animal, we offer a prayer to the Great Spirit and pay our respects to the animal.
If the Great Spirit guides our arrow straight, then we make sure to use all parts of the animal. The tribe eats the meat, the bones are used for tools, and the skin is used for moccasins or clothing. Thus, we have paid our respects to the animal. Do Wampanoags use guns for hunting and for protection? Wampanoags do not have guns. We use bows and arrows and clubs for hunting and for protecting our territory.
How were deer hunted? The Wampanoag people are very respectful of anything that has a life, including deer. We only hunt deer when there is a need for food.
A prayer is offered for the deer, and then the hunt begins. When a deer comes into range, the hunter shoots with great accuracy to bring the deer down with as little pain as possible.
When the deer is processed, the Wampanoags use every part of the animal. The hide is used for clothing or moccasins, the meat for food for the tribe, and the horns and hooves are used for tools.
A prayer is offered to the Great Spirit to thank him for the deer. Are there any buffalo near your home? What kinds of animals do you hunt for food? There are no buffalo near Mashpee. They are located in the plains of the West, where they have plenty of grass and grain to eat.
Near Mashpee, we have bear, deer, moose, wild turkey, rabbit, woodchuck, skunk, and birds of all kinds. We use all of these for food, and the skins of some animals for clothing and shelter.
How did the Wampanoags make rope for their hunting snares? Who made the snares, men or women? The Wampanoags were able to weave the rope out of hemp and tall grass. You probably saw woven mats inside the wetu. Both men and women were very proficient in making the snares, although the men were the ones who usually tended the traps to get the animals caught in the snares. Animals such as beaver, woodchuck, rabbit, and other small animals were caught this way.
What are your favorite foods? My favorite food is lobster, stuffed with blue claw crab taken fresh from Popponessett Bay.6 Misconceptions About Native American People - Teen Vogue
To go along with this, I will have fresh yellow corn, potatoes, and wild onions. As an appetizer, I will have steamed clams with a few mussels thrown in. For dessert, I will have Indian pudding. This is not a meal to hurry. The meal is served over a three- or four-hour period, with adequate time to nap. How were your canoes made? The Wampanoags made two types of canoes.
The one you saw at Plimoth Plantation at the Wampanoag Village was a wooden dugout canoe. It is made by selecting a large, wide-girth pine tree that is then carved out. We don't have metal axes, so the primary method of making the canoe is by burning out the inside. Once the fires are lit, they must be carefully tended lest they burn a hole on the boat. After many countless days of burning and gouging, the canoe is ready for launching. It is very heavy, but once in the water it is good transportation.
The other type of canoe that the Wampanoags used were made of supple cedar or ash saplings. These were bent into shape and covered with bark from a white birch tree.
The bark was sewn with deerskin leather and sealed with pine pitch. This made a very swift boat that could travel long distances. Tools and Weapons How do you make your tools? The Wampanoags used many things to make tools. We made our tools out of things that were available around us. For example, we used quahog shells to scrape leather, squash gourds, hold water, and manipulate animal horns and bones into tools.
Rocks and shale were used to make axes or tomahawks. Certain types of stone could be used to make arrows for bows or flint for making fire. How do you use your weapons? What are your weapons like?
Wampanoag men protect their villages. They learn how to make and use things like bows and arrows as toys when they are little. As they grow older and develop their skills, they learn how to use these for hunting and then for protection against enemies. They also know how to make knives from sharp rocks and shale. They also use roots and rocks to make war clubs.
How sharp were your arrows? What materials were they made from? Our arrows were very sharp. They were made of flintstone, rocks, and shells. Knives were made of sharp shells or flintstone and sometimes bones of animals. How did you make your pots and pans? Wampanoags made clay pottery. Some vessels were used to carry water, others were used for cooking. Before the English came, we did not have metal pots for cooking. If we needed to cook something, we cooked over a fire. Differing Views of Pilgrims and Native Americans in Seventeenth-Century New England by torin Background Wampanoags Much of what is known about early Wampanoag history comes from archaeological evidence, the Wampanoag oral tradition much of which has been lostand documents created by seventeenth-century English colonists.
The Wampanoag people have lived in southeastern New England for thousands of years. In there were as many as 12, Wampanoag who lived in forty villages. Both oral tradition and archaeological evidence suggests that Native peoples lived in the area for 10, years.
Wampanoag means "People of the Dawn" in the Algonquian language. There were sixty-seven tribes and bands of the Wampanoag Nation. Three epidemics swept across New England between andkilling many Native peoples. Some villages were entirely wiped out such as Patuxet. When the colonists we now call Pilgrims arrived inthere were fewer than 2, Wampanoag. After English colonists settled in Massachusetts, epidemics continued to reduce the Wampanoag to 1, by Today there are 3, Wampanoag who are organized in five groups: One band of Wampanoag, led by Sachem or leader Massasoit, made an alliance with these colonists.
The Wampanoag population had been greatly reduced by epidemics. The Wampanoag believed that the colonists, with their powerful weapons, could be an ally in the case of a Narragansett attack. The colonists also could benefit from the alliance. The colonists actively worked to convert the Wampanoag to Christianity.
Those who did convert were called "praying Indians. For example, colonists let their livestock run loose and destroy Wampanoag crops. Inhostilities broke out in the town of Swansea. Essential Question How did the colonists and Wampanoags view land, nature, and life differently, and how could these differences lead to misunderstandings and conflict? A primary source is a document or other source of information that was created at or near the time being studied and was written by an authoritative source, usually one with direct personal knowledge of the events being described.
Often, primary sources are inaccurate, incomplete, lost, or written decades after an event. They can be filled with bias. Participants in an event may misunderstand the event or misrepresent it. Some cultures did not have written records. Therefore, analyzing sources often raises more questions than answers!
A secondary source is written by someone who has carefully studied a topic, usually using primary sources. In studying history, we use all possible resources available, including both primary and secondary sources, to try to understand the past. As students look at primary sources, there are three types of questions to ask.
When students are just beginning to analyze and interpret sources, questions 2 and 3 are often combined. What do you notice? What do you already know? What does this source suggest about our topic? Students will analyze primary and secondary sources, in an effort to identify views of early European colonists and indigenous peoples concerning land, nature, and way of life.
Students will discuss the differing views of the colonists and the Wampanoag and how these views led to conflict. Materials Wampanoag Sources Sewall, Marcia. This book has been used with 1st—6th grades. Thunder from the Clear Sky Levy, Janey. A "Relation" is a story or an account.