Native Americans and Europeans Facts for Kids -
We look at the early history of relations between European settlers in The first recorded meetings between Europeans and the Indians of the. Native Americans and Europeans. When Christopher Columbus landed in the Caribbean in , native tribes there believed the visitors were powerful spirits. that the relations between the English settlers and Native Americans were far The arrival of the Europeans meant a drastic change for the Native Americans.
Indian tribes shared a highly developed system of trade. They traded goods over a wide area. The first recorded meetings between Europeans and the Indians of the East Coast took place in the fifteen hundreds. They hunted for whales along the east coast of North America.
American Indians at European Contact | NCpedia
They set up camps and often traded with the local Indians. The Europeans often paid Indians to work for them. Both groups found this relationship to be successful.
On several occasions, different groups of fishermen tried to establish a permanent settlement on the coast. The severe winters, however, made it impossible, so the camps were only temporary.
American Indians at European Contact
The first permanent European settlers in New England began arriving in sixteen twenty. They wanted to live in peace with the Indians. They needed to trade with them for food. The settlers also knew that because they were so few in number, a battle with the Indians would result in their own quick defeat. Yet problems began almost immediately.
Perhaps the most serious was the difference in the way that the Indians and the Europeans thought about land. This difference created problems that would not be solved during the next several hundred years. Owning land was extremely important to the European settlers. In England, and most other countries, land meant wealth. Owning large amounts of land meant that a person had great wealth and political power.
Many of the settlers who came to North America could never have owned land back home in Europe. They were too poor.
And they belonged to religious minorities. When they arrived in the new world, they discovered that no one seemed to own the huge amounts of land. Companies in England needed to find people willing to settle in North America. So they offered land to anyone who would take the chance of crossing the Atlantic.
For many, it was a dream come true. It was a way to improve their lives. The land gave the European settlers a chance to become wealthy and powerful. On the other hand, the Indians believed that no one could own land.
They believed, however, that anyone could use it. Anyone who wanted to live on a piece of land and grow crops could do so. The American Indians lived with nature. They understood the land and the environment.Period 1: Interaction Between Europeans and Native Americans
They did not try to change it. They might grow crops in an area for a few years. Then they would move on. They would allow the land on which they had farmed to become wild again.
American History: A New World Clash of Cultures
They might hunt on one area of land for some time, but again they would move on. They hunted only what they could eat, so populations of animals could continue to increase. Over the next years, those numbers dropped by 90 percent.
They viewed Native Americans as a wild, godless people. Europeans wanted to teach them European ways of dressing, eating, living, and learning.
[Indian] Relationships With The Europeans
Missionaries tried to convert Native Americans to their religions. European settlers often had disputes with Native Americans over land. The Native Americans, with their swords, knives, and bows and arrows, were no match for European guns. Many Native Americans died in combat.
Thousands more died from diseases, such as smallpox, measles, mumps, influenza, chickenpox, and tuberculosis, brought by the Europeans. Those deemed less dangerous became bound servants in the colonies to alleviate the perpetual labor shortage. Natives, who fifty years earlier had called the whole New England area their home, to be held in common with their brothers, were restricted to reservations.
The more fortunate of them were allowed to be tenant farmers or to work as hired hands. In the s, they had numbered around 75, people. Their people had lived in New England for thousands of years. By the s, decimated by disease, alcohol, and wars with the settlers, their numbers had dropped to 20, only half the number of the new European settlers. One further notorious clash between Native Americans and settlers in the colonial period occurred on February 29,during a time when many tribes had sided with the French in the fight between French and English over the domination of northern New England.
A company of 28 Frenchmen and Native Americans launched an attack on Deer- field, Massachusetts, a town of three hundred residents, twenty miles south of what is now Vermont. Forty-eight Deerfield residents were killed, and were taken hostage. Oxford University Press, American Indians and Christian Missions.
University of Chicago Press, Native People of Southern New England. University of Oklahoma Press, Michigan State University Press, The Invasion of America. University of North Carolina Press, Indian Slavery in Colonial Times.
Columbia University Press, The Heath Anthology of American Literature. Red, White, and Black: The Peoples of Early America. University Press of New England, Portrait of a Puritan Town, Carla Gardina Pestana and Sharon V. Records of the Governor and Company of the Massachusetts Bay.
Greenwood Press, Westport, Connecticut,