Perseus - Wikipedia
Achilles was the son of Peleus by the nymph Thetis, the daughter of the sea god Nereus. Peleus was the son of Aeacus, the son of Zeus by the nymph Aegina. Perseus was a Greek demigod, son of Zeus and the mortal princess Danaë, and one of the only heroes in Greek mythology to have a happy ending. Perseus'. In Greek mythology, Perseus is the legendary founder of Mycenae and of the Perseid dynasty, Origin at Argos. Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danaë , the daughter of Acrisius, King of Argos. Disappointed by his lack of luck in having a.
The so-called Snake Goddess from Knossos possibly presents the Great Goddess as she was conceived of within Minoan culture.
Danae and Zeus: A Love Story From Greek Mythology
We need to be careful not to read into the snakes held by this figure malevolent forces associated with serpents in the stories like the Garden of Eden and Medusa, that dominate in western culture. The serpent is a totem of the cycles of life, death and rebirth and the seasons.
It is the connection to the fertile earth and to the underworld. It also symbolizes immortality as it was thought to shed its skin indefinitely. The unity of the Great Goddess becomes divided in Greek mythology. Many scholars argue that this division occurs with the introduction of a new culture and religious imagination. Indo-Europeans like the so-called Dorians who apparently invaded the eastern Mediterranean during the end of the second millenium introduced the male sky gods and a much more militaristic culture.
The Olympian gods were ultimately descended from Gaea.
According to Hesiod's account of the creation of the universe presented in his Theogony, Gaea along with Tartarus and Eros, was born from Chaos, or at the same time. Without a mate she parthenogenetically bore Uranus skyOurea mountainsand Pontus sea.
With Uranus, Gaea gave birth to the Titans and Cyclopes. Gaea encouraged Cronus, the eldest Titan, to take a sickle and castrate his father Uranus. In turn, Zeus, the youngest son of Rhea, overturned his father Cronus. Although Gaea had encouraged the elevation of Zeus to king of the Olympians, she ultimately turned against him. In Greek mythology, the direct off-spring of Gaea become identified as chthonic forces from the earth that become subdued by the Olympians and their followers.
This succession myth and the ascendance of Zeus and the Olympian Gods over the chthonic powers of Gaea and her off-spring echoes the introduction of the patriarchal Indo-European sky-gods into the Mediterranean world and the subordination of the Great Goddess. Scholars examining the remains of Minoan culture have wondered whether it was a matriarchal society. There is no certainty to this conclusion, but for the historical period of Greek culture extending from at least the eighth century B.
With the supremacy of Zeus and the other Olympian gods established, Gaea's position is eclipsed.
Perseus - Son of Zeus
Demeter, the sister of Zeus, incorporates many of the aspects of the Great Goddess, while the different functions of Gaea are divided among goddesses. Under the Olympian Gods, earth and heaven are split eternally. In myth heroes and gods are created to dominate and subjugate the female and natural forces over and over again in various forms, the most common of them being gigantic snakes and serpent monsters.
Zeus came to her in the form of a shower of gold, and impregnated her.Andromeda and Perseus: The Adventures of Perseus part 3 - Greek Mythology Ep.15 - See U in History
Fearful for his future, but unwilling to provoke the wrath of the gods by killing the offspring of Zeus and his daughter, Acrisius cast the two into the sea in a wooden chest.
Mother and child washed ashore on the island of Serifoswhere they were taken in by the fisherman Dictys "fishing net"who raised the boy to manhood. Perseus believed Polydectes was less than honourable, and protected his mother from him; then Polydectes plotted to send Perseus away in disgrace. He held a large banquet where each guest was expected to bring a gift.
Perseus had no horse to give, so he asked Polydectes to name the gift; he would not refuse it. Polydectes held Perseus to his rash promise and demanded the head of the only mortal Gorgon Medusawhose gaze turned people to stone. Ovid 's account of Medusa's mortality tells that she had once been a woman, vain of her beautiful hair, who was raped by Poseidon in the Temple of Athena.
- Andromeda (mythology)
- The Mythology Behind Clash of the Titans
Following Athena's guidance,  Perseus sought the Graeaesisters of the Gorgonsto demand the whereabouts of the Hesperidesthe nymphs tending Hera's orchard. The Graeae were three perpetually old women, who had to share a single eye.
As the women passed the eye from one to another, Perseus snatched it from them, holding it for ransom in return for the location of the nymphs. From the Hesperides he received a knapsack kibisis to safely contain Medusa's head. Zeus gave him an adamantine sword a Harpe and Hades' helm of darkness to hide. Hermes lent Perseus winged sandals to fly, and Athena gave him a polished shield.
Greek and Roman Gods
Perseus then proceeded to the Gorgons' cave. In the cave he came upon the sleeping Medusa.
By viewing Medusa's reflection in his polished shield, he safely approached and cut off her head. From her neck sprang Pegasus "he who sprang" and Chrysaor "sword of gold"the result of Poseidon and Medusa's mating.
The other two Gorgons pursued Perseus,  but, wearing his helm of darkness, he escaped. From here he proceeded to visit King Atlas who had refused him hospitality; in revenge Perseus turned him to stone.
Perseus und Andromeda, c. Cassiopeia, having boasted her daughter Andromeda equal in beauty to the Nereidsdrew the vengeance of Poseidonwho sent an inundation on the land and a sea serpent, Cetuswhich destroyed man and beast.
The oracle of Ammon announced that no relief would be found until the king exposed his daughter Andromeda to the monster, and so she was fastened naked to a rock on the shore. Perseus slew the monster and, setting her free, claimed her in marriage.
Perseus rescuing Andromeda from Cetus, depicted on an amphora in the Altes MuseumBerlin Perseus married Andromeda in spite of Phineusto whom she had before been promised. At the wedding a quarrel took place between the rivals, and Phineus was turned to stone by the sight of Medusa's head that Perseus had kept. Oracle fulfilled[ edit ] The Doom Fulfilled,Southampton City Art Gallerypart of a series paintings revolving around Perseus, created by the Pre-Raphaelite artist Edward Burne-Jones Perseus then returned his magical loans and gave Medusa's head as a votive gift to Athenawho set it on Zeus ' shield which she carriedas the Gorgoneion see also: The fulfillment of the oracle was told several ways, each incorporating the mythic theme of exile.
In Pausanias  he did not return to Argos, but went instead to Larissawhere athletic games were being held. He had just invented the quoit and was making a public display of them when Acrisius, who happened to be visiting, stepped into the trajectory of the quoit and was killed: Thus the oracle was fulfilled. This is an unusual variant on the story of such a prophecy, as Acrisius' actions did not, in this variant, cause his death.