Relationship between Political Science and other Discipline
A multidisciplinary field, political science draws from some other social sciences, including sociology, economics, psychology, and anthropology. Therefore. close relationship between political science and history is natural. Contribution of economics to political science Economic condition. Economics studies the economic aspects whereas political science studies political aspects. As a mother of social sciences Sociology has close and intimate relationship with all . Sociology provides the background for the study of history.
These studies closely parallel many of the concern of sociology. Economics This field considers activity related to the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. Economics tend to see the work force as a supply of labor. Sociology consider other aspects of the workers as social makeups that can influence work situation.
Workforce comprised of individuals of various races sexes ages and religion on which any or all of this factors may affect it. Because goods and services may easily be counted and measured, economists have been able to use sophisticated mathematical and statistical analysis in their work.
But the production, distribution and assumption of goods and services also occur within the social web. Sociologists are also required to provide additional perspectives on economic life. Political science It emerged after the development of economics and focused on political philosophy and the ideals of good government.
Political scientists have come to use more numerical data such as voting records or numbers of people holding certain attitudes. They have also begun to focus on actual political behaviors more than on political philosophies.
Today the interests of political scientists study the voting behavior and public opinion formation on which they depend much on sociologists. History Some historians claim that history is a series of unique events which can only be described separately and which never form patterns or trends.
They see history as part of humanities rather than as a social science. Other historians provide comparisons across time or record, disappearing styles of life, they resemble sociologists who study the past.
Some consider political science as a branch of Sociology. State is considered as a social group hence is a subject of Sociology. Besides, there are some common topics which are being studied by both the subjects. These topics are War, Propaganda, authority, communal riots and law. With the help of both political science and sociology a new subject comes into existence which is known as political sociology.
Some political events like war are also significant social events. Thus both political science and sociology contribute to each other. But inspite of their inter-relationship and inter-dependence both the sciences differ from each other in the following way.
The Relationship of Sociology with Other Social Sciences
As a mother of social sciences sociology has close and intimate relationship with all other social sciences. Accordingly it has close relationship with history. Because present society bears symbols of past. Relationship between the two is so close and intimate that scholars like G. Von Bulow have refused to acknowledge sociology as a science distinct from history. Sociology is the science of society. It is a study of systems of social action and their inter-relations.
Sociology is a science of social groups and social institutions. History studies the important past events and incidents. It records men past life and life of societies in a systematic and chronological order. It also tries to find out the causes of past events.
It also studies the past political, social and economic events of the world. It not only studies the past but also establishes relations with present and future.
Both study the same human society. Their mutual dependence led G. At the same time one depends on the other for its own comprehension. History helps and enriches Sociology. History is the store house of knowledge from which Sociology gained a lot.
History provides materials sociologists use. History is a record of past social matters, social customs and information about different stages of life. Sociology uses this information.
Books written by historians like A. Toynbee are of great use for Sociologists. To know the impact of a particular past event sociology depends on history. Similarly Sociology also provides help to history and enriches it. A historian greatly benefited from the research conducted by Sociologists. Historians now study caste, class and family by using sociological data. Sociology provides the background for the study of history.
Now history is being studied from Sociological angle. Every historical event has a social cause or social background. To understand that historical event history need the help from Sociology and Sociology helps history in this respect.
The Relationship of Sociology with Other Social Sciences
Sociology provides facts on which historians rely on. Thus history and Sociology are mutually dependent on each other. History is now being studied from Sociological angle and Sociology also now studied from historical point of view. Historical sociology now became a new branch of Sociology which depends on history. Similarly Sociological history is another specialized subject which based on both the Sciences. But in spite of the above close relationship and inter-dependence both the sciences differ from each other from different angles which are described below.
But history deals with the past events and studies the past society. Sociology includes history within its scope. Sociology is mother of all social sciences. Hence it has close relationship with all social sciences and so also with Economics. The relationship of sociology with economics is very close, intimate and personal.
There exists close relationship between these two because economic relationships bear a close relation to social activities and relationships. Likewise social relationships are also affected by economic relationships. Economic activities to a great extent are social activities. Hence both are mutually related. It is concerned with the association of human beings. But Economics deals with economic activities of man.
It is a science of wealth and choice. It also studies the structure and functions of different economic organizations like banks, markets etc. It is concerned with the material needs of man as well as his material welfare. However, there exists a great deal of inter-relationship between these two sciences. Both are interdependent and inter-related with each other. Their inter-relationships are as follows: Economics takes the help of Sociology.
For its own comprehension economics takes the help of sociology and depends on it. Economics is concerned with material welfare of man which is common welfare. Economic welfare is a part of social welfare. For the solution of different economic problems such as inflation, poverty, unemployment etc.
At the same time society controls the economic activities of man. Economics is greatly benefited by the research conducted by Sociologists like Max-weber, Pareto etc. Some economists also consider economic change as an aspect of social change. Economic draws its generalization basing on the data provided by Sociology.
Thus economics cannot go far or develop without the help of Sociology. Similarly Sociology also takes the help from economics. Economics greatly enriches sociological knowledge. An economic factor greatly influences each and every aspects of social life. Knowledge and research in the field of economics greatly contributes to sociology.
Each and every social problem has an economic cause. For the solution of social problems like dowry, suicide etc. Sociologists take the help from economics. Marx opines economic relations constitute the foundation of Society.
The relationship between sociology and social Sciences
Economic factors play a very important role in every aspect of our social life that is why Sociologists concerned with economic institutions. For this reason Sociologists like Spencer, Weber, Durkheim and others have taken the help from economics in their analysis of social relationships.
Thus both sociology and economics are very closely related with each other. There are some problems which are being studied by both sociologists and economists.
Political Science and Other Social Sciences
Economic changes results in social changes and vice versa. However, inspite of the above closeness, inter-relationship and inter-dependence both the sciences have certain differences which are described below: Hence it is closely related to other social sciences and so also with psychology. Sociology and Psychology are very closely interlinked interrelated and interdependent.
Relationship between the two is so close and intimate that Psychologist like Karl Pearson refuses to accept both as special science. Both depend on each other for their own comprehension. Their relationship will be clear if we analyze their inter-relationship and mutual dependency. Sociology is a science of social phenomena and social relationship. It is a science of social group and social institutions.
It is a science of collective behavior. It studies human behavior in groups. But psychology is a science of mind or mental processes. It is a science of human behavior. It analyses attitudes, emotions, perception, process of learning and values of individuals and process of personality formation in society. Sociology receives help from Psychology.