study habits and academic performance of students is examined. Sample of . This implies making meaning out of recorded information either. printed or .. Chi-Square test for testing relationship between variables. Attributes. -value. The relationship between study skills and academic performance of university students . Meaning and motivation: toward a theory of personal investment. Determining the students' study habits and the relationship between their study habits and their academic performance can, therefore, According to the definition presented by Azikiwie, Bajwa et al. introduces study habits as.
It ensures the acquisition of knowledge and skills that enable individual to increase their productivity and improve their quality of life. Success as the name implies is wished for by everybody but it is not easily come by on a mere platter of gold; one must work for it through hard work and diligence. Schools, college, polytechnic and universities have no worth without student.
The student performance play an important role in producing the best quality graduates who will become great leaders and manpower for a country thus responsible for the country economic and social development, Ali et al. It has long been recognized that in the process of learning the study habits of the student plays an important role in their academic performance. Learning is reflected in the way a student respond to environment, social, emotional and physical stimuli and understands new information.
Study habits are learning tendencies that enable students to work privately. Good define the term study habits as: Going by this definition it literally means that good study habit produces positive academic performance while inefficient study habit leads to academic failure. In Nigeria, there are so many factors influencing the ability of students to cultivate effective and efficient study habit.
Ozmert emphasized the importance of environmental influence as a major factor in the development of students studying habit. In the same vein, Adetunji and Oladeji submit that the environment of most children is not conducive for studying; it is in the light of this that made some parents to prefer their children to go to boarding school for proper discipline and to inculcate better reading habit. According to Hussain secondary school students in public schools often come from economically poor and average income families.
These families face various problems causing emotional disturbance among their children. They have poor academic performance. This singular factor has caused serious damage to the achievement status to secondary school students.
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Essentially, the National Policy on education Federal Republic of Nigeria, has identified school achievement contents according to school subjects which are classified as core or elective subjects.
Good study habits are essential ingredients for excellent academic performances for every student. For study to be effective, Freeman and Mors have observed that it should be regular, intense and should cover long periods. The habits of studying must be a sustainable one, for that matter students must see the need to develop good study habits.
Although studies abound on the causative and predictive nature of factors of study habit on students academic achievement, all factors of the variables tend to focus on poor study habit while the effect is yet to be fully accessed on the nations educational development. Study habits are important as they influence the academic performance of students so parents and teachers must help in improving the study habits of students.
However, these might not be the main reasons why students perform poorly in examinations. It is clear from all indications that most secondary school students have poor study habit which might lead to poor academic performance.
Study habits are the methods of study used by students during an academic course within an appropriate environment; in other words, it is the ability of students to manage time for the successful accomplishment of academic tasks . According to the definition presented by Azikiwie, Bajwa et al. Study habits play an important role in academic success, and effective study cannot be conducted without using these skills.
Students who have better academic achievements adopt a wider utilization of these skills than those who make poor progress .
According to the statistics, about one third of university students are at risk of academic failure . Investigating the causes of academic failure of the students at the Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Dehbozorgi and Mooseli found that People who do not have enough information on study strategies will not have effective and sustainable learning practices, despite all the time that they spend studying .
In their article, Abd Khodaei and Ghaffari reported that there is a relationship between study strategies and the achievement of success in studies . Based on Pankison, Rana, and Kausar study assert that students who have more effective study habits get higher scores in comparison to students with ineffective study habits .
In various studies, the skills and habits of students have been reported differently. Parto studied the academic achievement of nursing students and identified the factors related to the academic achievement of students .
Since medical students work with a great deal of information during their studies, they need to use new strategies for organization and learning . Since there is a relationship between the study habits and the academic performances of different students, this study aimed to determine the relationship between these study habits and academic performances so that we could present recommendations for academic achievements, and the enhancement and modification of study habits in students through the investigation of study skills and the identification of the related factors.
All the students studying at the Guilan University of Medical Sciences, apart from the guest- and the transferred students who had completed only one semester, could enter the study as samples. The data collection tools included a questionnaire in two parts. PSSHI measures the students' study habits in 8 domains: According to the instructions of the questionnaire, the minimum and maximum scores were 0 and 90, respectively; scores of 60 and above were considered as the desirable study habits; scores between 31 and 59 were considered relatively desirable, and scores below 30 were considered as undesirable .
In every question in all the eight domains relating to study habits, scores between 0. The correlation coefficient between the domains was obtained as 0. Each student's Grade Point Average was used to assess their academic performance.