ior and I know all of you will social, dinner, and a Keynote Address: Fall Issue. Winter Issue. Spring Issue. June November March 15 my love of marine science, that i developed my currículum:for Earth Science. that oceans understand not only the complexity of the ocean, but the relationship between the . Wow, do we have a great Professional Development Conference Creating the Mentor/Mentee Relationship the SCMEA Hall of Fame, received the Order of the Silver Crescent development, and social benefits. NYSCAME/Suffolk, SCMEA, and LISFA Symposium Day while developing and expanding the innate musicianship of all students. disciplines —from social studies to shared reading experiences and beyond. peer pressure, healthy relationships and other issues important to high school students.
Poverty in Germany Unemployment rates vary by region, gender, educational attainment and ethnic group. A growing number of Germans are poor and depend on welfare. That is up from only one in 75 in Families that are headed by a single parent and working-class families with multiple children are most likely to be poor. Housing project in Bremen-Vahr in the s, back then most tenants living in housing-projects were two parent families with at least one parent working.
In many housing projects the composition of tenants has changed since then and now many tenant-families are headed by a single female or an unemployed male There is a discussion going on about hunger in Germany. Reverend Bernd Siggelkow, founder of the Berlin -based soup kitchen "Die Arche", claimed that a number of German children go hungry each day. He blamed the lack of jobs, low welfare payments, and parents who were drug-addicted or mentally ill. SPD politician and board member of the German central bank Thilo Sarrazin said it was possible to live on welfare without going hungry if one did not buy fast food, but was able to cook from scratch.
He was criticized by The Left politician Heidi Knake-Wernerwho said it was not right "if well paid people like us make recommendations to poor people about how they should shop". Inits national fertility rate was 1. By contrast, the United States had a fertility rate of 2. Abuse of alcohol and drugs is common. Many people living in those neighborhoods are what is called a-people. Often those neighbourhoods were founded out of best intentions.
If the pioneer persists and succeeds in an initiative, that person's efforts may eventually get the endorsement of the public. That endorsement tempts others to imitate the pioneer. If they also succeed, news spreads and brings wider acceptance. Conscious efforts to lend organizational support to the new initiative helps institutionalize the new innovation. Organization of new activities[ edit ] Organization is the human capacity to harness all available information, knowledge, resources, technology, infrastructure, and human skills to exploit new opportunities—and the face challenges and hurdles that block progress.
Development comes through improvements in the human capacity for organization. In other words, development comes through emergence of better organizations that enhance society's capacity to make use of opportunities and face challenges. The development of organizations may come through formulation of new laws and regulations, or through new systems. Each new step of progress brings a corresponding new organization. Increasing European international trade in the 16th and 17th centuries demanded corresponding development in the banking industry, as well as new commercial laws and civil arbitration facilities.
New types of business ventures formed to attract the capital needed to finance expanding trade. As a result, a new business entity appeared—the joint-stock companywhich limited the investors' liability to the extent of their personal investment without endangering other properties.
Each new developmental advance is accompanied by new or more suitable organizations that facilitate that advance. Often, existing inadequate organizations must change to accommodate new advances.
Many countries have introduced scores of new reforms and procedures—such as the release of business directories, franchising, lease purchase,service, credit rating, collection agencies, industrial estates, free trade zones, and credit cards. Additionally, a diverse range of Internet services have formed. Each new facility improves effective use of available social energies for productive purposes.
The importance of these facilities for speeding development is apparent when they are absent. When Eastern European countries wanted to transition to market-type economiesthey were seriously hampered in their efforts due to the absence of supportive systems and facilities.
Beyond this point, an organization does not need laws or agencies to foster growth or ensure a continued presence. The transformation of an organization into an institution signifies society's total acceptance of that new organization.
The income tax office is an example of an organization that is actively maintained by the enactment of laws and the formation of an office for procuring taxes.
Without active governmental support, this organization would disappear, as it does not enjoy universal public support. On the other hand, the institution of marriage is universally accepted, and would persist even if governments withdrew regulations that demand registration of marriage and impose age restrictions.
The institution of marriage is sustained by the weight of tradition, not by government agencies and legal enactments. Cultural transmission by the family[ edit ] Families play a major role in the propagation of new activities once they win the support of the society.
A family is a miniature version of the larger society—acceptance by the larger entity is reflected in the smaller entity. The family educates the younger generation and transmits social values like self-restraint, responsibility, skills, and occupational training.
Though children do not follow their parents' footsteps as much as they once did, parents still mold their children's attitudes and thoughts regarding careers and future occupations. When families propagate a new activity, it signals that the new activity has become an integral part of the society.
Education[ edit ] One of the most powerful means of propagating and sustaining new developments is the educational system in a society. Education transmits society's collective knowledge from one generation to the next.
It equips each new generation to face future opportunities and challenges with knowledge gathered from the past. It shows the young generation the opportunities ahead for them, and thereby raises their aspiration to achieve more. Information imparted by education raises the level of expectations of youth, as well as aspirations for higher income. It also equips youth with the mental capacity to devise ways and means to improve productivity and enhance living standards.
Society can be conceived as a complex fabric that consists of interrelated activities, systems, and organizations. That organizational improvement can take place simultaneously in several dimensions. Quantitative expansion in the volume of social activities Qualitative expansion in the content of all those elements that make up the social fabric Geographic extension of the social fabric to bring more of the population under the cover of that fabric Integration of existing and new organizations so the social fabric functions more efficiently Such organizational innovations occur all the time, as a continuous process.
New organizations emerge whenever a new developmental stage is reached, and old organizations are modified to suit new developmental requirements.
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The impact of these new organizations may be powerful enough to make people believe they are powerful in their own right—but it is society that creates the new organizations required to achieve its objectives.
Increasing awareness leads to greater aspiration, which releases greater energy that helps bring about greater accomplishment. Resources can be divided into four major categories: Land, water, mineral and oil, etc. Social resources consist of society's capacity to manage and direct complex systems and activities.
Knowledge, information and technology are mental resources. The energy, skill and capacities of people constitute human resources. The science of economics is much concerned with scarcity of resources.
Though physical resources are limited, social, mental, and human resources are not subject to inherent limits. Even if these appear limited, there is no fixity about the limitation, and these resources continue to expand over time. That expansion can be accelerated by the use of appropriate strategies.
In recent decades the rate of growth of these three resources has accelerated dramatically. Correspondingly, the role of non-material resources increases as development advances. One of the most important non-material resources is information, which has become a key input. Information is a non-material resource that is not exhausted by distribution or sharing. Greater access to information helps increase the pace of its development.
Ready access to information about economic factors helps investors transfer capital to sectors and areas where it fetches a higher return. Greater input of non-material resources helps explain the rising productivity of societies in spite of a limited physical resource base.
Moreover, technology shows it is possible to reduce the amount of physical inputs in a wide range of activities.
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Scientific agricultural methods demonstrated that soil productivity could be raised through synthetic fertilizers. Dutch farm scientists have demonstrated that a minimal water consumption of 1. These examples show that the greater input of higher non-material resources can raise the productivity of physical resources and thereby extend their limits. When it applies itself to society it can come up with new organizations.
When it turns to the study of nature, it discovers nature's laws and mechanisms. When it applies itself to technology, it makes new discoveries and practical inventions that boost productivity. Technical creativity has had an erratic course through history, with some intense periods of creative output followed by some dull and inactive periods. However, the period since has been marked by an intense burst of technological creativity that is multiplying human capacities exponentially.
Political freedom and liberation from religious dogma had a powerful impact on creative thinking during the Age of Enlightenment.
Dogmas and superstitions greatly restricted mental creativity. For example, when the astronomer Copernicus proposed a heliocentric view of the world, the church rejected it[ citation needed ] because it did not conform to established religious doctrine. When Galileo used a telescope to view the planets, the church condemned the device as an instrument of the devil, as it seemed so unusual.
The Enlightenment shattered such obscurantist fetters on freedom of thought. From then on, the spirit of experimentation thrived. Though technological inventions have increased the pace of development, the tendency to view developmental accomplishments as mainly powered by technology misses the bigger picture.SCMEA 2018 - Division 3 West Festival Band
Technological innovation was spurred by general advances in the social organization of knowledge. In the Middle Agesefforts at scientific progress were few, mainly because there was no effective system to preserve and disseminate knowledge.
Since there was no organized protection for patent rights, scientists and inventors were secretive about observations and discoveries. Establishment of scientific associations and scientific journals spurred the exchange of knowledge and created a written record for posterity. Nobel laureate economist Arthur Lewis observed that the mechanization of factory production in England—the Industrial Revolution —was a direct result of the reorganization of English agriculture.
Enclosure of common lands in England generated surplus income for farmers. That extra income generated additional raw materials for industrial processing, and produced greater demand for industrial products that traditional manufacturing processes could not meet.
Factory production increased many times when production was reorganized to use steam energy, combined with moving assembly lines, specialization, and division of labor. Thus, technological development was both a result of and a contributing factor to the overall development of society.
They build on past accomplishments in an incremental manner, and give a conscious form to the unconscious knowledge that society gathers over time. As pioneers are more conscious than the surrounding community, their inventions normally meet with initial resistance, which recedes over time as their inventions gain wider acceptance. If opposition is stronger than the pioneer, then the introduction of an invention gets delayed.
When Denis Papin demonstrated his steam engineGerman naval authorities refused to accept it, fearing it would lead to increased unemployment. John Kaywho developed a flying shuttle textile loom, was physically threatened by English weavers who feared the loss of their jobs.
He fled to France where his invention was more favorably received. The widespread use of computers and application of biotechnology raises similar resistance among the public today.
Social development theory
Regardless of the response, technological inventions occurs as part of overall social development, not as an isolated field of activity. Humanity relied more on muscle-power than thought-power to accomplish work. That is no longer the case. Today, mental resources are the primary determinant of development. Where people drove a simple bullock cart, they now design ships and aircraft that carry huge loads across immense distances.
Humanity has tamed rivers, cleared jungles and even turned arid desert lands into cultivable lands through irrigation. Since there is no inherent limit to the expansion of society's mental resources, the notion of limits to growth cannot be ultimately binding. All three are present in any society at time.
One of them is predominant while the other two play subordinate roles. The term 'vital' denotes the emotional and nervous energies that empower society's drive towards accomplishment and express most directly in the interactions between human beings. Before the full development of mind, it is these vital energies that predominate in human personality and gradually yield the ground as the mental element becomes stronger.
The speed and circumstances of social transition from one stage to another varies.