Patrick Henry - Wikipedia
Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, , at Shadwell plantation in Before long, he was known to stand with Patrick Henry as one of the leading . It was also during these years that Jefferson's relationship with Sally Hemings began. To Patrick Henry Albemarle, March 27, The Letters of Thomas Jefferson. Sir, and the public relation in which I stand to the people among whom they are . Patrick Henry (May 29, – June 6, ) was an American attorney, planter, and orator . Jefferson in told Daniel Webster, "Patrick Henry was originally a .. Mason and Henry would form a close political relationship that would last until .. Thomas Jefferson led the committee of notables sent to inform him of his .
And this is why, Mr. Henry, again, my bill does not deny nor prohibit any people, any church, any congregation to support their poor houses and asylums or to support academies of learning should they choose. And indeed if the people see fit to support asylums and poor houses, they certainly are free to do so within their native vicinities.
In fact, amongst the various revisals of the ancient monarchical code of Virginia, Mr. Wythe and myself have suggested that the public be free to put forth monies for the erection of poor houses, that this is necessary in the maintenance of a civil society. Henry, do not think that my effort to dislodge the ecclesiastical law with the civil authority is an effort to deny the people the right to support asylums, poor houses, or institutions of learning.
Jefferson, you are deceiving our countrymen who are listening to us at this present time. You speak as though there are vast numbers of Catholics and Hebrews within our country — there are not, sir!
Now at such time in future as their numbers increase — and I pray that they will — why then, they, too, will be able to put monies forth towards the religions of their own choosing. But recall, sir, here in Virginia, this great country of Virginia was established not by religionists, but by Christians, not on religion but on the gospel of Jesus Christ, and for that reason alone people of other faiths do have the freedom to worship here.
I speak of the Virginia Declaration of Rights — God-given rights, that cannot be taken away by government at any time in future. Now, the chief architect of that bill, as you know full well, was our close friend Colonel George Mason. Henry, we have more in common than you might think.
I do not deny the virtue, the morals of Christian principles, and yet it is not the duty of our government, it is not the duty of any bill of rights to assert that one particular religious opinion should be held over any others.
Henry, you make mention that we have been founded as a Christian nation, should we not make more sense to say that this land has been settled by so many, so many who have sought these shores as a promised land, those of the oppressed kingdoms of Europe and about the globe, who have come here, sir, to prosper, to pursue their happiness, let alone the acquisition of property and to provide influence accordingly.
Henry, shall oppressed humanity find no asylum upon this globe — Christian or otherwise? Henry, who provides such an asylum here in now these United States of America, we all agree, yes, our Creator, Divine Providence. Henry, we should not assume that as the [head of the] family of man He is to recognize one particular religious opinion over another. He is the God of all. And, so, we are blessed here, as His family of Man, there has been no greater representation of such a diversity of this family than here now in these United States of America, Mr.
To Patrick Henry Albemarle, March 27, 1779
And though you say there may not be so many Catholics here in Virginia, nor so many Hebrews, Mr. Henry, let us venture northwards beyond the north border of Virginia into Maryland, and what will we see — a predominance of Catholics settled there. And who is to say that there may be far many more Hebrews in the city of Philadelphia or the city New York than we are to see certainly in Norfolk or Richmond.
And what shall happen in time? Henry, upon that point we are agreed. Should there become more Catholics settled here in Virginia, more Hebrews, well then you say and I agree, well then yes, the citizen body should have their opinion and their vote recognized. And there under your bill of assessment surely they might support their own cathedrals, their own temples.
Henry, I believe we should recognize these are the United States of America. We are governed by one federal system for our protection, our safety, a system of taxation relative to the preservation of the two former. And as with you, Mr. Henry, I am very much opposed to allowing our federal system to grow any further beyond that, for we are both agreed, should the people allow it, sir, should we allow it, we might create our government to become a business unto itself, which will surely require more taxes in order to support it.
I am in favor of the maintenance of the states and their rights accordingly, the maintenance of their political economy, but Mr. Henry, we cannot deny that we were 13 individual nations that came together not only for our common safety and defense, 13 individual nations came together for the common good.
And, therefore, though there might not be so many Catholics or Hebrews here in Virginia, let us recognize that it is a natural right, it should be incorporate in a Bill of Rights for all of our states that every individual has the right to pursue their religious opinion as they choose and that no tax, no assessment should be drawn from the people to support one particular church, or one particular religious opinion over another.
Henry, I reiterate, if we allow it, we will be going backwards instead of moving forwards for the benefit of Man.
Jefferson, you are deceiving our listeners. For, you speak as though with my assessment bill, or with your bill for religious freedom, we are determining the course for our sister states.
This we are not doing, sir.
Thomas Jefferson on Patrick Henry | Thomas Jefferson Leadership
Our assessment bill dictates only the course of Virginia in future — not of Maryland, or Rhode Island, or any other place. Henry, I am purporting that the right of an individual to carry their religious opinion freely is a natural right. And therefore I am purporting that as Virginia was the first on the 15th of May, to proclaim itself free and independent of Great Britain, you, sir, were there in the venerable House of Burgesses, while I seated in Philadelphia heard this resolution but a week and a half later that Virginia might stand accordingly at the forefront for religious freedom, again, Mr.
Henry, do we not both speak on behalf of a freedom for religion. And, therefore, we do have much in common. Henry I am in the belief that as a child of 14 cannot wear the same clothes at the age of 40, our laws and institutions should grow as we grow as a people.
So, therefore let us maintain now that no tax should be taken of the people without their will, and to be expended upon the purporting and the establishing, the securing of one religious opinion.
But rather that we simply protect and defend the right of all to carry their communion with their Maker as they should choose. You sound to me sometimes, Mr. Jefferson, in your ranting, that you seem that we should have a society where there is no taxation of any sort. You certainly cannot believe that taxation is not necessary… Jefferson: No promise did they give of what was to follow. Very soon the transformation came.
No impediment now; no inarticulate utterances now. With a voice rich and full, and musical, he poured out his impassioned plea for the liberties of the people. Then soaring to one of his boldest flights, he cried out in electric tones: But never for a moment did Henry flinch. With breathless interest, Jefferson, standing in the doorway, watched the taking of the vote on the last resolution.
It was upon this resolution that the battle had been waged the hottest. It was carried by a majority of a single vote.
The Governor, however, dissolved the House for daring to pass at all the resolutions. But he could not dissolve the spirit of Henry nor the magical effect of the resolutions which had been offered.
By his intrepid action Henry took the leadership of the Assembly out of the hands which hitherto had controlled it. The resolutions as originally passed were sent to Philadelphia.
Thomas Jefferson and Patrick Henry and Henry’s Virginia Resolutions of | Foundation Truths
There they were printed, and from that center of energetic action were widely circulated throughout the Colonies. The heart of Samuel Adams and the Boston patriots were filled with an unspeakable joy as they read them.
The drooping spirits of the people were revived and the doom of the Stamp Act was sealed. Eight other colonies followed suit and had adopted similar resolves by the end of It was a result, of that system of parliamentary corruption and of court influence which at that time entered so largely into the government of England Virginia Resolves. On May 30,the House of Burgesses of Virginia came to the following resolutions: Resolved, that by two royal charters, granted by King James I, the colonists aforesaid are declared entitled to all liberties, privileges, and immunities of denizens and natural subjects to all intents and purposes as if they had been abiding and born within the Realm of England.
Resolved, that the taxation of the people by themselves, or by persons chosen by themselves to represent them, who can only know what taxes the people are able to bear, or the easiest method of raising them, and must themselves be affected by every tax laid on the people, is the only security against a burdensome taxation, and the distinguishing characteristic of British freedom, without which the ancient constitution cannot exist. The fifth item, following, was rescinded the next day.
Henry, perhaps believing that the matter would stand, had departed. The loyalist members reformed on May 31st for the purpose of removing all five resolutions, but succeeded only in removing this one. Resolved, therefor that the General Assembly of this Colony have the only and exclusive Right and Power to lay Taxes and Impositions upon the inhabitants of this Colony and that every Attempt to vest such Power in any person or persons whatsoever other than the General Assembly aforesaid has a manifest Tendency to destroy British as well as American Freedom.
The following resolves were not passed, though drawn up by the committee.
They are inserted as a specimen of the first and early energies of the Old Dominion, as Virginia is often called. Version published widely in newspapers, with additional resolution. There were also some variations from publication to publication: Resolved, That by two royal charters, granted by King James the First, the colonists aforesaid are declared entitled to all liberties, privileges, and immunities of denizens and natural subjects, to all intents and purposes, as if they had been abiding and born within the realm of England.
Resolved, That the taxation of the people by themselves, or by persons chosen by themselves to represent them, who can only know what taxes the people are able to bear, or the easiest method of raising them, and must themselves be affected by every tax laid on the people, is the only security against a burthensome taxation, and the distinguishing characteristick of British freedom, without which the ancient constitution cannot exist.