Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse) - Wikipedia
Legendary: The mystic Rasputin (centre) held court with the Tsar . in the imperial couple's affections culminated in him roaring that 'the old. In February , Tsar Nicholas II accepted the advice of his foreign minister, Rasputin's demise was Rayner through his relationship with Prince Yusupov. Grigori Rasputin was a Siberian starets (faith healer) who became an and soon acquired a reputation as a preacher, a spiritual counsellor and a faith healer. on the possibility of a sexual relationship between Rasputin and the tsarina.
By day he was a spiritual advisor to royals and aristocrats, at night he crawled the streets of the city, guzzling cheap wine and seeking out sexual conquests.
That such a creature could work his way into the palaces of the Romanovs was remarkable and worrying enough.
But by Rasputin appeared to many as a malevolent puppeteer, pulling the strings of the tsarina and manipulating the government. He had to be stopped — and stopped he was, though not without bringing considerable shame and discredit to the tsarist regime.
Alexandra Feodorovna (Alix of Hesse)
Rasputin was born in Siberia in Later accounts tell of the young Rasputin demonstrating psychic or telepathic powers, however these stories are apocryphal and not supported by evidence. Rasputin married at a young age and later embarked on a pilgrimage, traveling by foot to Greece and the Holy Lands. In late Rasputin journeyed to St Petersburg, possibly inspired by stories that the newborn tsarevich Alexei was sickly and unlikely to live.
He arrived in the capital, won over the local bishop and soon acquired a reputation as a preacher, a spiritual counsellor and a faith healer. Though she later denied this, Vryubova recommended Rasputin to the tsarina sometime in earlysuggesting that his prayers might benefit her son.
Seduced By History: Rasputin, The Tsarina and the fall of the Autocracy
Rasputin could help the little people because the important people he had helped owed him favors. She came off as very cold and curt, although according to her and many other close friends, she was only terribly shy and nervous in front of the Russian people.
She felt her feelings were bruised and battered from the Russians' "hateful" nature. She was also frowned upon by the wealthy and poor alike for her distaste for Russian culture her embrace of Orthodoxy notwithstandingwhether it was the food or the manner of dancing.
She spoke Russian with a heavy accent. Her inability to produce a son also incensed the people. After the birth of the Grand Duchess Olga, her first-born child, Nicholas was reported to have said, "We are grateful she was a daughter; if she was a boy she would have belonged to the people, being a girl she belongs to us.
The disappointment only increased with the birth of her subsequent daughters, Maria and Anastasia. When her "sunbeam", the Tsarevich Alexeiwas born, she further isolated herself from the Russian court by spending nearly all of her time with him; his haemophilia did little to distance their close relationship. She associated herself with more solitary figures such as Anna Vyrubova and the invalid Princess Sonia Orbeliani, rather than the "frivolous" young Russian aristocratic ladies.
These women were constantly ignored by the "haughty" tsarina. Tuchman in The Guns of August writes of Alexandra as tsarina: Though it could hardly be said that the Czar governed Russia in a working sense, he ruled as an autocrat and was in turn ruled by his strong-willed if weak-witted wife.
Beautiful, hysterical, and morbidly suspicious, she hated everyone but her immediate family and a series of fanatic or lunatic charlatans who offered comfort to her desperate soul.
history - Did Rasputin have an affair with Tsarina Alexandra Feodorovna? - Skeptics Stack Exchange
Through her, Alexandra was introduced to a mystic by the name of Philippe Nizier-Vachot in Philippe enjoyed a brief influence over the imperial couple, until he was exposed as a charlatan in and was expelled from Russia. Imperial interference in the canonisation process, which forced the Church to disregard the established rules regarding canonisation, led to an outcry from both laity and clergy alike. Alexandra lived mainly as a recluse during her husband's reign.
She also was reported to have had a terrible relationship with her mother-in-law, Maria Feodorovna. The Dowager Empress had tried to assist Alexandra in learning about the position of empress, but was shunned by the younger woman. Unlike other European courts of the day, in the Russian court, the position of Dowager Empress was senior in rank and precedence to that of the tsarina—a rule that Maria, with the support of Nicholas II, enforced strictly.
At royal balls and other formal Imperial gatherings, Maria would enter on her son's arm, and Alexandra would silently trail behind them according to court protocol. It did not help that Maria tended to be extremely possessive of her sons. In addition, Alexandra resented the ostentatiously considerate treatment of Maria by her husband the tsar, which only slightly evaporated after the birth of their five children.
For Maria's part, she did not approve of her son's marriage to a German bride and was appalled at her daughter-in-law's inability to win favour with the Russian people. In addition, Maria had spent seventeen years in Russia prior to her coronation with Alexander III; Alexandra had a scarce month to learn the rules of the Russian court which she seldom ever followedand this might have contributed to her unpopularity.
Alexandra at least was astute enough not to criticise openly the woman she publicly referred to as "Mother dear.
Alexandra disliked in particular the family of Nicholas's senior uncle, Grand Duke Vladimir Alexandrovichand his wife, Grand Duchess Marie Pavlovnawho, during the war, openly criticized the Empress. She considered their sons KyrillBoris and Andrei to be irredeemably immoral, and in refused Boris's proposal for the hand of Grand Duchess Olga.
Alexandra was very supportive of her husband, yet often gave him extreme advice. She was a fervent advocate of the " divine right of kings " and believed that it was unnecessary to attempt to secure the approval of the people, according to her aunt, Empress Frederick of Germanywho wrote to Queen Victoria that "Alix is very imperious and will always insist on having her own way; she will never yield one iota of power she will imagine she wields Her assassination, according to the daughter of the British ambassador, was openly spoken of in aristocratic drawing rooms as the only way of saving the Empire.
Alexandra proved to be a fertile bride and three more girls followed Olga in the next five years: Three more years passed before the Empress gave birth to the long-awaited heir: Alexei Nikolaevich was born in Peterhof on 12 August To his parents' dismay, Alexei was born with hemophiliaan incurable bleeding disease.
Having known how the disease claimed the lives of her elder brother Friedrich and her uncle Leopold, Alexandra suffered a great deal of guilt for passing down the disease to Alexei and eventually suffered what many termed as a breakdown due to the worry for her son's health.
Alexandra was determined to care for her children herself; to the shock of the Russian aristocracy, she even breast fed them. Their upbringing mirrored that of Alexandra's own. Tsarevich Alexei sits in front of his parents. Grand Duchess Olga was reportedly shy and subdued. Rasputin recovered but his drinking increased. InRasputin tried to seduce a woman at the famous Yar restaurant in Moscow. The event was witnessed--and publicized--by a journalist who was present.
All this occurred at a time when Russia was experiencing defeats at the front and serious problems at home. With Nicholas taking over command of the armies, Alexandra took a more active role in the government and her decisions were guided by Rasputin.
It was a recipe for disaster. Together, they would plot the infamous and successful assassination of the starets. Rasputin was murdered on December 29, His assassins hoped Rasputin's death would turn things around but it was already too late.
For his part, Rasputin expected assassination. He'd allegedly warned Nicholas and Alexandra that if his death came at the hands of the nobility, neither they nor their dynasty would last more than two years. In that, he was correct. Nicholas abdicated the throne on March 15, He, his wife and five children were murdered in July The year old dynasty had come to an end. All dates are new style.