Religion in Nazi Germany - Wikipedia
The Roman Catholic Church, centrally administered from Rome, posed a different problem for the Nazis, whose relationship with that church in. Popes Pius XI (–39) and Pius XII (–58) led the Roman Catholic Church through the . The revolution of and the Weimar constitution of had thoroughly reformed the former relationship between state and churches. By law . Almost all Germans were Christian, belonging either to the Roman Catholic (ca. How did Christians and their churches in Germany respond to the Nazi regime . Jewish-Christian Relations: Insights and Issues in ongoing Jewish-Christian.
It was read out to congregations in Catholic churches on March 21st Pius XI criticised the state for putting ideological beliefs before Christian ones.
Priests in Germany were warned not to criticise Hitler or the Nazi regime. In Aprilthe Pope received a communication from a Papal messenger in Berlin that priests were being openly hostile to the Nazi government: This attitude arouses not only the displeasure of the Government but gradually that of the whole people, as they are almost all enthusiastic about their leader, which makes me afraid that a painful reaction will one day follow which will divide the clergy and even the Church from the people.
On August 3rd the Catholic Church in Germany made clear its stand against euthanasia. Never under any circumstances may a human being kill an innocent person apart from in war and legitimate self-defence. No, Christianity is not dependent upon the Apostle's Creed True Christianity is represented by the party, and the German people are now called by the party and especially the Fuehrer to a real Christianity The National Reich Church claims exclusive right and control over all Churches.
The National Church is determined to exterminate foreign Christian faiths imported into Germany in the ill-omened year The National Church demands immediate cessation of the publishing and dissemination of the Bible. On the altars there must be nothing but " Mein Kampf " and to the left of the altar a sword.
- Protestant Churches and the Nazi State
- The Catholic Church and Nazi Germany
- Religion in Nazi Germany
But we claim one thing for ourselves: However, with power secured in Germany, Hitler quickly broke this promise. William Shirer wrote that "under the leadership of RosenbergBormann and Himmlerwho were backed by Hitler, the Nazi regime intended to destroy Christianity in Germany, if it could, and substitute the old paganism of the early tribal Germanic gods and the new paganism of the Nazi extremists. Roosevelt revealed evidence of Hitler's plan to abolish all religions in Germany.
The property of all churches will be seized by the Reich and its puppets.
The Catholic Church and Nazi Germany - History Learning Site
The cross and all other symbols of religion are to be forbidden. The clergy are to be forever liquidated, silenced under penalty of the concentration camps, where even now so many fearless men are being tortured because they have placed God above Hitler.
Though he occasionally spoke of wanting to delay the Church struggle and was prepared to restrain his anti-clericalism out of political considerations, his "own inflammatory comments gave his immediate underlings all the license they needed to turn up the heat in the 'Church Struggle, confident that they were 'working towards the Fuhrer'". In an 8 April entry, Goebbels wrote "He hates Christianity, because it has crippled all that is noble in humanity. Its teaching, he declared, was a rebellion against the natural law of selection by struggle and the survival of the fittest.
A Study in Tyrannyby Alan Bullock Writing for Yad Vashemthe historian Michael Phayer wrote that by the latter s, church officials knew that the long-term aim of Hitler was the "total elimination of Catholicism and of the Christian religion", but that given the prominence of Christianity in Germany, this was necessarily a long-term goal.
Nazi economic, social and racial policy
To be both was impossible. Nazism itself was a religion, a pagan religion, and Hitler was its high priest Its high altar [was] Germany itself and the German people, their soil and forests and language and traditions". Most were members of the Lutheran, Reformed, or United Churches. In each German state, the members of these denominations joined together to form a regional Protestant church.
Protestants in Germany differed not only in their religious practices but also in their political views. A few openly opposed the Nazis, while others saw themselves as neutral. Many German Protestants embraced these changes.
The German Christian movement made significant changes to German Protestantism to bring it in line with Nazi racial ideology. Instead of classifying people as Christians or Jews based on their faith, as the Protestants had always done, German Christians began to classify people by racial heritage, as the Nazis did. Therefore, church leaders whose parents or grandparents had converted from Judaism to Christianity were considered Jewish and, according to the civil service law, no longer officially permitted to serve in those positions.
Although the state never enforced this law in the churches, some German Christians forced out non-Aryan clergy to show their commitment to the regime. This law speaks to us from the history of our people.A priest who saved hundreds of Jews during WWII by disguising them as seminarians