Illinois–Indiana–Kentucky tri-state area - Wikipedia
The Kentucky Bend, variously called the New Madrid Bend, Madrid Bend or Bessie Bend, is an exclave of Fulton County, Kentucky, encircled by the states of Tennessee and Missouri. The western border of Kentucky is designated as the Mississippi River, as is the eastern border of Missouri—thus the creation of a " notch". Jackson is to Mississippi as ______is to Kentucky. Frankfort What tributary flows into the Mississippi River where Illinois, Kentucky, and Missouri meet?. The Mississippi River System, also referred to as the Western Rivers, is a mostly riverine The major tributaries are the Arkansas, Illinois, Missouri, Ohio and Red rivers. Given their flow volumes, major The Illinois River meets the Mississippi at Pere Marquette State Park, which is near Grafton. The confluence of the rivers .
Mississippi River - Wikipedia
Fears that Louisville's transshipment industry would collapse proved ill-founded: Army Corps of Engineers improvements were expanded again in the s, forming the present-day McAlpine Locks and Dam. After reaching the mouth of the Ohio, settlers would travel north on the Mississippi River to St. There, some continued on up the Missouri Riversome up the Mississippi, and some further west over land routes.
In the early 19th century, river pirates such as Samuel Masonoperating out of Cave-In-Rock, Illinoiswaylaid travelers on their way down the river.
Mississippi River System
They killed travelers, stealing their goods and scuttling their boats. The folktales about Mike Fink recall the keelboats used for commerce in the early days of European settlement.
Trading boats and ships traveled south on the Mississippi to New Orleansand sometimes beyond to the Gulf of Mexico and other ports in the Americas and Europe. This provided a much-needed export route for goods from the west, since the trek east over the Appalachian Mountains was long and arduous.
The need for access to the port of New Orleans by settlers in the Ohio Valley is one of the factors that led to the Louisiana Purchase in Because the river is the southern border of Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois, it was part of the border between free states and slave states in the years before the American Civil War.
The expression "sold down the river" originated as a lament of Upper South slaves, especially from Kentucky, who were shipped via the Ohio and Mississippi to cotton and sugar plantations in the Deep South. Harriet Beecher Stowe 's Uncle Tom's Cabinthe bestselling novel that fueled abolitionist work, was the best known of the anti-slavery novels that portrayed such escapes across the Ohio.
The times have been expressed by 20th-century novelists as well, such as the Nobel Prize -winning Toni Morrisonwhose novel Beloved was adapted as a film of the same name. She also composed the libretto for the opera Margaret Garnerbased on the life and trial of an enslaved woman who escaped with her family across the river.
The colonial charter for Virginia defined its territory as extending to the north shore of the Ohio, so that the riverbed was "owned" by Virginia.
Where the river serves as a boundary between states today, Congress designated the entire river to belong to the states on the east and south, i. Thus Wheeling Islandthe largest inhabited island in the Ohio River, belongs to West Virginia, although it is closer to the Ohio shore than to the West Virginia shore. Kentucky brought suit against Indiana in the early s because of the building of the Marble Hill nuclear power plant in Indiana, which would have discharged its waste water into the river.
Supreme Court held that Kentucky's jurisdiction and, implicitly, that of West Virginia extended only to the low-water mark of important because the river has been extensively dammed for navigation, so that the present river bank is north of the old low-water mark. Similarly, in the s, Kentucky challenged Illinois' right to collect taxes on a riverboat casino docked in Metropolisciting its own control of the entire river.Mississippi River & Ohio River
A private casino riverboat that docked in Evansville, Indianaon the Ohio River opened about the same time. Although such boats cruised on the Ohio River in an oval pattern up and down, the state of Kentucky soon protested. Other states had to limit their cruises to going forwards, then reversing and going backwards on the Indiana shore only. Both Illinois and Indiana have long since changed their laws to allow riverboat casinos to be permanently docked, with Illinois changing in and Indiana in The collapse took the lives of 46 people who had been crossing on the bridge at the moment of its failure.
The bridge had been built inand by was carrying too heavy a load for its design. Pollution[ edit ] The Ohio River as a whole is ranked as the most polluted river in the US based on and data although the more industrial and regional Ohio tributary, Monongahela Riverranked behind 16 other American rivers for pollution at number From there, it flows northwest through Allegheny and Beaver counties, before making an abrupt turn to the south-southwest at the West Virginia —Ohio—Pennsylvania triple-state line near East Liverpool, Ohio ; Chester, West Virginia ; and Ohioville, Pennsylvania.
What tributary flows into the Mississippi River where Illinois, Kentucky and Missouri meet?
Mouth of the Ohio, as it feeds into the Mississippi. The river then follows a roughly southwest and then west-northwest course until Cincinnati, before bending to a west-southwest course for most of its length. The course forms the northern borders of West Virginia and Kentucky ; and the southern borders of OhioIndiana and Illinoisuntil it joins the Mississippi River at the city of Cairo, Illinois.
At the confluencethe Ohio is considerably bigger than the Mississippi. Measured by long-term mean discharge in cubic feet per second and cubic meters per second, the Ohio River at Cairo: In both measures, the Ohio River water flow is higher than that of the Mississippi River.
The Wabash River between Terre Haute and the Ohio River was navigable by large ships during much of the 19th century, and was a regular stop for steamships. By the late 19th century, erosion due to farming and runoff made the Wabash impassable to such ships.
Dredging could have resolved the problem, but was not undertaken because railroads had become the preferred form of transport. The mile stretch south of Terre Haute includes several inoperable swing bridges. However, both states generally regard the middle of the river as the state border.
The owner was Frederick Hinde Zimmerman. The hotel drew its clientele from all over the United States. The reproduction can be seen in the background, but it is not the original fort. Between the start of the river and Fort Recoverythe current is swift and the water remains very shallow and follows a poorly defined channel. The depth and low bridge clearances make the section nearly impassable by boat except in the most ideal conditions.
The river continues to flow northward passing the community of Wabash at mile twenty-three and then cutting sharply west, crossing into Indiana at mile twenty-eight. Because of the many turns in the river, the state created several separate canal channels to shorten the journey between the state line and Fort Wayne as part of the Wabash and Erie Canal project during the s.
An additional seventeen tributaries raise the depth of the river considerably making it navigable for larger vessels. The white limestone river bottom can sometimes be seen in the area, whereas it is not visible due to pollution elsewhere downstream. The river remains shallow and somewhat rocky with minor rapids until mile seventy-one near the community of Murray.
The lock that was formerly at the site is abandoned and a narrow washout is the only means to bypass the dam. In the rocky washout the river level drops four feet, making it one of the most dangerous points on the river. Boaters are advised exit the river and reembark on the other side of the dam rather than traverse the washout.
- Mississippi River
- Kentucky Bend
- Illinois–Indiana–Kentucky tri-state area
Built by the Army Corps of Engineers to make a reservoir, the dam creates the J. The mile-long stretch after the Huntington Dam is rarely navigable. No lock connects the two sections of the river, and the water is often very shallow.
A second smaller dam at mile ninety-one presents a dangerous hazard, leading the section between it and the Huntington Dam to be closed to boaters. The city of Huntington sits at the confluence of the two rivers. The tributary dramatically increases the volume of water in the Wabash at this point, and because of the dams on the Wabash, it often carries more water than the Wabash.
As the river passes Wabash and moved towards Peruit splits creating a series of islands; sandbars are common in the stretch. The river joins back into a single channel at Peru, and flows through one of its most gentle stretches until reaching Logansport where the river again splits into multiple channels with islands dividing them.
Some of the channels are narrow and rocky, while the larger channels are navigable. It can be accessed at Delphi. Just past Delphi, the Wabash's second major tributary, the Tippecanoe Riverjoins the river. The confluence of the two rivers is part of Prophetstown State Parkthe site of the Battle of Tippecanoe. The joining of the Tippecanoe raises the level of the Wabash dramatically.
At this point, most large power boats can easily navigate the river at cruising speed.
At mileat the city of Covingtonthe river begins flowing due south. Terre Haute, beginning at mileis among the largest cities in Indiana. The river gradually widens moving south.
It borders Illinois beginning at mileand serves as a state boundary line with Indiana for the remainder of its course.