Alexander the great mother relationship with son

Olympias: Mother of Alexander – Prisoners of Eternity

alexander the great mother relationship with son

She wanted only Alexander in her life and their relationship can best be Perceived to be the legitimate son of Philip regardless of Olympias's. This marriage alliance made Olympias the Macedonian Queen. Not just Alexander the great, Olympias and Philip II also had one more child. Olympias, a fierce and possessive mother, dominated her son's youth and filled Alexander's relationship and military cooperation with his father ended soon.

Olympias, Mother of Alexander the Great « The Roadrunners' Guide to Ancient World

Women of her homeland could independently own land, receive citizenship, and had no legal guardians once they were of age. This lifestyle completely contrasts the oppressive society of Athens or even Macedonia, the people whom documented her life.

alexander the great mother relationship with son

However this account is doubtful since practically all marriages, particularly royal marriages, were arranged. This tale may also be the source of the rumors of her devotion to the Orphic rites and love of serpents. According to the Greek author Plutarch she gave birth to her first child later that day, Alexander.

alexander the great mother relationship with son

This propaganda furthered the fame of her baby son since in antiquity it was believed the birth of a great man was supplemented by portents. The largest rift in their marriage was caused by his marriage to the Macedonian girl named Cleopatra in Although he was a polygamist this marriage created tension among the Macedonians and between him and Olympias, hostility furthered by his sexual relationship with her brother.

Because of these issues Olympias placed herself in voluntary exile in Epirus. Pausanias expected some retribution from Philip but when he received none he began to plot the death of Philip—eventually stabbing him during a public procession.

Queen Olympias — The Bad-Ass Mother Of Alexander The Great

Suspicion has since arose that Olympias and Alexander were involved in the assassination however this has not been proven. Yet there is little proof of this private incident and her motives still remain unclear.

Could Cleopatra have claimed to be pregnant with a new heir? The reasons for this murder remain unknown.

alexander the great mother relationship with son

In this excerpt he describes her foreign, Orphic rites in a barbaric, frightening manner: Again one must consider biases when researching Olympias— her portrayal is a form of propaganda in the ancient world.

In her homeland she continued a close relationship with her son and they regularly corresponded. One possible competitor was his half-brother Philip Arrhidaeus, who Olympias poisoned and left severely damaged.

Alexander the Great Biography

Olympias raised the young Alexander to be proud of his heritage. Her family claimed to be descendants of Achilles, the Greek demigod and hero of the Trojan War.

  • Olympias: Mother of Alexander

This sparked the wrath of Olympias and she had Cleopatra and her infant daughter killed. As for Philip II, he was assassinated by one of his own bodyguards at a wedding banquet in B.

The details remain unclear but some historians of the era claim that Olympias may have been behind it. Wikimedia CommonsAlexander the Great Alexander then ascended to the Macedonian throne whereupon his mother told him that Zeus was his true father.

alexander the great mother relationship with son

This only increased his fervor to lead and conquer like no ruler before him. For the next 14 years, the Macedonian Empire grew until it stretched 3, miles from Spain to India. Alexander the Great used political marriages, treaties, and force to unite the Western world in a vast empire until his death from uncertain causes in B. The idea was that Cassander would turn over the throne until Alexander IV became older.