Non-Aligned Movement | international organization | dayline.info
The Non-Aligned Movement was formed during the Cold War to create an This committee of NAM and the Group of 77 members meets regularly in .. On 15 July, NAM concluded its 15th summit meeting at an Egyptian Red. Cairo, Egypt Heads of State or Government of Non-Aligned Countries, held in Cairo from reactions thsoughzut the world to this second meeting of non- aligned . leaders,. Portugal continues to hold in bondage by repression, persec- . Reuters - Leaders from the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), a group of Egyptian Foreign Minister Ahmed Aboul Gheit said the meeting.Indian, Pakistani leaders meet in Egypt
The Non-Aligned Movement expressed concern over the difficult and complex situation in disarmament and security and the growth of unilateralism.
The Final Document calls for renewed efforts to achieve nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. The Final Document also expressed concern over the threat to humanity posed by the continued existence of nuclear weapons, as well as about the lack of, or slow progress towards disarmament and total elimination of nuclear arms.
The Final Document emphasized that any progress made towards nonproliferation and disarmament is a benefit to international security.
It also reaffirmed that global and regional approaches and confidence building measures should be pursued simultaneously. The Final Document reiterated the NAM belief that the Conference on Disarmament is the only multilateral negotiating body on disarmament. The Final Document also called for a strengthened role of the IAEA in preparing for regional and international disasters in nuclear accidents that includes education on crisis management.
Furthermore, the Summit condemned Israel for its production of nuclear weapons and demanded that Israel renounce its nuclear weapons and join the NPT at the earliest possible date. The NAM States stressed the importance of implementing the action plan adopted by the conference.
The report included Iranian rational for their reactor and uranium enrichment programs, the status and extent of IAEA inspections, and statements from meetings with the Minister of Foreign Affairs in which Iran reaffirmed its commitment to pursuing peaceful nuclear power while complying with the NPT. On 25 May H. They also adopted an outcome document outlining their vision of the NAM for the next fifty years, and a commemorative declaration marking the fiftieth anniversary of the NAM's establishment.
Those at the meeting also affirmed the admission of Azerbaijan and Fiji into the Movement and prepared for the forthcoming NAM Summit in Tehran in A portion of the conference was dedicated to the issue at hand of Palestinian prisoners in Israel and in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem.
It also called on the UNDC to play a bigger role in facilitating rapid movement to achieve disarmament goals and the Conference on Disarmament CD to agree on a program of work and establish an ad hoc committee on nuclear disarmament.
The NAM called for international cooperation in realizing the goals of the fourth disarmament decade, including the issue of small arms and light weapons. The paper consisted of a three phase plan for the complete elimination of nuclear weapons.
In phase one the NAM called for a treaty banning the production of fissile materialan end to all weapons testing and development of new technologies for upgrading existing weapons systems, a convention prohibiting the use or threat of use of nuclear weapons, the establishment of a nuclear weapons free zone in the Middle East, conclusion of a new START treatyand a moratorium on the production of fissile materials pending the conclusion of a fissile material treaty.
The second phase called for the establishment of a single multilateral comprehensive verification system that included separating nuclear warheads from their delivery vehicles, and transferring nuclear materials to peaceful purposes.
The third phase extended beyond calling for the full implementation of a treaty eliminating all nuclear weapons and its verification regime. On 28 April the NAM submitted an additional working paper to the NPT Review Conference covering such issues as nuclear doctrines and sharing, nuclear disarmament and testing, security assurancesnuclear weapons free zones, safeguards and verification, and peaceful use of nuclear energy.
On 3 May Dr. The NAM recognized the new START treaty between the United States and the Russian Federation but noted there needed to be "more concrete uniform and systematic nuclear disarmament efforts involving all nuclear weapons states. He stated that the final document adopted by the RevCon was "a step forward towards realization of the goals and objectives of the treaty.
According to media reports the NAM also expressed support for the nuclear swap declaration between Iran, Turkey and Brazil that was signed in Tehran in May.
The deal commits Iran to transfer 1,kg 2, lb of its low-enriched uranium to Turkey in exchange for kg lb of During the General Review Conference of the IAEA on September, the NAM presented a statement arguing that stability in the Middle East would be impossible given the current massive military capability imbalances, particularly in regards to nuclear weapons. This directly critiqued U. Egypt also made a statement against "selective approaches" to non-proliferation and the undermining effect on the nonproliferation regime that such an approach has, speaking in reference to a draft resolution presented by the Arab League states entitled "Israeli Nuclear Capabilities.
In his statement he emphasized the contribution of the NAM to multilateral efforts to maintain and promote global peace and called for reform of the UN Security Council to better reflect the current political realities. The letter condemned Israeli military actions and called for immediate cessation of all military activities and violence in accordance with resolution The statement emphasized the importance of decision-making by consensus, called on possessor states to comply with destruction deadlines, and welcomed NAM member Iraq as the newest party to the CWC.
He repeated NAM's call for "an international conference, at the earliest possible date, with the objective of obtaining an agreement on a phased program for the complete elimination of nuclear weapons with a specified framework of time. The Ministerial Meeting reaffirmed the five principles of the NAM and discussed regional and sub-regional political issues, human rights, social and developmental issues, the Responsibility to Protect, in regards to preserving multilateralism, and UN reform.
He asserted that "the status of nuclear-weapons States is NAM leaders announced their continued commitment to the elimination of nuclear weapons, support for nuclear weapon-free-zones, especially in the Middle East, and the use of peaceful nuclear energy. The NAM raised concerns about potential misuse of R2P by expanding its applications to legitimize "invasive unilateralism" in internal affairs of states.
The NAM indicated its positions on a variety of nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation issues, with an expectation that they would be taken into account by the UNSC summit. On 5 October the Indonesian Representative made a statement on behalf of the NAM to the General Assembly on all disarmament and international security agenda items.
He voiced NAM's support for nuclear disarmament, calling on NWS to accomplish the total elimination of nuclear arsenals and to respect the inalienable right of all nations to use nuclear energy for peaceful purposes. The letter expressed the Movement's dissatisfaction with the resolution's emphasis on obligations and controls placed on non-nuclear-weapon states as opposed to nuclear disarmament measures, rejected setting new conditions and prerequisites for nuclear exports that are contrary to the IAEA Statute, and noted with regret that the resolution did not prohibit attacks or threat of attacks against peaceful nuclear.
The purpose of this meeting, requested by the Iranian delegation, was to exchange views on the latest developments regarding the Iranian nuclear issue in advance of an imminent third sanctions resolution. On 14 February, a letter from the Permanent Representative of Cameroon was circulated, informing members of the nomination by the African Group of H. A Note Verbale was circulated on 19 February setting a deadline for delegations to send comments on this nomination. The Security Council voted to adopt Resolution which continued sanctions on Iran.
On 25 March, Mr. The paper called on possessor States to complete the destruction of all chemical weapons including abandoned weapons before the extended deadline. NAM and China pledged to support activities related to the universalization of the Convention.
FACTBOX - Non-Aligned Movement summit in Egypt | Reuters
On 28 April, H. In this context, the Foreign Minister of Iran briefed the participants on the latest developments on Iran's nuclear issue. The 14th Ministerial Conference was held in Tehran from July. Paragraphs of the final document address disarmament and international security. Ministers released a statement on the Iranian nuclear issue, which emphasized States' inalienable right to use atomic energy for peaceful purposes without discrimination.
Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) | What is the Non Aligned Movement | NTI
On 17 October, the Chair circulated the 6 draft resolutions L. In this regard, the Chair highlighted the need for NAM members to participate in this session and support the NAM resolutions and decision. The statement was also circulated to the Conference on Disarmament on 7 February.
On 9 March, as agreed in the last CoB meeting, a letter was sent to H. In response to the aforementioned request, Mr. A ninth document on peaceful uses of nuclear energy was also agreed, as a result of consultations conducted in New York and Vienna WP. The Member States adopted a Final Documentwhich discussed a range of global, regional, and sub-regional socio-political and security issues including disarmament, threat of use of force, and international security.
The Final Document condemns the categorization of States as good or evil and adoption of doctrine of pre-emptive strikes, which includes attack by nuclear weapons. On disarmament, the document stresses that efforts for nuclear nonproliferation should be parallel to nuclear disarmament.
In this regard, the Summit calls for an international conference to agree on a phased program for nuclear disarmament. The NWS were reminded that development of new types of nuclear weapons would violate their commitments undertaken during the conclusion of the CTBT.
It is also noted that implementation of national missile defense systems could lead to an arms race. The Final Document recommends that a universal legally binding instrument on security assurances should be concluded as an interim measure awaiting complete nuclear disarmament.
As a precursor to a legal instrument, it called upon the NWS to give commitments to NNWS for non-use or not to threaten the use of nuclear weapons. The movement has emphasised its principles of multilateralism, equality, and mutual non-aggression in attempting to become a stronger voice for the global South, and an instrument that can be utilised to promote the needs of member nations at the international level and strengthen their political leverage when negotiating with developed nations.
In its efforts to advance Southern interests, the movement has stressed the importance of cooperation and unity amongst member states,  but as in the past, cohesion remains a problem since the size of the organisation and the divergence of agendas and allegiances present the ongoing potential for fragmentation.
It opposes foreign occupation, interference in internal affairs and aggressive unilateral measures, but it has also shifted to focus on the socio-economic challenges facing member states, especially the inequalities manifested by globalization and the implications of neo-liberal policies.
The Non-Aligned Movement has identified economic underdevelopmentpoverty, and social injustices as growing threats to peace and security. According to Mehr News Agencyrepresentatives from over countries were scheduled to attend. The chairmanship rotates between countries and changes at every summit of heads of state or government to the country organizing the summit. The current requirements are that the candidate country has displayed practices in accordance with the ten "Bandung principles" of Respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all nations.
Recognition of the movements for national independence. Recognition of the equality of all races and of the equality of all nations, large and small. Abstention from intervention or interference in the internal affairs of another country.
Respect for the right of each nation to defend itself singly or collectively, in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations. Refraining from acts or threats of aggression or the use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of any country. Settlement of all international disputes by peaceful means, in conformity with the Charter of the United Nations.
Promotion of mutual interests and co-operation.
Respect for justice and international obligations. Consisting of many governments with vastly different ideologies, the Non-Aligned Movement is unified by its declared commitment to world peace and security. At the seventh summit held in New Delhi in Marchthe movement described itself as "history's biggest peace movement".
NAM's commitment to peace pre-dates its formal institutionalisation in The Brioni meeting between heads of governments of India, Egypt and Yugoslavia in recognized that there exists a vital link between struggle for peace and endeavours for disarmament. The Non-Aligned Movement espouses policies and practices of cooperation, especially those that are multilateral and provide mutual benefit to all those involved.
Both organisations have a stated policy of peaceful cooperation, yet the successes the NAM has had with multilateral agreements tend to be ignored by the larger, western and developed nation dominated UN.
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The Non-Aligned Movement has played a major role in various ideological conflicts throughout its existence, including extreme opposition to apartheid governments and support of guerrilla movements in various locations, including Rhodesia and South Africa.
You can help by adding to it. March Criticism of US policy In recent years the organization has criticized certain aspects of US foreign policy. The invasion of Iraq and the War on Terrorismits attempts to stifle Iran and North Korea 's nuclear plans, and its other actions have been denounced by some members of the Non-Aligned Movement as attempts to run roughshod over the sovereignty of smaller nations; at the most recent summit, Kim Yong-namthe head of North Korea's parliament, stated, "The United States is attempting to deprive other countries of even their legitimate right to peaceful nuclear activities.
Issues such as globalization, the debt burdenunfair trade practicesthe decline in foreign aid, donor conditionalityand the lack of democracy in international financial decision-making are cited as factors inhibiting development.