Legislative Process - Senate of the Philippines
the majority leaders of both Houses jointly notify the members of both houses to reassemble. October special session of the Congress in view of Senate Concurrent Resolution 33, may, on extraordinary occasions, convene both Houses, or either of them The following provisions of the Constitution are also pertinent. The type of measures that Congress may consider and act upon (in addition to Joint resolutions are also used for proposing amendments to the Constitution. . of the Philippines certifies to the necessity of their immediate enactment to meet. th Congress, 2nd Session (). Jun 8, Prime Minister Narendra Modi address, India, Jt Meeting. Jan 12, President Barack H. Obama, State of the Union.
The first such speech was delivered by John Adams on the subject of U.
List of joint sessions of the United States Congress - Wikipedia
The most popular subjects for such addresses are economicmilitary and foreign policy issues. In addition to bringing back the tradition of delivering a State of Union address, Woodrow Wilson was the first president since John Adams to address Congress on specific topics.
He delivered 17 such speeches, more than any other president. Military leaders[ edit ] Closing words of MacArthur's final address to a joint meeting of Congress Joint meetings are sometimes called to hear addresses by generalsadmiralsor other military leaders. Perhaps the most notable example is Douglas MacArthur's farewell address to Congress.
In concluding the speech he recalled an old army song which contained the line "old soldiers never die; they just fade away". He then said, "And like the old soldier of that ballad, I now close my military career and just fade away, an old soldier who tried to do his duty as God gave him the light to see that duty.
Inaugurations of vice presidents[ edit ] Vice Presidents who are appointed under the 25th amendment are sworn in before a Joint Session of Congress.
This was only tested once, on December 6,when Gerald Ford was sworn in. First, the Speaker of the House certified that both houses had confirmed his nomination, and then Chief Justice Warren Burger gave him the oath of office. He was then introduced to both houses by the Speaker and gave his inaugural address. Astronauts[ edit ] Six times in the first years of the Space AgeCongress jointly met to be addressed by astronauts after their trips in space. Memorials[ edit ] Nine times, Congress has jointly met to hold a memorial service for a deceased president or former president.
Anniversaries[ edit ] Congress sometimes meets to mark the anniversary of a historical event or of a presidential birthday.
The first such occasion was the centennial of George Washington's first inauguration in Congress has met to mark the centennial of the birth of each president since Franklin Delano Rooseveltwith the exception of Lyndon Johnson. The first formally recorded joint meeting occurred on December 18, during the 43rd Congress in Washington, D. Beginning with Thomas Jefferson inPresidents sent the Annual Message in writing to be read by House clerks and Senate secretaries respectively.
The electoral count has taken place without problems save for the disputed electoral votes challenged in when a special Electoral Commission made up of Representatives, Senators, and Supreme Court Justices reviewed the disputed ballots.
Congress has hosted inaugurations since the first occasion in Inaugurations have always have been formal joint gatherings, and sometimes they also were joint sessions. Inaugurations were Joint Sessions when both houses of Congress were in session, and they processed to the ceremony as part of the business of the day.
Sessions of the Senate
In many cases, however, one or both houses were not in session or were in recess at the time of the ceremony. In this table, inaugurations that were not Joint Sessions are listed in the second column. Those that were Joint Sessions are so identified and described in the third column. Simple Resolutions It is usually designated with P.
A simple resolution deals with matters entirely within the prerogative of one house of Congress, such as adopting or receiving its own rules. A simple resolution is not considered by the other chamber and is not sent to the President for his signature.Congressional Committees: Crash Course Government and Politics #7
Like a concurrent resolution, it has no effect and force of a law. Simple resolutions are used occasionally to express the opinion of a single house on a current issue. Oftentimes, it is also used to call for a congressional action on an issue affecting national interest.
It must be noted that during the reading of the bill, only the title and the author is read on the floor. The Senate President is responsible for referring bills introduced to appropriate committees. For example, if a bill involves matters relating to agriculture, food production and agri-business, it must be referred to the Committee on Agriculture and Food.
There are committee hearings scheduled to discuss the bills referred. Committee members and staff frequently are experts in the subjects under their jurisdiction, and it is at the committee stage that a bill comes under the sharpest scrutiny. If a measure is to be substantially revised, the revision usually occurs at the committee level.
Joint Sessions & Meetings of Congress
A committee may dispose of a bill in one of several ways: It must be noted that under Section 29, Rule XI of the Rules of the Senate, if the reports submitted are unfavorable, they shall be transmitted to the archives of the Senate, unless five Senators shall, in the following session, move for their inclusion in the Calendar for Ordinary Business, in which case the President shall so order.
Moreover, reports are numbered in the order in which they are filed and printed. On the other hand, the consideration and debate of bills and resolutions are spelled out in Rule XXV, Section 71 of the Rules of the Senate.
It provides as follows: The Senate shall adopt the following procedure in the consideration of bills and joint resolutions: Provided, however, That any committee member who fails to enter his objection or to make of record his dissenting vote after it shall have been included in the Order of Business and read to the Senate in accordance with the second paragraph of Section 24 hereof, shall not be allowed to speak against the bill during the period of general debate although he may propose and speak or vote on amendments thereto.
After the bill is approved on Third Reading, it will be submitted to the House of Representatives for consideration.