The Electoral College: How It Works in Contemporary Presidential Elections - dayline.info
The Presidential Election is on Tuesday, November 3, The Electors shall meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for President and . any and all votes have been given or cast; and it shall also thereupon be the duty of the. Voters cast ballots to choose state electors; only white men who owned over the age of 18 the right to vote for electors, who in turn vote for the president. December of a presidential election year, each state's electors meet, usually in their. The document, Summary: State Laws Regarding Presidential Electors, can be in each state select their state's Electors by casting their ballots for President. When the voters in each state cast votes for the Presidential candidate of for selecting slates of potential electors and for conducting the meeting of the electors.
Hayes and William A. Electors meet in their respective state capitals electors for the District of Columbia meet within the District on the Monday after the second Wednesday in December, at which time they cast their electoral votes on separate ballots for president and vice president. The meeting is opened by the election certification official — often that state's secretary of state or equivalent — who reads the Certificate of Ascertainment. This document sets forth who was chosen to cast the electoral votes.
United States Electoral College - Wikipedia
The attendance of the electors is taken and any vacancies are noted in writing. The next step is the selection of a president or chairman of the meeting, sometimes also with a vice chairman. The electors sometimes choose a secretary, often not himself an elector, to take the minutes of the meeting.
In many states, political officials give short speeches at this point in the proceedings. When the time for balloting arrives, the electors choose one or two people to act as tellers. Some states provide for the placing in nomination of a candidate to receive the electoral votes the candidate for president of the political party of the electors.
Each elector submits a written ballot with the name of a candidate for president. In New Jerseythe electors cast ballots by checking the name of the candidate on a pre-printed card; in North Carolinathe electors write the name of the candidate on a blank card. The tellers count the ballots and announce the result. The next step is the casting of the vote for vice president, which follows a similar pattern.
Each state's electors must complete six Certificates of Vote. Each Certificate of Vote must be signed by all of the electors and a Certificate of Ascertainment must be attached to each of the Certificates of Vote. Each Certificate of Vote must include the names of those who received an electoral vote for either the office of president or of vice president. The electors certify the Certificates of Vote and copies of the Certificates are then sent in the following fashion: A staff member of the President of the Senate collects the Certificates of Vote as they arrive and prepares them for the joint session of the Congress.
The Certificates are arranged — unopened — in alphabetical order and placed in two special mahogany boxes.
Alabama through Missouri including the District of Columbia are placed in one box and Montana through Wyoming are placed in the other box. Faithless elector An elector may vote for whomever he or she wishes for each office provided that at least one of their votes president or vice president is for a person who is not a resident of the same state as themselves.
Twenty-nine states plus the District of Columbia have passed laws to punish faithless electors, although none have ever been enforced. Many constitutional scholars claim that state restrictions would be struck down if challenged based on Article II and the Twelfth Amendment.
BlairU. Some states, however, do have laws requiring that state's electors to vote for the candidate to whom they are pledged. Electors who break their pledge are called " faithless electors. Over the course of 58 presidential elections sinceonly 0.
As stated in the ruling, electors are acting as a functionary of the state, not the federal government.
Therefore, states have the right to govern the process of choosing electors. The constitutionality of state laws punishing electors for actually casting a faithless vote, rather than refusing to pledge, has never been decided by the Supreme Court.
However, in his dissent in Ray v. Blair, Justice Robert Jackson wrote: Faithless electors have never changed the outcome of any presidential election.
Electoral College Fast Facts
Contingent election The Twelfth Amendment mandates Congress assemble in joint session to count the electoral votes and declare the winners of the election. The vice president and the Speaker of the House sit at the podium, with the vice president in the seat of the Speaker of the House. Senate pages bring in the two mahogany boxes containing each state's certified vote and place them on tables in front of the senators and representatives.
Each house appoints two tellers to count the vote normally one member of each political party. Relevant portions of the Certificate of Vote are read for each state, in alphabetical order. Members of Congress can object to any state's vote count, provided objection is presented in writing and is signed by at least one member of each house of Congress. An objection supported by at least one senator and one representative will be followed by the suspension of the joint session and by separate debates and votes in each House of Congress; after both Houses deliberate on the objection, the joint session is resumed.
A state's certificate of vote can be rejected only if both Houses of Congress vote to accept the objection.
In that case, the votes from the State in question are simply ignored. The votes of Arkansas and Louisiana were rejected in the presidential election of Gore, who as vice president was required to preside over his own Electoral College defeat by five electoral votesdenied the objections, all of which were raised by only several representatives and would have favored his candidacy, after no senators would agree to jointly object.
Objections were again raised in the vote count of the elections, and on that occasion the document was presented by one representative and one senator. Although the joint session was suspended, the objections were quickly disposed of and rejected by both Houses of Congress.
If there are no objections or all objections are overruled, the presiding officer simply includes a state's votes, as declared in the certificate of vote, in the official tally. After the certificates from all states are read and the respective votes are counted, the presiding officer simply announces the final result of the vote and, provided the required absolute majority of votes was achieved, declares the names of the persons elected president and vice president.
The political parties or independent candidates in each state submit to the state's chief election official a list of individuals pledged to their candidate for president and equal in number to the state's electoral vote.
Usually, the major political parties select these individuals either in their state party conventions or through appointment by their state party leaders while third parties and independent candidates merely designate theirs.
Members of Congress and employees of the federal government are prohibited from serving as an Elector in order to maintain the balance between the legislative and executive branches of the federal government. After their caucuses and primaries, the major parties nominate their candidates for president and vice president in their national conventions traditionally held in the summer preceding the election. Third parties and independent candidates follow different procedures according to the individual state laws.
The names of the duly nominated candidates are then officially submitted to each state's chief election official so that they might appear on the general election ballot. On the Tuesday following the first Monday of November in years divisible by four, the people in each state cast their ballots for the party slate of Electors representing their choice for president and vice president although as a matter of practice, general election ballots normally say "Electors for" each set of candidates rather than list the individual Electors on each slate.
Yep, this is what we know as the presidential election. Whichever party slate wins the most popular votes in the state becomes that state's Electors-- so that, in effect, whichever presidential ticket gets the most popular votes in a state wins all the Electors of that state. On the Monday following the second Wednesday of December as established in federal law each state's Electors meet in their respective state capitals and cast their electoral votes-one for president and one for vice president.
In order to prevent Electors from voting only for "favorite sons" of their home state, at least one of their votes must be for a person from outside their state though this is seldom a problem since the parties have consistently nominated presidential and vice presidential candidates from different states.