BBC - Future - Stress and illness: The decades-long search for a link
Before you get too stressed out about being stressed out, there is some good news. Following some simple stress relief tips could both lower. Psychologist and other health professionals have argued the relationship between stress and illness and there is conclusive evidence to support these. Among the factors related to the development of illness are stress, coping style, There is the environmental stress perspective, the psychological stress Finally, Zarski () found no correlation between life experiences and health status.
Has stress at school or work ever prompted you to achieve something worthwhile and helped you develop new skills?
Many Psychologists have found that not all stress is bad. Stress can help motivation, problem solving, and the fighting of infections.How stress affects your body - Sharon Horesh Bergquist
Some Cancer survivors emerge with a newfound spirituality or stronger self-esteem because of the stress they endured and then conquered. A personal battle with long-term health problems can be very difficult and stressful, however some individuals start to develop a new self worth and new dreams and desires because of it.
When someone survives an illness or life-threatening situation more times than not a person will take life less serious and live everyday thankful to be alive. This attitude is what helps most survivors deal with the situation that has arose in their lives. It was this positive stress outcome that helped mold my life into what it is today. My first semester at college I became very ill with what I believed to be a horrible stomach bug. As the days and then weeks passed and symptoms became worse, I began seeing doctors and specialists daily.
I had to leave school and soon became hospitalized. It took doctors weeks to finally discover what was wrong and plan a course of action. After months of being too ill to walk without blacking out, I still remember the first day I successfully walked around my house, and then down the block and can even recall the fresh air after spending so long in hospitals and inside lying in bed. I felt a sense of joy and excitement towards life and the smallest of things that I had never felt before.
Chronic stress can also lead to plaque buildup in the arteries atherosclerosisespecially if combined with a high-fat diet and sedentary living. The correlation between stressful life events and psychiatric illness is stronger than the correlation with medical or physical illness. The relationship of stress with psychiatric illness is strongest in neuroses, which is followed by depression and schizophrenia.
There is no scientific evidence of a direct cause-and-effect relationship between the immune system changes and the development of cancer. However, recent studies found a link between stress, tumour development and suppression of natural killer NK cells, which is actively involved in preventing metastasis and destroying small metastases.
Things that cause us stress are called stressors. Stress affects everyone, young and old, rich and poor. Life is full of stress. Stress is an every fact of life that we must all deal with. It comes in all shapes and sizes; even our thoughts can cause us stress and make the human body more susceptible to illness.
There are three theories or perspectives regarding stress; environmental stress, psychological emotional stress and biological stress 1. The environmental stress perspective emphasizes assessment of environmental situations or experiences that are objectively related to substantial adaptive demands.
Cohen, Doyle, and Skoner found that psychological stress predicted a greater expression of illness and a greater production of interleukin-6 in response to an upper respiratory infection. Finally, Zarski found no correlation between life experiences and health status.
However, life experiences were significantly correlated with somatic symptoms and energy level. Overall health status was highly correlated with somatic symptoms. Coping Style In addition to stress, coping style is also related to the development of illness.
There are several methods of coping. Feeling in Control as a Way of Coping. For example, suppose you are overweight and your doctor tells you that it is because you have a genetic disorder. You have no control over your situation.
This may be very stressful for you. However, suppose now that you are overweight but your doctor tells you that with diet and exercise you can lose the weight.
Stress and Illness
This situation may be less stressful for you because you know that you can do something about your weight. Just knowing that you can control your weight makes the situation less stressful than if you were unable to control your weight. So, knowing that traffic will be heavy on the freeway at 8: Optimism and Pessimism Coping Style. Some people seem predisposed to believe that they can maintain control over stressful situations.
Approach and Avoidant Coping.
Stress and illness: The decades-long search for a link
What may be stressful for one person may not be stressful for another person. For example, one person may see going to college as a stressful experience. He may be anxious about living away from home for the first time.
He may be worried about making new friends and doing well in school. Another person may see going to college as the beginning of a new, fun adventure. He may be excited about living away from home for the first time and making new friends.
He may confident that he can do very well in school. Both of these people experiences the same event going to collegebut for one person the event was stressful, while for the other it was not stressful. In other words, when faced with a stressful situation, we need to determine if we have the ability to cope or not. Primary and Secondary Appraisals. There are two types of appraisals, primary and secondary.
Both appraisals affect a person's ability to cope and adjust to stressful situations. Chang and Strunk examined the direct and indirect influences of dysphoria expressions of depressive symptoms on primary and secondary appraisals, coping, and psychological and physical adjustment.
They found that dysphoria was positively associated with primary appraisals, disengaged coping, and physical symptoms. In contrast, dysphoria was negatively associated with secondary appraisals and life satisfaction. Higher scores on primary appraisals were related to an increased use of engaged coping strategies. Primary appraisals were also positively associated with disengaged coping activities.
Life Event, Stress and Illness
In contrast, higher scores on secondary appraisals were related to an increased use of engaged coping activities and a decreased use of disengaged coping activities. Higher scores on secondary appraisals were related to greater life satisfaction and less physical symptoms.
Similarly, increased use of disengaged coping was related to more physical symptoms. However, it is important to realize that engaged coping was not related to life satisfaction or to physical symptoms. Amirkhan examined attributions as predictors of coping and distress.
He found that failures that were attributed to internal, unstable, and controllable factors lead to active efforts to resolve the problem or rally social support, responses that proved adaptive in lowering subjective distress and stress related pathology. On the other hand, failures attributed to external, stable, and uncontrollable forces lead to avoidant and escapist responses, which exacerbated distress and illness.
Reappraisal as a Way of Coping. For example, suppose you are on your was to a very important interview and you get stuck in traffic. You might think to yourself that this is terrible, this is a very important interview.