Relationship between latitude and climate

Climate Changes with Latitude - Windows to the Universe

relationship between latitude and climate

Primarily owing to the tilt of the Earth's axis, temperatures cool with increasing latitude, which is a measure of angular distance from the equator. Karen Stelly, Teacher earth science, climate change, meteorology, oceanography What is the relationship between the latitude and the number of daylight. Content Statement 5: Latitude and longitude can be used to make observations about location and generalizations about climate.

Longitude & Latitude

Listed below are the types of ecosystems that exist in the climates of different latitudes. The most sunlight is received at the equator of our planet, making this area very warm.

relationship between latitude and climate

The types of ecosystems that develop in this warm environment are: As the name suggests, rainforests receive a lot of rain.

The temperature stays warm in the rainforest all year long.

relationship between latitude and climate

This ecosystem has a wet season and a very dry season. Deserts receive less rainfall than other tropical ecosystems but are just as warm. The area between the warm tropics and the chilly poles is called the mid latitudes.

relationship between latitude and climate

Climates in this zone are affected by both warm, tropical air moving towards the poles and cold, polar air moving towards the equator.

This ecosystem has wet-winters and dry-summers. This ecosystem is typically found on the dry interior of continents. A moist climate allows leafy deciduous trees to thrive.

How Latitude affects the Temperature

High latitudes receive the least sunlight, creating cold climates. Any point on the surface of the Earth can be defined by a pair of angular coordinates known as longitude and latitude.

relationship between latitude and climate

Longitude is a line stretching from pole to pole with a given angular displacement from the Prime Meridian, which runs through Greenwich, England. Latitude is defined as the angular distance from the equator and is designated North or South depending on the hemisphere.

relationship between latitude and climate

The equator defines zero degrees latitude, which locates the North and South Poles at 90 degrees North and South respectively. Sciencing Video Vault Temperatures Cool With Increasing Latitude As latitude increases, the sun shines more obliquely and provides less warming energy.

Latitude and Climate

The equator always faces the sun directly, so the climate is warm year-round, with the average day and night temperature hovering between At the poles, however, winter and summer temperatures show a wider variation. The average temperature in the Arctic varies from zero C 32 F in summer to C F in winter, while in the Antarctic, the temperature varies from The Antarctic is colder for two reasons: The Earth's tilt affects the angle of incident sunlight on a particular location, but if that were its only effect, you would expect higher temperatures at each pole in summer.

After all, that's when the pole is facing the sun and is actually slightly closer to it than the equator.

This doesn't happen because at other times of the year the sun's rays have to pass through a thicker atmospheric filter than at the equator, producing cold enough temperatures to create permanent ice. In the summer, some of this ice melts, but the ice that doesn't melt reflects sunlight and prevents it from warming the atmosphere to the same extent it does at the equator.