Relationship between Missouri Compromise and Dred Scott case? | Yahoo Answers
Dred Scott, the Dred Scott Case, and the Missouri Compromise. By. John T. Originally his master took him from Missouri (a slave state) to Illinois (a free state). This is what the Missouri Compromise was, and how it contributed to the Civil was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in the Dredd Scott case. Dred Scott first went to trial to sue for his freedom in The decision also declared the Missouri Compromise of , legislation which restricted slavery in .
The Missouri Compromise was written by Henry Clay, and both pro and anti-slavery proponents in Congress agreed to it.
The Dred Scott Decision [dayline.info]
The Compromise forbade slavery in Louisiana and any territory that was once part of it in the Louisiana Purchase. This compromise remained the law of the land until it was repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act ofand shortly thereafter was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court in the Dredd Scott case. It also allowed future states that were admitted to the union to allow the population of that territory to decide themselves through voting whether they would allow slavery or not.
By repealing the Missouri Compromise, people in the anti-slavery north viewed Congress as allowing the south to exert more control in Congress, and they resented it. It also made the south seem more aggressive in their pro-slavery sentiments. The repeal of the Missouri Compromise lead to the formation of the anti-slavery Republican party. There was now only one other place to go.
Scott appealed his case to the United States Supreme Court.
Supreme Court rules in Dred Scott case - HISTORY
The nine justices of the Supreme Court of certainly had biases regarding slavery. Seven had been appointed by pro-slavery presidents from the South, and of these, five were from slave-holding families. Still, if the case had gone directly from the state supreme court to the federal supreme court, the federal court probably would have upheld the state's ruling, citing a previously established decision that gave states the authority to determine the status of its inhabitants.
But, in his attempt to bring his case to the federal courts, Scott had claimed that he and the case's defendant Mrs. Emerson's brother, John Sanford, who lived in New York were citizens from different states. The main issues for the Supreme Court, therefore, were whether it had jurisdiction to try the case and whether Scott was indeed a citizen.
The decision of the court was read in March of Chief Justice Roger B. Taney -- a staunch supporter of slavery -- wrote the "majority opinion" for the court.
The Missouri Compromise: What Was it and How Did it Contribute to the Civil War?
It stated that because Scott was black, he was not a citizen and therefore had no right to sue. The decision also declared the Missouri Compromise oflegislation which restricted slavery in certain territories, unconstitutional.
While the decision was well-received by slaveholders in the South, many northerners were outraged.
The decision greatly influenced the nomination of Abraham Lincoln to the Republican Party and his subsequent election, which in turn led to the South's secession from the Union.
A legal battle ensued that involved a number of petitions and appeals, until it was brought before the United States Supreme Court.
Relationship between Missouri Compromise and Dred Scott case?
Taney ruled in a majority opinion that challenged the Missouri Compromise, pushing the country closer to war. At this time inSoutherners were demanding protection of their property rights concerning slaves, and Northerners were fearful that a decision against Scott would void the Missouri Compromise, in turn opening up the Western lands to slavery. The Missouri Compromise of came about when the Missouri territorial assembly petitioned Congress for admission to the Union in At this time, the United States consisted of twenty-two states, eleven of which were free and eleven that were slave.
In deciding whether to admit states, Congress attempted to alternate between slave and free states, in order to maintain a balance between them. However, in Missouri at this time, there were about three thousand slaves living there. To admit Missouri as a slave state would have upset the balance between free and slave states, giving the South in the Senate an advantage, but not in the House where by virtue of population alone, the Northerners had votes to the Southerners' To attempt to limit slavery in Missouri and in the West, New York Representative James Tallmadge proposed on February 13, an amendment to prohibit slavery from the territory.
This measure passed in the House but was blocked in the Senate by Southern legislators.