# Relationship between music and trigonometry

### Music & Trigonometry by Megan Long on Prezi

both musical harmony and trigonometry are taught in most schools today, seldom is the connection drawn between the two; yet, it is likely that students would. Here's all about the importance of trigonometry, its uses and applications our daily trigonometric ratios describe the relation between the angles and sides of a and trigonometry, we might not be able to enjoy the music of Taylor Swift and . Free Essay: Trigonometry is the branch of mathematics that is based off on the study of triangles. This study help define the relations between the different.

If you look at the graph for the sine and cosine functions, you will see that they have all the characteristics of a wave traveling along the x-axis.

## How Is Trigonometry Used in Music?

Just like a wave, they have amplitude, and they are periodic, and even have a frequency. Frequently Fourier Series are used to analyze the wave properties of a vibrating string, like a violin string, or the vibrational modes of a drum membrane.

Sound waves are longitudinal, rather than transverse, like water waves, or waves along a string fixed at both ends and set to vibrate, but sine and cosine waves describe sound waves also.

The reason certain tones are more pleasing to the ear than others is that when partial differential equations describing wave motion are solved by Fourier Series, the solutions have a special number associated with them for the modes of vibration for the system. When the vibrational modes are integral multiples of a fundamental mode of vibration in the solution, you get music.

When they are not, you don't. That's why you can get harmonics on a violin, flute, a pipe organ, or a piano, but not on a snare or bass drum.

So classical violinist Itzhak Perlman might be creating music with his violin, but the rock star Bon Jovi's drummer is not.

Light waves were first described by a physicist named James Clerk Maxwell. When he solved one of his partial differential equations he got a wave motion for light.

### Trigonometry - Music

A branch of physics called Quantum Mechanics, however, was developed around to explain certain things about light waves that Maxwell's equations could not.

Can you believe it was once thought that because light was a wave there should be no limit to the frequency of the wave in a physical system? This meant that for ordinary light trapped in a box lined with mirrors, the light could eventually escape as gamma rays! This paradox was called the Ultraviolet Catastrophe.

So to answer your question about light, Quantum Mechanics has replaced the old ideas about the wave nature of light and replaced them with the idea that sometimes light behaves like a particle, and sometimes like a wave. In Quantum Mechanics, applied to the hydrogen atom, when an electron "jumps" from a higher energy level to a lower one, the light energy it radiates as a "photon" particle is: Some countries use other names for the notes.

The frequencies of the twelve notes are in a geometric progression. This means that the ratio of the frequency of two consecutive notes is constant. When going from the frequency of one note to the next, you multiply with the same factor for all notes.

### How Is Trigonometry Used in Music? | Our Pastimes

After 12 such multiplications, you should have doubled the frequency. Some countries use other notations for the notes than the ones seen below the arrow in the applet above. Overtones The reason why different instruments sound different when playing the same note, is that they don't play one single sine wave.

An instrument in general also plays a number of overtones, and these overtones may vary between different instruments.

An overtone is a tone having a higher frequency than the note being played. If you consider a string of a guitar, then the length of the string measured by where you hold down a finger decides what frequencies you hear since the string is attached at both ends.

Mathematically, this corresponds to dividing half a period by an integer, which means multiplying the angular frequency by an integer. In the applet below you can add three overtones by letting their respective amplitude increase from zero.