What was the relationship between the samurai, bushido, seppuku, and the daimyo? | Socratic
Photo of a daimyo, or feudal lord, and one of his samurai warriors in Japan, The daimyos were large land-owners and vassals of the shogun. The samurai, members of a powerful military caste in feudal Japan, began as provincial warriors before rising to power in the 12th century with the As servants of the daimyos, or great lords, the samurai backed up the authority of the shogun. What did the shogun have to do with the daimyo class? to serve the Shogun, and they were also the military leader of the samurai warriors.
Warrior Puppets: The Samurai of the Tokugawa Shogunate
By the eleventh century the bands were changing to groups of fighting men not necessarily connected through kinship. Power was beginning to aggregate in the hands of a few elite military families, or clans, whose regional dominance was supported by the fighting abilities of retainers and vassals. The First Warrior Government The Kamakura Shogunate, — By the late eleventh century, the Minamoto also known as Genji clan was recognized as the most powerful military clan in the northeastern region of Japan, having defeated several other powerful local groups.
In the mid-twelfth century, the Minamoto clashed with the mighty Taira also known as Heike clan, which commanded an important western region including the area around Kyoto. A series of clashes, culminating in the Genpei War —ended with the defeat of the Taira. The victorious Minamoto went on to establish a new, warrior-led government at Kamakura, their eastern stronghold.
Shoguns and samurai
In the great Minamoto leader Minamoto Yoritomo — was appointed sei-i-tai shogun lit. Yoritomo established a military government, bakufu: Reporting to the shogun were daimyo lit.
The Second Warrior Government: The Ashikaga Shogunate of the Muromachi Period — The Kamakura shogunate was overthrown in and succeeded by the Ashikaga shogunate —based in Muromachi, near Kyoto.
Under the Ashikaga, samurai were increasingly organized into lord—vassal hierarchies. Claiming loyalty to one lord, they adhered to a value system that promoted the virtues of honor, loyalty, and courage.
- Samurai and Bushido
- DAIMYO, SHOGUNS AND THE BAKUFU (SHOGUNATE)
- An introduction to the Samurai
As in the Kamakura period, the Ashikaga shogun was supported by direct vassals and by powerful but more independent regional daimyo, who administered the provinces. These regional leaders were expected to maintain order, administer justice, and ensure the delivery of taxes. In a peaceful Japan, many samurai were forced to become bureaucrats or take up some type of trade, even as they preserved their conception of themselves as fighting men.
Inthe right to carry swords was restricted only to samurai, which created an even greater separation between them and the farmer-peasant class.
The material well-being of many samurai actually declined during the Tokugawa Shogunate, however. Samurai had traditionally made their living on a fixed stipend from landowners; as these stipends declined, many lower-level samurai were frustrated by their inability to improve their situation.
What was the relationship between the samurai, bushido, seppuku, and the daimyo?
The incursion of Western powers into Japan—and especially the arrival in of Commodore Matthew C. Perry of the U. Navy, on a mission to get Japan to open its doors to international trade—proved to be the final straw. The controversial decision to open the country to Western commerce and investment helped encourage resistance to the shogunate among conservative forces in Japan, including many samurai, who began calling for a restoration of the power of the emperor.
Feudalism was officially abolished in ; five years later, the wearing of swords was forbidden to anyone except members of the national armed forces, and all samurai stipends were converted into government bonds, often at significant financial loss. The new Japanese national army quashed several samurai rebellions during the s, while some disgruntled samurai joined secret, ultra-nationalist societies, among them the notorious Black Dragon Society, whose object was to incite trouble in China so that the Japanese army would have an excuse to invade and preserve order.
Ironically—given the loss of their privileged status—the Meiji Restoration was actually engineered by members of the samurai class itself. And what's significant here is the notion of an emperor continues to exist, but all of the power resides in what you can essentially consider a military dictator, or a shogun.
And the system that emerges is known as the bakufu system or the shogunate.
Shoguns, samurai and the Japanese Middle Ages (video) | Khan Academy
And Minamoto Yuritomo was the first shogun. So you can see here, the emperor still was there, but the shogun was where all of the power was. And this is really the beginning of medieval Japan.
It's the beginning of the Kamakura period, named for where the capital of the Kamakura period was. Now what's distinctive about medieval Japan and the bakufu system, is that it becomes much more decentralized than what we had under the Heian period. It's often called a feudal system, because it has parallels to what was going on in Europe at around the same time. Where at the top you had this military ruler, the shogun, and then beneath the shogun you had this decentralized structure of these lords, essentially, that controlled significant regions of Japan.
They were called the daimyo. And there were roughly daimyo in Japan, roughly county sized districts.