Difference Between Monopoly and Monopolistic Competition (with Comparison Chart) - Key Differences
the elements of competition and monopoly from other market conditions. Professor Chamberlin In full long-period equilibrium "the task of management is reduced to pure writers on the subject, although the difference in meaning between . Under pure (or perfect) competition, a very large number of firms are . Under Oligopoly: Oligopoly is a market where there are only few sellers. Monopoly refers to a market structure where there is a single seller Further, there are three types of imperfect competition, monopoly.
The price for a product is uniform across the market.
Difference Between Monopoly and Monopolistic Competition
Each firm earns a normal profit. Suppose you go to a vegetable market to buy tomatoes. There are many tomato vendors and buyers. Then you go ahead and inquire some more vendors. This is an example of perfect competition.
Imperfect Competition, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly
Definition of Imperfect Competition The competition, which does not satisfy one or the other condition, attached to the perfect competition is imperfect competition. In the real world, it is hard to find perfect competition in any industry, but there are so many industries like telecommunications, automobiles, soaps, cosmetics, detergents, cold drinks and technology, where you can find imperfect competition.
By the virtue of this, imperfect competition is also considered as real world competition. There are various forms of imperfect competition, described below: Single seller dominates the entire market. Two sellers share the whole market.
- Imperfect Competition, Monopolistic Competition and Oligopoly
- Relationship between Average and Marginal Revenue Curves
- Relationship between AR and MR Curves
Few sellers are there who either act in collusion or competition. Many sellers and a single buyer.
Difference Between Perfect Competition and Imperfect Competition
Many sellers and few buyers. Numerous sellers offering unique products.
Each firm can sell as much as it wishes at the market price OP. Any change in the demand and supply conditions will change the market price of the product, and consequently the horizontal AR curve of the firm.
The average revenue curve is the downward sloping industry demand curve and its corresponding marginal revenue curve lies below it. The relation between the average revenue and the marginal revenue under monopoly can be understood with the help of Table 2. The marginal revenue is lower than the average revenue.
Given the demand for his product, the monopolist can increase his sales by lowering the price, marginal revenue also falls but the rate of fall in marginal revenue is greater than that in average revenue In Table 2 AR falls by Rs.
This relation will always exist between straight line downward slopping AR and MR curves.Monopoly vs. Oligopoly
In case the AR curve is convex to the origin as in Figure 3 Athe MR curve will cut any perpendicular from a point on the AR curve at more than half-way to the Y-axis. On the other hand, if the AR curve is concave to the origin, MR will cut the perpendicular at less than half-way towards the Y-axis.
AR, MR and Elasticity: However, the true relationship between the AR curve and its corresponding MR curve under monopoly or imperfect competition depends upon the elasticity of the AR curve. At point B on the average revenue curve, PA, the elasticity of demand is equal to 1. Thus, where elasticity of AR curve is unity, MR is always zero In case the elasticity of the AR curve is unity throughout its length like a rectangular hyperbola, the MR curve will coincide with the X-axis, shown as a dotted line in Figure 5 B.