End the Manchu Dominance - Victoria 2 Wiki
The Warlord Era was a period in the history of the Republic of China when control of the The collapse of the Qing dynasty and subsequent destabilization led to rapid .. the men of northern China were "the finest Oriental raw material with a physique second to none, . Duan Qirui and Anhui dominance (–20)[ edit]. Piracy did not stop when the British took over Hong Kong; for example, Shap Sei Tsai However, in the thirtieth year of the Tao Kuang Reign (), the Qing and and Sheung Wan) instead, naming it “Victoria” after the British Queen at the time. engaged to deal with local disputes, minor disorder or relationship crime. End the Manchu Dominance is a decision unique to China. It requires that China is not civilized (and technically not a great power either although that is not.
Factional strains between the Norman barons, faced with a double loyalty to William's two sons, created a brief civil war in which an attempt was made to force Rufus off the English throne. With the failure of the rebellion, England and Normandy were clearly divided for the first time since Wars in the Vexin and Maine, —[ edit ] Robert Curthose left on crusade inand for the duration of his absence Rufus took over the administration of Normandy.
Soon afterwards he attacked the Vexin and the next year the County of Maine. Rufus succeeded in defeating Maine, but the war in the Vexin ended inconclusively with a truce in His younger brother, Henry Beauclerc immediately took the throne. It had been expected to go to Robert Curthose, Duke of Normandy, but Robert was away on a crusade and did not return until a month after Rufus' death, by which time Henry was firmly in control of England, and his accession had been recognized by France's King Philip.
Robert was, however, able to reassert his control over Normandy, though only after giving up the County of Maine. England and Normandy were now in the hands of the two brothers, Henry and Robert. In JulyRobert launched an attack on England from Normandy. He landed successfully at Portsmouth, and advanced inland to Alton in Hampshire.
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There he and Henry came to an agreement to accept the status quo of the territorial division. Henry was freed from his homage to Robert, and agreed to pay the Duke an annual sum which, however, he only paid until The ensuing Anglo-Norman war was longer and more destructive, involving sieges of Bayeux and Caen ; but Henry had to return to England in the late summer, and it was not until the following summer that he was able to resume the conquest of Normandy.
In the interim, Duke Robert took the opportunity to appeal to his liege lord, King Philip, but could obtain no aid from him. The fate of Robert and the duchy was sealed at the Battle of Tinchebray on 28 or 29 September Robert was captured and imprisoned for the rest of his life. Henry was now, like his father, both King of England and Duke of Normandy, and the stage was set for a new round of conflict between England and France. Anglo-French War, —[ edit ] InPhilip I, who had been king of France since before the Norman Conquest, died and was succeeded by his son Louis VIwho had already been conducting the administration of the realm in his father's name for several years.
Louis had initially been hostile to Robert Curthose, and friendly to Henry I; but with Henry's acquisition of Normandy, the old Norman-French rivalries re-emerged.
By luck and diplomacy, however, Henry eliminated the Flemings and Angevins from the war, and on 20 August at the Battle of Bremule he defeated the French. Louis was obliged to accept Henry's rule in Normandy, and accepted his son William Adelin 's homage for the fief in High medieval era[ edit ] Further information: This finally gave the English a separate identity as an Anglo-Saxon people under a Francophone, but not French, crown.
Nationalism had been minimal in days when most wars took place between rival feudal lords on a sub-national scale. The last attempt to unite the two cultures under such lines was probably a failed French-supported rebellion to depose Edward II. Following the Battle of Agincourt the English gained control of vast French territory, but were eventually driven out. English monarchs would still claim the throne of France until The English monarchy increasingly integrated with its subjects and turned to the English language wholeheartedly during the Hundred Years' War between and Though the war was in principle a mere dispute over territory, it drastically changed societies on both sides of the Channel.
The English, although already politically united, for the first time found pride in their language and identity, while the French united politically.
Joan of Arc was another unifying figure who to this day represents a combination of religious fervour and French patriotism to all France.
A legacy of Commerce, Addiction, and Gunboat diplomacy
Apart from setting national identities, the Hundred Years' War was the root of the traditional rivalry and at times hatred between the two countries.
During this era, the English lost their last territories in France, except Calais, which would remain in English hands for another years, though the English monarchs continued to style themselves as Kings of France until Auld Alliance France and Scotland agreed to defend each other in the event of an attack on either from England in several treatiesthe most notable of which were in and There had always been intermarriage between the Scottish and French royal households, but this solidified the bond between the royals even further.
Black took a critical view, arguing regarding the alliance: They took opposite sides in all of the Italian Wars between and An even deeper division set in during the English Reformationwhen most of England converted to Protestantism and France remained Roman Catholic. This enabled each side to see the other as not only a foreign evil but also a heretical one.
In both countries there was intense civil religious conflict. Similarly, many Catholics fled from England to France. Scotland had a very close relationship with France in the 16th century, with intermarriage at the highest level.
Her mother became Regent, brought in French advisors, and ruled Scotland in the French style. David Ditchburn and Alastair MacDonald argue: Protestantism was, however, given an enormous boost in Scotland, especially among the governing classes, by the suffocating political embrace of Catholic France. The threat to Scotland's independence seem to come most potently from France, not England And absorption by France was not a future that appealed to Scots. However, friendly relations at the business level did continue.
While Spain had been the dominant world power in the sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries, the English had often sided with France as a counterweight against them. Key to English strategy was the fear that a universal monarchy of Europe would be able to overwhelm the British Isles. English foreign policy was now directed towards preventing France gaining supremacy on the continent and creating a universal monarchy. To the French, England was an isolated and piratical nation heavily reliant on naval power, and particularly privateerswhich they referred to as Perfidious Albion.
There was a sharp diversion in political philosophies in the two states. In France the power of the monarchs and their advisors went largely unchecked. England and France fought each other in the War of the League of Augsburg from to which set the pattern for relations between France and Great Britain during the eighteenth century. Wars were fought intermittently, with each nation part of a constantly shifting pattern of alliances known as the stately quadrille.
Partly out of fear of a continental intervention, an Act of Union was passed in creating the Kingdom of Great Britainand formally merging the kingdoms of Scotland and England the latter kingdom included Wales. The British had a massive navy but maintained a small land army, so Britain always acted on the continent in alliance with other states such as Prussia and Austria as they were unable to fight France alone.
Equally France, lacking a superior navy, was unable to launch a successful invasion of Britain. France lent support to the Jacobite pretenders who claimed the British throne, hoping that a restored Jacobite monarchy would be inclined to be more pro-French. Despite this support the Jacobites failed to overthrow the Hanoverian monarchs. The main powers had exhausted themselves in warfare, with many deaths, disabled veterans, ruined navies, high pension costs, heavy loans and high taxes.
Utrecht strengthened the sense of useful international law and inaugurated an era of relative stability in the European state system, based on balance-of-power politics that no one country would become dominant. That Treaty [of Utrecht], which ushered in the stable and characteristic period of Eighteenth-Century civilization, marked the end of danger to Europe from the old French monarchy, and it marked a change of no less significance to the world at large, — the maritime, commercial and financial supremacy of Great Britain.
Britain played a key military role as "balancer. Other nations recognized Britain as the "balancer. Containment led to a series of increasingly large-scale wars between Britain and France, which ended with mixed results. Britain was usually aligned with the Netherlands and Prussia, and subsidised their armies.
With the hard work of rebuilding from the rebellion largely complete, the Daoguang Emperor had assembled his newly reorganized Grand Council in a secret meeting to sift through a long list of decrees the Emperor intended to enact immediately.Tips for a New Dominant (D/s advice)
The old guard from the Imperial Faction had been largely sacked after the disastrous rebellion; the more jingoistic Conservatives had won the Emperor's favor, as the Emperor knew this rebellion had only been the beginning. Qing agents had been hard at work gathering intelligence and knowledge on the west in Macau from the Portugese - and from the research, the Daoguang Emperor had compiled a drastic series of steps to protect China from the enormous threat the Europeans now presented.
First, the Emperor proposed a complete restructuring of the royal budget and economic policy. First, China's severe restrictions on trade with the Europeans would be ended immediately, and replaced with a new streamlined system of extremely high tariffs. Opium was to be legalized, so that domestic Chinese production might be formed to combat the inflow of foreign opium that was destroying Qing China's coffers.
These reforms served a dual purpose - to drastically increase the Imperial Court's revenue, and to reduce foreign pressure from the British, which had reached a fever pitch as a result of China's perceived weakness. Second, taxes on the Chinese people would also be increased drastically across the board, to fund a massive modernization effort. The Emperor calculated that with the Qing tax collection having become so horrendously inefficient in recent years, the hardship on the Chinese people would be minimal.
Third, the administrative budget would be cut in the short term - a massive outcry rose up against this particular declaration, as the Council members noted that the Qing administration was already woefully inefficient. However, the Emperor clarified that this would only be a temporary emergency measure to pay for his next declaration. Fourth, and most important of all, would be a drastic increase in the Empire's education budget, paid for by the previous reforms. The Emperor announced that the Exams system would undergo a drastic restructuring and expansion, with large-scale purchases of Western books on modern military technology and science being added to the existing curricula, and with all who successfully passed the exams being eligible to receiving a sizable stipend in return for passing on their knowledge to other exam candidates.
He would also personally endorse a National Focus in the capital to promote education in the Confucian classics, and in newfound Western knowledge. This would pave the way for a drastic expansion in the Chinese administration in the near future. Just a few years ago, the Conservative council members in the room would have reacted to such proposals with open rebellion.