What is the relationship between research and evidence based care

what is the relationship between research and evidence based care

This essay concerns itself with the relationship between evidence based practice and the research process. Section A will address the defin. Many staff nurses are confused by the difference between evidence-based practice and research. Although the two requirements have the potential for. Oncology nurses are leading and participating in research, evidence-based practice projects, and quality improvement initiatives to improve.

Principles of Evidence Based Practice Research can be described as a method of investigating a chosen area to illicit new information on the topic or to build on previous knowledge. In nursing research the aim of this research is to provide clients, their carers and their families with the best possible care in all aspects of their treatment to promote wellbeing Burns and Grove The practice of evidence based medicine means integrating individual clinical expertise with the best available external evidence from systematic research.

what is the relationship between research and evidence based care

Evidence based practice sets out to integrate the best possible evidence, nursing knowledge and patient views into practice. It is vital that nursing staff be knowledgeable of the latest findings in nursing research and are able to access and opt for the most suitable evidence to inform and implement into their practice. Gerrish suggest that evidence based practice consists of research, patient experience and clinical expertise.

what is the relationship between research and evidence based care

It is important to address which research findings nurses should consult to inform their clinical practice in order for them to deliver adequate care to their patients. There are many different types of evidence available to practitioners; Gray Muir as cited in Gerrish outlines a hierarchy of evidence and indicates which types are more superior. Placed at the top of the hierarchy are systematic reviews and multiple randomised controlled trials RCTs.

A systematic review is essentially a study done on prior research; this is then deemed as secondary research Parahoo The aim of this type of review is to carry out an extensive and thorough search of material already available on this topic. The most fitting material in relation to the topic is chosen, this is then evaluated, the findings are then collaborated and summarised to answer the original question.

This process should be performed in a clear manner so that it would be possible for others to carry out this research.

Promoting Evidence-Based Practice Through a Research Training Program for Point-of-Care Clinicians

This hierarchy is more suited to quantitative research and is deemed inappropriate if outcomes are not measurable Gerrish There are many organisations that provide information on research and guidance to how it should be implemented into clinical practice.

The Cochrane Collaboration supply research material which is available to everyone. Their aim as an organisation is to provide health care workers, clients and their carers with information on the most current and reliable evidence used within health care settings. There are several different barriers to implementing evidence into clinical practice; Gerrish suggests that these barriers can be set into four categories; the nature of the evidence, communication of the evidence, knowledge and skill of the nurse and organisational barriers.

Barriers with regard to the nature of the evidence may include research questions unsuitable to clinical practice. In relation to communication of evidence the language used in the research may be deemed as inaccessible due to complex terminology. It has been identified that barriers concerning the nurses skill include troubles identifying or appraising evidence and also lack of confidence of the individual in using resources to access the research.

Organisational barriers seem to indicate that lack of support from senior staff in providing information and time to implement changes are the main cause for concern. Innovative approaches are needed to overcome individual and organizational barriers to EBP. Mixed-methods design was used to evaluate a research training intervention with point-of-care clinicians in a Canadian urban health organization.

Promoting Evidence-Based Practice Through a Research Training Program for Point-of-Care Clinicians

Participants completed the Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice Survey over 3 timepoints. Focus groups and interviews were also conducted. Statistically significant improvement in research knowledge and ability was demonstrated. Participants and administrators identified benefits of the training program, including the impact on EBP.

what is the relationship between research and evidence based care

Providing research training opportunities to point-of-care clinicians is a promising strategy for healthcare organizations seeking to promote EBP, empower clinicians, and showcase excellence in clinical research. Research confirms that patient outcomes improve when nurses practice in an evidence-based manner.

Evidence-Based Practice and Nursing Research: Avoiding Confusion | HealthLeaders Media

Nurses have identified individual and organizational barriers to research utilization. Individual barriers include lack of knowledge about the research process and how to critique research studies, lack of awareness of research, colleagues not supportive of practice change, and nurses feeling a lack of authority to change practice. The program provided mentoring and funding for teams of novice researchers to conduct small-scale studies in their practice settings.

Methods A mixed-methods design 2223 was utilized to support the evaluation of the training program. A before-after survey design was used to assess the effect of the training program on clinicians, and focus groups and interviews were conducted with clinicians and administrators to explore their perceptions of the training program.

Ethical approval was obtained from the appropriate institutional ethics board. Sample and Sampling Participants were recruited from organizational employees who had applied, in teams, to be part of the training program.

Each research team was required to have at least 1 point-of-care clinician whose job was limited to clinical practice and did not include administrative or research responsibilities.