Clefs | Music Theory Tutorials
Understanding the American Evangelical Relationship with God Tanya M. like a treble clef and a bass clef, where there's harmony between the two things. Psalm My heart is steadfast, O God; I will sing and make music with all my soul. Vinyl Wall Lettering Quotes Decals Stickers Treble or Bass Clef Music is. . What a beautiful picture of the relationship He wishes to have with us. Clefs in Relation to Middle C. Middle C is the note exactly between the bass and treble clefs, as noted in the image above. It is known by many other names, but.
Another example of 12th century notation. Note the variation of the letter F to the left of each read line. Harvard Dictionary of Music and Wikipedia These initial letters evolved over time into the stylized representations that we know as clefs today.
The treble clef is a standardized representation of the letter G, while the bass clef, also known as the F-clef, is a more dramatic unrecognizable evolution of the letter F.
In a time before mechanical reproducibility, the standardization of signs was an unfamiliar concept. These notations were all written by hand the inconsistencies and idiosyncrasies of each scribe naturally resulted in some variability of representation, sometimes even on the same page.
I can imagine that the scribes tasked with copying these notational manuscripts made mistakes and additions, until eventually the copy of the copy, of the copy… bore little resemblance to the original. Use of the C-clef, also known as the alto clef and tenor clef depending on its position, has declined over the 20th century to be replaced by the other two.
Today, the alto clef is used primarily in viola music while the tenor is occasionally used for bassoon, trombone and cello. The instruments that use treble clef include the violin, woodwinds, higher brass instruments, and of course the right hand of keyboard instruments. Specific symbols came into use, replacing the colored lines. These clefs represented general voice ranges and their names reflect this.
We label pitch-classes by the use of letter-names. Other labels are discussed in Section 2. From these two fixed points, all other pitches were calculated and placed on the five-line staff.
It may also refer to one complete line of music. This evolved from the early eleven-line staff. In notation we call complete lines of music a system. This reflects its origins from the Guidonian staff: The Grand Staff now yields the potential for locating and notating all pitches, from lowest to highest. Since the two staves Treble and Bass are separated from one another in the Grand Staff, it is necessary to use symbols to extend each beyond its five-line boundaries.
Ledger Lines Short horizontal dashes are used to extend the range of either staff, above or below.
These dashes, called ledger lines Ledger lines are small horizontal dashes above, below, or through a notehead used to extend the range of the staff. They may occur above or below a notehead, or they may bisect a notehead. A common mistake of nascent music students is placing the ledger line on the wrong side of the notehead. When drawing notes observe several other properties: Stems extend up or down from the notehead to the next pitch-class of the same name. This practice for notating stem length has its early origins as a pitch designation, not as a durational value.
Stems are drawn down from noteheads on the middle line of the staff and above. Below the middle line, stems are drawn up. In extended passages across the middle line of the staff, stems may be the same direction. There is no rule for this: Stem placement has not always been uniform. When studying scores of earlier music, one will readily observe that stem placement in relation to the notehead seemed to be a matter of choice, style, or convenience Pitch Placement on the Staff Using these notational devices and practices, exact pitch placement can be shown.
This shared, connective pitch is reminiscent of the middle line from the Guidonian staff and serves to connect the two staves.
Treble Clef and Bass Clef: Introduction to Music Theory
Note that pitches of the same letter name occur throughout the system. Individual tones are specifically recognized as such. Pitches having the same letter name but separated by range are recognized as pitch-classes.
Similarly, ledger lines extending notes above Bass Clef may be written in Treble Clef. At times, it is more appropriate to write pitches using ledger lines, rather than switching to another staff and clef. Key Takeaways Pitch is relative highness or lowness of sound. The term is also used to describe specific tones. Pitch-class is a generic designation referring to tones sounding the same but separated by relative highness or lowness.
The staff is a five-line system used to locate pitches. The Grand Staff is a system of two five-line staves spanning the complete useable range of pitches with the use of ledger lines. Clefs are specialized symbols denoting specific pitches on a staff. All other pitches are located in relation to these. Ledger lines are horizontal dashes that are used to extend the range of a given staff, above or below its five-line boundaries.
Exercises On the example provided, practice drawing Treble and Bass Clefs. Accidentals Defining diatonic pitches and chromatic alteration. Defining musica ficta, accidentals, precautionary accidentals. The term diatonic denotes pitches that occur naturally in a theoretical system of music with respect to its components. In early music, this term was employed to describe those pitches lying outside of the theoretical collection of pitches, pitches that were altered for various reasons.
- The Evolution of the Treble Clef