Buddhism relationship with hinduism

buddhism relationship with hinduism

Buddhism is one of Southeast Asia's main religions. It is closely related to Hinduism and shares a very long history with it, similar to Christianity. Buddhism and Hinduism are some of the most ancient religions in the world today, and their roots go deep. But where do they differ, and why?. (1) Jainism = Mahavir tried to reform Hinduism and set up a religion. Hinduism is calling them their 'sect'. (2) Buddhism = Prince Sidhartha tried to reform.

There is no evidence to show that Buddhism ever subscribed to vedic sacrifices, vedic deities or caste. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Various sources from the Pali Cannon and others suggest that the Buddha taught that belief in a Creator deity was not essential to attaining liberation from suffering, and perhaps chose to ignore theological questions because they were "fascinating to discuss," and frequently brought about more conflict and anger than peace.

The Buddha did not deny the existence of the popular gods of the Vedic pantheon, but rather argued that these devaswho may be in a more exalted state than humans, are still nevertheless trapped in the same samsaric cycle of suffering as other beings and are not necessarily worthy of veneration and worship.

buddhism relationship with hinduism

The focus of the Noble Eightfold Pathwhile inheriting many practices and ideologies from the previous Hindu yogic tradition, deviates from the teachings of the Bhagavad Gita and earlier works of the Dharmic Religions in that liberation Nirvana or Moksha is not attained via unity with Brahman the GodheadSelf-realization or worship. Rather, the Buddha's teaching centers around what Eknath Easwaran described as a "psychology of desire," that is attaining liberation from suffering by extermination of self-will, selfish desire and passions.

This is not to say that such teachings are absent from the previous Hindu tradition, rather they are singled out and separated from Vedic Theology.

According to Buddhologist Richard Hayesthe early Buddhist Nikaya literature treats the question of the existence of a creator god "primarily from either an epistemological point of view or a moral point of view". In these texts the Buddha is portrayed not as a creator-denying atheist who claims to be able to prove such a God's nonexistence, but rather his focus is other teachers' claims that their teachings lead to the highest good.

Is there a connection between Lord Buddha & Hinduism? - Buddhism Stack Exchange

Buddhist cosmology recognizes various levels and types of gods, but none of these gods is considered the creator of the world or of the human race. Hinduism though proposes detachment from fruits of action [31] and stresses on performance of duty or dharma, it is not solely focused on it. In Hinduism, Lord Shiva explains 'death' to be journey of the immortal soul in pursuit of 'Moksha' and therefore a fact of life.

While Buddhism says retirement into forest was open to everyone regardless of caste, and although according to the vinaya the code of conduct for the Sangha it is not possible to take ordination as a Buddhist mendicant a Bhikkhu or Bhikkhuni under the age of 20 or adulthood, this is still viewed as escapism by Hinduism.

Pre-Buddhist, non-brahman forest mendicants are criticised in the earliest group of Upanishads. Buddhism by contrast emphasises realisation by the middle way avoiding extremes of luxury or austeritiesseeing limited value in the rituals and tapas and the danger of their mis-application.

Buddhism explained that attachment is the cause of sorrow in society. Therefore, Buddhism's cure for sorrow was detachment and non-involvement non-action or negative action.


Hinduism on the other hand explained that both sorrow or happiness is due to 'Karma' or past actions and bad karma can be overcome and good karma can be obtained by following dharma or righteous duty pro-action or positive action which will ultimately provide 'Moksha' i. Buddhist canonical views about God and the priests are: Scholar-monk Walpola Rahula writes that man depends on God "for his own protection, safety, and security, just as a child depends on his parent.

He writes that man does not wish to hear or understand teachings against this belief, and that the Buddha described his teachings as "against the current" for this reason. In some Mahayana texts, such a principle is occasionally presented as manifesting in a more personalised form as a primordial buddha, such as Samantabhadra, Vajradhara, Vairochana, Amitabha and Adi-Buddha, among others. Ullambana derives from Hindu traditions. Both Mahayana Buddhism and Hinduism share common rites, such as the purification rite of Homa Havan, Yagna in Sanskritprayers for the ancestors and deceased Ullambana in Sanskrit, Urabon in Japanese.

Caste[ edit ] The Buddha repudiated the caste distinctions of the Brahmanical religion, [35] by offering ordination to all regardless of caste. They will even get into trouble from their own deeds, whatever their caste Brahmin, Khattiya, Vessa, and Sudda might be.

July Main article: Buddhist Cosmology In Buddhist cosmologythere are 31 planes of existence within samsara.

The links between Buddhism and Hinduism - Buddhachannel

Therefore, most of these places are not the goal of the holy life in the Buddha's dispensation. Buddhas are beyond all these 31 planes of existence after parinibbana. Hindu texts mostly mentions the devas in Kamma Loka. Only the Hindu god Brahma can be found in the Rupa loka. There are many realms above Brahma realm that are accessible through meditation. Those in Brahma realm are also subject to rebirth according to the Buddha.

In this sutra, a king of Magadha listed the teachings from many prominent and famous spiritual teachers around during that time. He also asked the Buddha about his teaching when visiting him. The Buddha told the king about the practices of his spiritual path.

The list of various practices he taught disciples as well as practices he doesn't encourage are listed. The text, rather than stating what the new faith was, emphasized what the new faith was not. Though there is a great deal of Buddhist literature, they do not have a text that they are obliged to obey regardless of the circumstances.

buddhism relationship with hinduism

This perhaps goes back to the notion that Buddhism in general is simpler than Hinduism, because in essence Buddhism can be taught to a person by explaining the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path.

Hindu sages recognize Buddha as a great teacher and mystic, much the same way a Christian can admire a man like Gandhi for his religious convictions and his good deeds. Buddhism does have different schools, but it is not nearly as divided as Hinduism.

buddhism relationship with hinduism

Hinduism is unified in many respects, but the number of sects in Hinduism greatly exceeds the separate schools in Buddhism. Although they have a few major differences, they have even more similarities. Buddhism and Hinduism believe that life on this earth is full of suffering and when we begin to act without desire, we achieve bliss.

There is a very famous passage in the Bhagavad Gita when Krishna explains to Arjuna that acting without desire is the first step on the path toward liberation. It is likely that the teachings found in the Gita were influenced by the emergence of Buddhism in India. Hinduism and Buddhism also share a belief in karma, reincarnation and ahisma non-violence.

buddhism relationship with hinduism

Certain sects, such as the Advaita school, have more in common with Buddhism than others, but the same basic canonical beliefs remain constant between the schools of Buddhism and Hinduism and are shared between these two great religions of the world.