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Russia's President Vladimir Putin and Hungary's Prime Minister Viktor than escalate a fight amid already fraught relations with Budapest. Ukraine's accession to NATO would be beneficial to Hungary and the Russia in particular, are interested in worsening relations between Kyiv. Russia Putin Hungary Orbán EU sanctions led by Donald Trump, who has signalled a change in direction between US-Russian relations.
The majority of them could do nothing with their land and either quickly sold it or left it fallow.
For a proper income more land and a more professional way of working would be required. Originally some people received this status and even today there are still around Counting family members there are certainly more than one million people involved in the scheme.
Their products undergo no system of quality control in contrast to the strict measures in place for German small part-time organic producers even when they pay no tax.Putin: It is impossible to imagine Russia without Christianity
Inhowever, only 27 from this group actually paid tax amounting to The result of this system is an illicit economy for the most part involving meat products and an uncontrolled, out of date and uncompetitive means of production. Those who had previously warned that Hungarian agriculture would not survive without proper investment were castigated as traitors to the nation and the Socialist Party dared not mount an offensive against this demagogy.
One symptom of this economic rampage was the law that forbad the sale of land to foreigners. An individual is only allowed to own a maximum of hectares and to use between and hectares. As the most important landowner is the state, the result of this law is that agriculture is totally dependent on a system that distributes land in a feudal manner to political friends.
But it is not just the Hungarian government that is culpable of bad economic decision making. Some part of these counterproductive measures can be laid at the door of the EU with a classic example of this being the closure of sugar factories.
There were originally 12 sugar factories in Hungary and the industry enjoyed a glorious past. In the past there were around hectares devoted to sugar beet but today there are only 10 hectares.
Blood in the water: Hungary's 1956 water polo gold
The EU pronounced the death knell on the sugar industry when, faced with an over production of sugar, it announced compensation to producers who gave up their quota. The locals who had been employed in these factories suddenly found themselves without a job and received little in the way of compensation.
Local authorities also lost the taxes that these factories had paid. The average Hungarian has therefore come to the conclusion that the free market economy is simply an instrument of the strong to subject the weak.
Little attention has been paid to the complexity of the process and the responsibility of the Hungarian government.
Politics In the first ten years afterthe Hungarian political scene appeared to be well balanced. The conservative and social liberal parties were equally strong with a change of government at each election. It hid the fact that the free market economy was increasingly unpopular while, in contrast, state socialism was favoured by all political parties either openly or in a disguised manner.
Init received only In they were no longer represented. By they had more or less achieved this aim. Postthe far right parties became ever more popular. Jobbik was particularly successful in those constituencies where the majority of the electorate was rural, poor and socially marginalised. Unfortunately, this was not really fully understood in the warning articles in western media.
The danger of Jobbik is less in its appalling anti-Semitism than in its reactionary anti western, anti capitalist hostility. In Budapest, Jobbik only managed Since Ronald Inglehart has carried out an additional five extensive surveys that demonstrate that the staggering results obtained by TARKI can in no way be interpreted as an accident. As far as trust, tolerance and use of democratic institutions are concerned, the Hungarians are very much on the edge of western Christian culture.
Their preferences are far closer to Orthodox values. In terms of their mentality, Hungarians, Romanians are far closer to Ukraine or Russia than Slovenia or western European countries.
Within the EU, trust in institutions is lowest in Hungary. It is therefore hardly surprising when the majority of the Hungarian electorate did not find it scandalous when Viktor Orban said that he had not fought against the dictatorship prior but only against its representatives. A change in political opinion can be clearly observed. With the exception of Ukraine, this last result was the lowest in the survey.
Is the economic situation today better than, worse than or the same as under Communism? The control question asking about living standards provided similar answers: In both these cases it is hardly credible that Hungarians have a worse standard of living than Ukrainians or Russians.
It was no accident. For most of the electorate, the widely criticised measures taken by the government energy price reductions, nationalisation of pension funds etc were very welcome as they promised faster gains. Only a very few worried about the anti free market nature of these laws. There is also greater tolerance of corruption than in other states. It should not be forgotten that the government, despite its control of the media, is not on its own able to determine the wishes of the people.
On the contrary, it is the values of the electorate that determine the political elite and their policies. Therefore the findings of the above-cited survey are the result of the political indoctrination of recent years. Commemorative culture In parallel with the anxiety over economic insecurity, a fatal significance became attached to commemorating past events. This new nationalist commemoration of both state and society is multi faceted. I would like to illustrate this with three examples.
The Turul Bird The Turul a mythical bird like an eagle is a historical Hungarian symbol and like the German eagle stands for military might and readiness to die for your country. The majority of war memorials prior to incorporated this symbol. Even today the Turul bird is used by the Hungarian armed forces and the security services. Inthe XII district of Budapest commemorated a new war memorial that from the beginning had caused a great deal of popular debate due to the presence of the Turul bird symbol.
The message of this very conservative memorial was quite clear: Previously the Budapest city planning committee had refused permission for the design and erection of the memorial.
The reason given was that the Turul symbol had been frequently abused since It is a fact that nearly all Hungarian Nazi parties to there had been around 50! The memorial was therefore a major problem and its opening deliberately went against current legislation.
Six years went by until, in a most questionable manner, it was granted retrospective approval. It is probable that the political leadership of the local council did not really appreciate the nature of the memorial. Once it had been erected there was no going back. Jobbik labelled anyone calling for its removal as a national traitor. The city council, controlled by socialist-liberals voted to have it removed but this at once made it a political issue. It did not dare expose the real nature of the situation.
Jobbik organised demonstrations at the memorial ensuring popular attention. The context of the memorial is very questionable. It is much worse. They were murdered not by a foreign power but by Hungarian Arrow Cross Party fascist members. The majority of names on the memorial indicate this.
It was reintroduced post with its adoption by the fascist Arrow Cross Party. It symbolised the rejection of western culture because of all the families who ruled Hungary only the Arpads were indigenous to the country.
The Arpad flag that was declared to be the national flag when the Arrow Cross Party took power in 15 October was for many a symbol of terror. Of all things it was this flag that was popular during the demonstrations in the autumn of against the left-liberal government of Prime Minister Ferenc Gyurcsany.
FIDESZ took care to make no comment on the tastelessness of the use of this flag and after remaining silent on the subject for some time tried to curtail its use amongst its own supporters. It would, however, be wrong to assume that all those who supported the Arpad flag were politically from the far right.
They could just as easily come from the anti capitalist and anti Western Europe factions: It found limited use once again in the scout movement post as secret writing but it was almost totally unknown in the rest of society. Sincehowever, it has enjoyed a renaissance and runic road signs have appeared in most of the country. Why then erect such signs especially as they are expensive?
This signage movement is not just the concern of a few cranks. Very often it is a decision made by local councils who have to find the necessary funding and there is no difference here between those controlled by FIDESZ and those by Jobbik. There are also restaurants where you can ask for a runic menu. You can just as easily ask the same question here as for the town signs as to what possible use this is.
A possible explanation for this phenomenon is an appalling mawkishness on the part of its supporters. In supporting runic writing they are articulating their anti modern views at the root of which is a failure to deal with twentieth century life. Their response is pathetic and of absolutely no use.
Turanism — the new ideology of the Far Right In Hungarian history one of the most important parameters of national identity was to be found in the discussion as to east or west orientation. Although his definition was soon dismissed by other linguists, the term continued to be used in a geopolitical sense. Political Turanism implies an ethnic-cultural togetherness that sees the roots of Hungarian civilisation and culture as being in Asia.
Behind Turanism there is, alongside national delusions of grandeur, a long-standing tradition of repudiation of occidental Europe.
Although all major Hungarian leaders have supported the orientation to the west, there has often been a questioning of this position. With the renewal of Hungarian nationalism at the beginning of the 20th century, the issue was once more on the agenda. The elites wanted to use their own definition of Hungary as a warrior nation.
The claim of a number of linguists that there was a connection between Finnish and Hungarian was sharply rejected as the idea that their nation was related to the peaceful and rural Finns was regarded as an insult.
The following example demonstrates just how current such views are in Hungary. The titles of these four being: Do we need to be descended from the Sumerians? Songwriters from the far right have ensured that this sort of thinking has been updated and disseminated. Orban is often said to have created the EU's first "illiberal democracy" and has long touted Hungary's close relationship with the Kremlin, often to the ire of the EU.
After Tuesday's meeting, he said that he is "pleased that for years relations between the two countries have been balanced and steady".
The energy deal "comes at a time when Hungary's relationship not only with the EU, but also the US, are worse", Kreko said. A report detailing Hungary's alleged breaches of democratic norms, which was used to justify European Parliament's disciplinary action, cited violations including weakening media plurality, crackdowns on civil society and moves towards limiting educational freedom.
Budapest's Central European Universityfounded and funded by Hungarian-American billionaire George Soros, who is known for his support of liberal causes and refugees, has been under the threat of closure for almost two years. But there are international issues, too. The subject of Ukrainefrom which Moscow militarily seized and annexed Crimea in in the wake of a revolution against a pro-Russia government in Kiev, is among Hungary's differences with the bloc.
In June, it was the sole EU nation that voted against financial aid for Ukraine, which is still waging a war against Russia-supported separatists in the country's east.
It has also been a vocal opponent of EU sanctions on Moscow for its actions in Ukraine. Kreko said Hungary's agreement with Russia to expand the Paks power plant, originally made inhas motivated Budapest to side with Moscow on issues related to Ukraine.
Orban's proximity to Putin, even in the face of controversy, does "send a message to the EU", he said.
Russia's growing influence on Hungary "threat to EU" - deputy minister | UNIAN
Pogatsa explained that Hungary has received between six and seven percent of its gross domestic product from the EU Cohesion Fund, which from to is meant for member states whose gross national income per inhabitant is less than 90 percent of the EU average so they can complete "priority projects of European interest", according to the EU Commission's website.
But Hungary is running out of these funds, Pogatsa said, and that doesn't bode well for its economic future. A strong economy accounts for some of Orban's popularity. Since Orban assumed office inPogatsa said he "probably Inflation, growth, everything is better on paper".