All in the Family - Wikipedia
The economic impact of spin-offs University spin-offs are an important subset of start-up attention from both scholars and policy makers during the last decade. ); for example, the research suggests relationships between events in the As a consequence, there is a need for more studies to explain systematically. A spin-off in television is a new series which contains either a different character or theme elements from a previous series. They are particularly common in situation comedy. A related phenomenon, not to be confused with the spin-off, is the crossover. .. (–); Last of the Summer Wine (–). May 4, Investors like spin-offs because they prefer focused companies to They can damage long-standing relations with employees, investors and suppliers. In the s it had more than 2, units, in every business from rental.
He appeared as a regular in all four seasons of Archie Bunker's Place.
9 spin-offs that lasted as long as the original show
He also appeared in the first season as a desk sergeant at a police precinct. What Archie did not know was that Stretch was Jewish, evident only after Stretch died and Archie went to the funeral. Archie's eulogy or "urology" as he called it for his friend is often referred to as a rare occasion when he was capable of showing the humanity he tried so earnestly to hide.
In the episode titled "Archie in the Cellar", Billy Sands is referred to as Stretch Cunningham, the voice on the tape recorder telling jokes. Sands also appeared as other characters on the show during its run, in Kelsey's Bar as a patron. Season 5, 3 episodes Liz Torres as Theresa Betancourt — A Puerto Rican nursing student who meets Archie when he is admitted to the hospital for surgery. She later rents Mike and Gloria's former room at the Bunker house.
She called Archie "Papi". Torres had just completed the first season of the CBS sitcom Phyllis in the spring of before being dropped from the cast. She had replaced the late actress Barbara Colby in the role of Julie Erskine.
Torres joined All in the Family in the fall ofbut her character was not popular with viewers, and the role was phased out before the end of the season. Season 7, 7 episodes Billy Halop as Mr. Munson —74the cab driver who lets Archie use his cab to make extra money. The name of the establishment is Kelcy's Bar as seen in the bar window in various episodes.
However, due to a continuity errorthe end credits  of episodes involving the bar owner spell the name "Kelcy" for the first two seasons and "Kelsey" thereafter, although the end credits show "Kelcy" in the " Archie Gets the Business " episode.
Jason Wingreen as Harry Snowden, a bartender at Kelcy's Bar who continues to work there after Archie purchases it as his business partner: Harry had tried to buy the bar from Kelcy, but Archie was able to come up with the money first, by taking a mortgage out on his house, which the Bunkers owned outright. Her first appearance was when Archie is lost on his way to a convention and Mike and Gloria suspect he and she could be having an affair.
Archie gave her that moniker as she was walking by the loading dock. He said when she walked, "Boom-Boom". She is not fond of Archie because he and Stretch leer at her and because of their sexist behavior, but later becomes friendly with him, occasionally working as a barmaid at Archie's Place.
Barnard Hughes as Father Majeskie, a local Catholic priest who was suspected by Archie one time of trying to convert Edith: He appeared in multiple episodes.
The first time was when Edith accidentally hit Majeskie's car near the local supermarket with a can of cling peaches in heavy syrup. He had appeared on the series as Lyle Bennett, the manager of a local television station, in the episode "Archie and the Editorial" in season three. Lori Shannon played Beverly La Salle, a transvestite entertainer, who appeared in three episodes: In that third episode, Mike and Beverly are attacked, and he dies in a hospital from injuries suffered during the fight.
Blanche and Archie are not fond of one another, though Edith likes her very much. The character is mentioned throughout much of the series after Barney's first wife, Mabel, had died, though she only appeared in a handful of episodes during the last few seasons. Edgar van Ranseleer Mr. He was almost never referred to by his first name. In a running joke, Archie usually waves his hand in front of Mr.
His role was later expanded on Archie Bunker's Place, where he appeared in all four seasons. Quigley first appeared in the episode: He temporarily moves in with the Bunkers but quickly leaves to share an apartment with his friend Josephine "Jo" Nelson, played by Ruth McDevitt. He appeared in several other episodes, including "Archie's Weighty Problem". Mustin previously appeared in a first-season episode as Harry Feeney, the night watchman at Archie's workplace. Edith's aunt, she was mentioned several times in the eighth season and stayed with the Bunkers for two weeks.
Edith wanted her to move in, but Archie would not allow it, though when he thought Iola did not have any place to go, he told her privately that she could always stay with them. Frequently mentioned, usually by Edith, Sybil predicted that Gloria and Mike were having a baby boy by performing a ring on a string "swing test" over Gloria's abdomen.
Sybil also appeared in the episode "Edith's 50th Birthday" and spilled the beans on her surprise party because she had not been invited. Archie and she did not get along, and he referred to her as a "Big Mouth". Archie detested Amelia and her husband, Russ, who were both wealthy. Once, she sent Edith a mink and Archie wanted to send it back, until he found out how much it was worth.
In another episode, Amelia and her husband visit the Bunkers to bring them gifts from a recent trip to Hawaii, but in a private moment, Amelia shares with Edith that, despite appearances, she and Russ are considering a divorce. The character was played by two different actresses in three episodes of the show. Richard Dysart and George S. Irving as Russ DeKuyper, Amelia's husband.
He is a plumbing contractor who continued the business started by Amelia's father and uncles. He constantly flaunts his monetary wealth in front of Archie and looks askance at the way Archie lives, forgetting that he walked into a profitable plumbing business.
He appeared in two of the episodes that featured Amelia Clyde Kusatsu as Reverend Chong appeared in three episodes. He refused to baptize little Joey in season six, and then remarried Archie and Edith, and Mike and Gloria in season eight, and gave counsel to Stephanie in season nine as it was learned that she was Jewish. She played the girlfriend of Justin Quigley, the older man Edith found walking around the supermarket. She appeared in three episodes from seasons four through six.
Gloria and Mike adopted them as their godgrandparents. Of most of the characters, Archie took a liking to Justin and Jo. She died following the end of the sixth season. The Bunkers' neighbor, he appeared in two episodes during the first and second seasons, and was referred to many times during the first few seasons.
Jack Grimes as Mr. A member of Archie's lodge, he was the local funeral director. The death of Archie's cousin Oscar in a season-two episode of All in the Family brings the very short, white-haired, and silver-tongued Whitehead with his catalog of caskets. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Lear's father would tell Lear's mother to "stifle herself" and she would tell Lear's father "you are the laziest white man I ever saw" two "Archieisms" that found their way onto the show.
In fact, CBS wanted to buy the rights to the original show and retool it specifically for Gleason, who was under contract to them, but producer Lear beat out CBS for the rights and offered the show to ABC. It was taped in October in New York City. After screening the first pilot, ABC gave the producers more money to shoot a second pilot, titled Those Were the Days,  which Lear taped in February in Hollywood.
D'Urville Martin played Lionel Jefferson in both pilots.
List of television spin-offs
After stations' and viewers' complaints caused ABC to cancel Turn-On after only one episode in Februarythe network became uneasy about airing a show with a "foul-mouthed, bigoted lead" character, and rejected the series   at about the time Richard Dreyfuss sought the role of Michael. Rival network CBS was eager to update its image and was looking to replace much of its then popular "rural" programming Mayberry R. The pilot episode CBS developed had the final cast and was the series' first episode.
While CBS insisted on color, Lear had the set furnished in neutral tones, keeping everything relatively devoid of color. As costume designer Rita Riggs described in her Archive of American Television interview, Lear's idea was to create the feeling of sepia tones, in an attempt to make viewers feel as if they were looking at an old family album.
All in the Family was the first major American series to be videotaped in front of a live studio audience. In the s, most sitcoms had been filmed in the single-camera format without audiences, with a laugh track simulating an audience response. Lear employed the multiple-camera format of shooting in front of an audience, but used tape, whereas previous multiple-camera shows like Mary Tyler Moore had used film. Due to the success of All in the Family, videotaping sitcoms in front of an audience became a common format for the genre during the s, '80s, and '90s.
The use of videotape also gave All in the Family the look and feel of early live television, including the original live broadcasts of The Honeymoonersto which All in the Family is sometimes compared. For the show's final season, the practice of being taped before a live audience changed to playing the already taped and edited show to an audience and recording their laughter to add to the original sound track. Thus, the voice-over during the end credits was changed from Rob Reiner's "All in the Family was recorded on tape before a live audience" to Carroll O'Connor's "All in the Family was played to a studio audience for live responses".
Throughout its run, Norman Lear took pride in the fact that canned laughter was never used mentioning this on many occasions ; the laughter heard in the episodes was genuine. It was presented in a way that was unique for a s series: Carroll O'Connor and Jean Stapleton were seated at a console or spinet piano played by Stapleton and sang the tune together on-camera at the start of every episode, concluding with live-audience applause.
The song dates back to the first Justice For All pilot, although on that occasion O'Connor and Stapleton performed the song off-camera and at a faster tempo than the series version.
Six different performances were recorded over the run of the series, including one version that includes additional lyrics. The song is a simple, pentatonic melody that can be played exclusively with black keys on a piano in which Archie and Edith wax nostalgic for the simpler days of yesteryear. A longer version of the song was released as a single on Atlantic Recordsreaching number 43 on the U.
Billboard Hot and number 30 on the Billboard Adult Contemporary chart in early ; the additional lyrics in this longer version lend the song a greater sense of sadness, and make poignant reference to social changes taking place in the s and early s. And you knew where you were then Girls were girls, and men were men Mister, we could use a man like Herbert Hoover again Didn't need no welfare state Everybody pulled his weight Gee, our old LaSalle ran great Those were the days!
In the original pilot episode an additional verse was sung: Those were the days! A few perceptible drifts can be observed when listening to each version chronologically.
List of television spin-offs - Wikipedia
In the original version, the lyric "Those Were The Days" was sung over the tonic root chord of the song's keyand the piano strikes a dominant 7th passing chord in transition to the next part, which is absent from subsequent versions. Jean Stapleton's screeching high note on the line "And you knew who you WEEERRE then" became louder, longer, and more comical, although only in the original version did the line draw a laugh from the audience.
Carroll O'Connor's pronunciation of " welfare state " gained more of Archie's trademark whining enunciation, and the closing lyrics especially "Gee, our old LaSalle ran great" were sung with increasingly deliberate articulation, as viewers had complained that they could not understand the words. Also in the original version, the camera angle was shot slightly from the right side of the talent as opposed to the straight on angle of the next version.
Jean Stapleton performed the theme song without glasses beginning in season 6. In addition to O'Connor and Stapleton singing, footage is also shown beginning with aerial shots of Manhattan, and continuing to Queens, progressively zooming in, culminating with a still shot of a lower middle-class semidetached home, presumably representing the Bunkers' house in Astoria.
One of the show's signature elements that it became well known for was the apartment's design which included elements such as a slightly split-level design, doors with triangular wooden inlay features, numerous pieces of well-known high-end furniture such as a replica of Coco Chanel 's sofa, and both Eames and Wassily Chairs and a notable view from the terrace which was frequently complimented by visitors.
The set also included the kitchen through an open archway. A small section of the building corridor and elevator doors was built, as was a powder room near the front entrance.
Two corridors off the living area ostensibly led to the apartment's three bedrooms. Sets for each of these rooms were built as separate sets on an as-needed basis. It was created so the Space Needlethe most iconic landmark of Seattle, would appear more prominently.
According to the season-one DVD bonus features, the photograph used on the set was taken from atop a cliff, possibly the ledge at Kerry Parka frequent photography location. Despite this, Frasier has been said to have contributed to the emergence of an upscale urban lifestyle in s Seattle, with buyers seeking properties in locations resembling that depicted in the show, in search of "that cosmopolitan feel of Frasier".
The studio itself consists of two rooms: A section of the corridor outside of the booth was also built visible through the windows at the back of the studio and could be shot from the side to view the corridor itself. The set was designed based on ABC's then-brand-new radio studios in Los Angeles which the production designer visited.
9 spin-offs that lasted as long as the original show
Technical elements such as the microphones were regularly updated to conform with the latest technology. Although the studio set lacked a "front" wall the fourth wallone was built for occasional use in episodes with certain moments shot from behind the broadcast desk, rather than in front of it as usual. After a trip to Seattle, and seeing the many burgeoning coffee shops, the production designer suggested to producers that they use a coffee shop.
Unlike many of the relatively modern coffee shop designs prevalent in Seattle, the production designer opted for a more warm and inviting style which would appear more established and traditional. Stools were specifically omitted to avoid any similarity to the bar on Cheers. Several Los Angeles coffee shops were used for reference. A bookcase was added on the back wall, suggesting patrons could grab a book and read while they enjoyed their coffee.
The show used three versions of the interior set depending on how much space other sets for each episode required. If space for the full set was not available, a smaller version that omitted the tables closest to the audience could be used. If space for that set was lacking, a small back section of the back of the cafe at the top of the steps could be set up under the audience bleachers.
A set was also used on occasion for the exterior patio. Grammer used an acting method he called "requisite disrespect" and did not rehearse with the others, instead learning and rehearsing his lines once just before filming each scene in front of a live studio audience. Although effective, the system often caused panic among guest stars. InGrammer's recurrent alcoholism led to a car accident; the cast and crew performed an intervention that persuaded him to enter the Betty Ford Clinicdelaying production for a month.
The KACL callers' lines were read by anonymous voice-over actors during filming in front of a live audience, and during postproductionthe lines were replaced by celebrities, who actually phoned in their parts without having to come into the studio. The end credits of season finales show greyscale headshots of celebrities who had "called in" that season.
Some "callers" also guest-starred, such as Parsons and Linney, who played Frasier's final love interest in the last season. Credits[ edit ] The show's theme song, "Tossed Salads and Scrambled Eggs", is sung by Grammer and is played over the closing credits of each episode. Composer Bruce Miller, who had also composed for Wings, was asked to avoid explicitly mentioning any subjects related to the show such as radio or psychiatry.