Committees and the Iron Triangle
The political science term “Iron Triangle” was coined to define a special It starts with close relationships forming between the government. The iron triangle is a unique relationship between bureaucracy, congressmen, and lobbyists that results in the mutual benefit of all three of. An iron triangle is made up of congressional committees and subcommittees, Iron triangles may have a negative effect on legislation when the relationship.
Iron triangle (US politics)
So let's say that there is a group that is very interested in building more roads. Maybe there's a group that represents all the road contractors in the United States, and they would love more highways to be built because there'd be more business for them. And so then that interest group, who wants more highways to be built, they might say, hey, congresspeople, we want more highways built.
The way that they try to get favor with Congress is through electoral support. Now what kind of electoral support could they give? Well, they could donate money to the congressmen directly. They could donate money to political parties.
They could try to activate the electorate to vote for a congressperson who favors their agenda more than someone else. In exchange, congresspeople could do a few things. They could provide more funding to the bureaucracy that is going to build roads, and we just talked about that bureaucracy in the executive branch.
That bureaucracy, not only might they build more roads, but if they like those interest groups, they might lower their regulations on them.Iron Triangles Explained: American Government Review
They might give them more contracts as they build those roads. Another thing that Congress could do for the interest group is pass friendly legislation. So maybe pass a law that makes it easier to build roads in a certain part of the country or in a certain way.
Iron triangle (US politics) - Wikipedia
But the reason why it's called an iron triangle, it's not just about what do interest groups want. It's also what does Congress want? What does the bureaucracy want, and what do they get from the other two parties?
So we already talked about how Congress can get electoral support from interest groups, but what can it get from a bureaucracy? Congress passes laws and a budget, but a bureaucracy, for the most part, decides how to execute on that. An example would be the American Association for Retired People AARP and the Social Security Administration that have worked closely with the government and the agencies to bring out some very useful policies for the American citizens.
The problem starts when the corporate houses and industrialists consist of the lobbyists. These entities are more interested in laws and policies that benefit their own interests.
These types of projects are often called pork-barrel projects.
An example would be the triangle between the US Ministry of Defense, the Congress and the defense contractors. Another possible example is The Christian Coalition lobbying for a bill to stop abortion.
If the law gets passed it would be termed as a pork-barrel project as it does not benefit majority of the population. Global Iron Triangle Several research groups, scientific organizations and environmental groups are lobbying for bills and aids supporting their theories of Global Warming in multiple countries.
Some countries have already come up with policies and laws to this effect. The Iron Quadrangle It is a new term being coined to define a situation where there is a fourth entity present in the equation. With the defense budgets drying up in Europe, U. In this case, the U. Iron Triangles are present in almost every country but sometimes the presence of this system is not readily apparent. In some cases the bureaucrats are the real movers and shakers of an iron triangle rather than the government itself.
Mike Swanson I am the owner of this website and its chief editor.